Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences Date Introduction Generally, learning refers to the process of modifying existing or acquiring new knowledge, behaviours, values, preferences, and skills, and it entails synthesizing various forms of information at a certain time…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences"

Download file to see previous pages In the modern education setting, students are aware of what they are expected to learn in a particular unit of study. Learning styles also determine the learning assessment system used in measuring whether a student has learnt what is expected of him or her after a certain period. Based on the learning styles, assessment of students involves comparing a student’s performance with set standards and communication of results and learning outcomes to the parents and students. There exists numerous learning styles that encompass various approaches of explaining how students learn (Reza and Reza, 2010). In order to understand learning styles, this paper will Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a learning style. Howard Gardner originally developed the theory of multiple intelligences in the year 1983. Gardner viewed intelligence as the ability and capacity in solving problems and fashioning products that are valued in cultural setting(s). He believed that there was need for paradigm shift in learning (Gardner and Seana, 2006). According to him, intelligence of a human being should not be equated with linguistic intelligence or logical-mathematical only. Gardner’s theory emerged from recent studies and research that have found out that students possessed different minds and therefore have the ability of learning, performing, comprehending, and remembering in different ways (Gardner, 1999). Gardner developed a list of intelligences that all individuals are able to know. The list argues that individuals differ in the strength of these intelligences, as well as in ways through which such intelligences are combined and invoked in solving different problems, carrying out diverse tasks and progressing in different domains. He argues that this new paradigm challenges the conventional educational system which makes an assumption that all individuals have the ability of learning the same materials in the same way and that a uniform, universal measure suffices while testing students’ learning (Gardner and Seana, 2006). The theory of multiple intelligences as developed by Gardner further postulates that the educational system is biased towards linguistic and logical-quantitative modes of instruction and assessment (Gardner, 1999). Based on this background, Gardner developed a set of intelligences that are more likely to be effective in learning and education in general. The first one is Visual-spatial intelligence; it involves thinking in terms of physical space. Learners who possess this intelligence are very aware of their environments and they like drawing and reading maps. Sailors and architects are example of people possessing this intelligence (Gardner and Moran, 2006). The second one is Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, which involves effective use of the body. It has been found out that individuals possessing this intelligence have immense sense of body awareness and are very comfortable with movements. Dancers and athletes are examples of people possessing this intelligence. The third intelligence is musical intelligence which largely relates to sensitivity to rhythm and sound. Learners who possess this intelligence are sensitive to sounds in their environment and love music. They mostly use tools such as stereo, musical instruments, multimedia and CD-ROM (Reza and Reza, 2010). In addition, Gardner identifies Linguistic intelligence that involves ability of effectively using words. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Learning Styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences Research Paper)
“Learning Styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Theory of Multiple Intelligences

...? Theory of Multiple intelligences Theory of Multiple Intelligences First postulated by Dr Howard Gardner in 1983, the theory of multiple intelligences suggests that there are eight different intelligences the influence the learning potential of children and adults, as well. The theory holds that the tradition understanding of intelligence which is based on I.Q. testing is limited in describing the intelligence of individuals. According to Gardner (2006) the multiple intelligence theory is a diversion form tradition I.Q. view of intelligence which is psychometric and defines intelligence as a person’s ability to provide accurate answers to intelligence tests. Such test scores would then be inferred against a predetermined rating...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Multiple Intelligences and Online Learning

...? Multiple Intelligences in Online Learning Multiple Intelligences in Online Learning Introduction Howard Gardner’s ‘Multiple intelligencestheory becomes highly explicable when applied to e-learning program and activity-based learning. In other words, all online learning programs that are anchored in the strength of individual’s MI potential are more likely to achieve easy success as compare to traditional e-learning strategies. In order for the learners to have the opportunity to appeal their intelligences, e-learning providers have to make the whole program interactive enough with all or some combinations of the eight (later 9) intelligences of Howard. This paper tends to explain the theory of MI in brief and explores its applicability...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Multiple Intelligences

...Multiple Intelligences Multiple Intelligence The Analysis of the Survey Self: The survey showas that I have a very good sense of self amnd while I like to spend time and think things over. It is noted also that Il often take in information from another person, mull it over, and come back to that person later to discuss it. I like working on projects on your own is another point cited by this survey And I often prefer to learn by trial and error. Effective techniques to enhance my learning include keeping a journal and giving myself time to reflect on new ideas and information. More ideas: 4.14 Language: On this aspect, this survey resullt shows that I always enjoys saying, hearing, and seeing words, including telling stories...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Reflection on Integrating Learning Styles & Multiple Intelligences

Sensing Thinkers use concrete, practical approaches to learning. The Intuitive Thinkers use conceptual and innovative approaches, and are oriented toward theories and meanings. Sensing Feelers use their imagination to see things that cannot be seen by the senses. Intuitive Feelers uses intuition along with feeling.
The Multiple Intelligence theory popularized by Howard Gardner (1991)states that there are at least seven different ways of learning anything, usually called the seven intelligences: body/kinesthetic, interpersonal, intra-personal, logical/mathematical, musical/rhythmic, verbal/linguistic and visual/spatial. These intelligences are considered ways in demonstrating intelligences. This theory revolutionized how intell...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Gardner's Multiple-Intelligences Theory

...Gardners Multiple-Intelligences Theory: Overview: Howard Gardner came up with the Multiple-Intelligences Theory in the twentieth century in an attempt to explain the term “intelligence.” Gardner basis his theory on the argument that the traditional definition of psychometrics as in the IQ tests lacks the representation of all the cognitive skills humans are naturally blessed with. Gardner’s theory renders the conventional means of judging an individual’s intelligence by means of specific IQ tests meaningless in that they are only a tool to measure one or two of the numerous shades of intelligence people retain. The theory identifies nine fundamental traits of intelligence, namely spatial, mathematical, kinesthetic, linguistic, musical...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Multiple Intelligences

... of theorists have resulted in arguments that there is little to no substantial empirical or hard scientific evidence supporting Gardner’s own writings. Such meta-critical investigations have emerged as a new criticism of multiple intelligence theory. One of the main such critics has been Kevin Kavale. While Gardner claims to have conducted empirical research that attests to the efficacy of his intelligence theory, Kevin Kavale has contended that these findings are based on erroneous assumptions. For instance, Stahl argued that research conducted by Marie Carbo, a firm supporter of Gardner’s, which claimed to have positive results in actuality is highly contestable. Kavele (1995, p. 45) states, … Carbo claims that her learning styles work...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Gardners Theory of Multiple Intelligences

... the students, especially when the strength of the class is large. Another disadvantage of this approach is that there is no standard way to measure any of the intelligences. Reference list Gardner, H. and Hatch, T., 1989. Multiple intelligences go to school: Educational implications of the theory of multiple intelligences. Educational Researcher, 18(8), pp. 4-9. Plotnik, R. and Kouyoumdjian, H., 2010. Introduction to psychology. Cengage Learning. References:...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Learning Styles: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

...Theory of Multiple intelligences Theory of multiple intelligences illustrates theory of intelligence which differentiates intelligence into specific modalities, instead of viewing intelligence as single general ability. This theory was initiated in 1983 by Howard Gardner, in his book Frames of Mind: the Theory of Multiple Intelligence. Gardner illustrated seven issues for intelligence behavior: unique developmental progression, presence of savants, prodigies or other exceptional individuals, supported by psychometric results or experimental psychology, brain isolation potential due to brain damage, appearance in evolutionary history, and existence of core operations (Gardner, 2002). These criteria are based on eight abilities...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Bandura's Philosophy Theory

His memories are an accumulation of yesterdays. In yesterday's are written his dealings to others and to himself. He finds life more meaningful in the lives of others. His reason for living is to serve others because he learns more of himself by dealing, relating with and loving others. Hence his motto in life is: “Do to others what he wants others to do to him.”

Bandura’s theory confirms the reality of the experience. A man needs mirroring of others to tell him whether what he is doing is fine or not. The wife is the best critic of the husband and vice versa. This is what makes marriage a wonderful ground for discovery for the two is made into one yet uniqueness of each is still there.

7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

International Trade Theory

 Further to this, it is also believed that international trade can bring substantial economic welfare to the countries however still most of the countries do not view it as a favorable thing. Despite having a very promising and bright outlook, international trade has been largely viewed with suspension and it is because of this that governments impose barriers to restrict international trade. There can be many reasons behind this act of imposing restrictions or blocking international trade however there are also benefits on the other side too.

International trade has driven the attention of many of the brilliant minds in economics therefore the origins of the economic theory on international trade owe much to the c...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Outlining Explicit Learning Objectives and Outcomes for Teachers and Students

Explicit learning is presented by teaching the specific concepts individually and mastery occurs then after. The main key in such a mode of teaching is being highly structured in every activity that is undertaken inside the classroom can be considered as part of the organization of the technique. One of the defining features of the technique is the fact that the teacher commonly points out the part of the lesson where they are in, thus, the term used is explicit teaching (Boyles, 2002).
The explicit form of teaching can be considered to fit lessons that are considered to introduce certain concepts, ideas or skills that are needed to be learned and that the students have low familiarity or experience with. For that matter, the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

... children with LD. While a discrepancy between intelligence quotient (IQ) and achievement are used as criteria to identify and diagnose LD, there is a debate on how this discrepancy is quantified (Siegal, 1989). For example, clinically speaking, a child can be identified as having a learning disability in one school district but not in a neighboring district because of differences in the measure of discrepancy used (Wong, 1986). From a research perspective, different ways to measure discrepancy lead to different characteristics in the sample and different prevalence estimates, which ultimately make possible the replication and generalization of the findings. The discrepancy standard further exacerbates the problem of identification of LD...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice

...Overview of Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice Luke 4:16-21 The foundation moment in Christian preaching is written in Luke4:16-21, when Jesus went into the synagogue in Nazareth and stood up to read the scroll of the prophet Isaiah “and he begun by saying to them, ‘today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing’”. (Luke 4:21) Upon the ripening of time, Jesus stood at that moment as the prophetic speaker proclaiming God’s scriptural Word, declaring the fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah in his person. He spoke in revelation of the fulfillment of written words to a congregation, laying down the foundation of Christian preaching that has since been the basic implement in the sustenance and propagation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Launch Your Career in College - Learning Agreement

...L E A R N I N G O U T C O M E Assignment Final Learning Agreement with Overview In this section the looks at the sample learning agreement, defines it, describes the breadth component, the depth component, the application component and finally a summary statement noting how the different components are related to one another. The learning agreement that has been provided, gives us an in depth analysis of the student’s personal assessment of his personal strengths and weaknesses, it also states the different opportunities that are available to him and how the student plans to make use of the strengths in a manner that would work to his advantage. Likewise the student has also assessed his personal weaknesses and the threats that can...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Learning and Memory Process

Emerging viral diseases like Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome and hemorrhagic fever with the renal syndrome are a cause of The use of short term memory allows for ‘two domain-specific working memory systems to operate at the same time with very little interference (Morris & Maisto, 2005, p.230).’

The Myers’ Briggs Personality Test draws from Jung’s theory of personality and lists 16 personality types. People who come under the type of ESTJ have a tendency to actively take charge and organize things. They take responsibility to complete their jobs in a perfect manner (Morris & Maisto, 2005, p. 70). They are quick to decide and may tend to be aggressive. They tend to be conscientious and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Organizational Change is an Opportunity for Organizational Learning

Before we move on to how it is beneficial for everyone, even though it is perceived negatively by a large number of people and is one of their biggest fears, we need to discuss the different kinds of changes and the reason behind them.

An organization can go through a structural change. This can be due to a takeover or a complete change of management. In this type of change, the way of working and many dimensions of business activity is altered. This move is usually towards modernization and staying up with the pace but is too fast and sudden, and thus hard for the stakeholders to adjust with. Then there is a change brought about by the change in the services or goods produced and provided. This is usually a positive ch...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Free Cash Flows Theory

These are not hard and fast rules in determining the capital structure which should best affect a firms value. These theories lay down the benefits and the costs when a firm chooses what it sees as an adequate mix to maximise the shareholders value.

One of the implications where this research can lead include the possibility of the effectiveness in maximising shareholder value by employing two or more theories in capital structure decisions. Because these theories are more conditional by nature, probing which combinations when used for capital structure decisions are more effective in arriving at the goal of maximising firm value can be another subject for further research.
The role of capital structure in increasi...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

...Management Theory and Practice in the early childhood education industry This Report applies management theory into practice in the early childhood industry, especially in the context of women leaders. Management issues play a significant role in the academic sector, because early childhood professionals need higher levels of motivation in order to avoid burnout . As pointed out in a study by Osgood and Halsall (2007) where they carried out research to examine the position of women in leadership or management positions, a “glass ceiling” exists for women in the academic setting, which could significantly impair motivation. Since many of the individuals employed in the early education sector are women, addressing this issue is even more...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Learning styles - the Theory of Multiple Intelligences for FREE!

Contact Us