StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

RTI, Educational Research and Accountability - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Name: Tutor: Course: Institution: Date: RTI, Educational Research and Accountability 1. Describe the Relationship between RTI and other national efforts to improve student outcomes (IDEA, RTTT, etc.) Response to intervention (RTI) refers to education model applied in facilitating the process of identifying students with high risk of having trouble in learning processes (Gersten, Compton, Connor, Dimino, Santoro, Linan-Thompson & Tilly, 2008)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
RTI, Educational Research and Accountability
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "RTI, Educational Research and Accountability"

RTI, Educational Research and Accountability RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Describe the Relationship between RTI and other national efforts to improve student outcomes (IDEA, RTTT, etc.) Response to intervention (RTI) refers to education model applied in facilitating the process of identifying students with high risk of having trouble in learning processes (Gersten, Compton, Connor, Dimino, Santoro, Linan-Thompson & Tilly, 2008). On the other hand, Race to the Top (RTTT) focuses on requirements that should be met through teaching and learning process in order to facilitate improved students’ performance. Furthermore, Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) refers to policies that have been established to facilitate increase of standards related to achievement for students with learning disabilities. RTI, RTT and IDEA are interlinked by sharing a common objective of improving the performance of students through learning and teaching process. Nevertheless, RTI have a direct connection to IDEA since the latter is applied in identifying students with learning disabilities: who are the beneficiaries of IDEA (Fletcher, Stuebing, Lyon, Shaywitz & Shaywitz, 2005). Moreover, RTI model is also applicable in RTTT to facilitate the process of meeting requirements in teaching and learning (Marzano & Pickering, 2001). Therefore, these relationships have raised attention among numerous educators, who are seeking ways to raise standards of students’ achievement (Heggen, Karseth & Kyvik, 2010). In addition, RIT in RTT and IDEA is commonly applied through strategies to explore potential of formative evaluation as an approach of raising students’ performance (McCardle, Scarborough & Catts, 2001). In this case, by raising standards of content for their students, educators ensure that all achievement gaps are bridged to assisting students with learning disabilities (Arne & Easton, 2009). Besides, educators apply RIT model in order to increase their effectiveness in teaching academic content. 2. What is your perspective on research-based education? Does it restrict teacher decision-making? ESEA mandates research-based strategies; do you use any? Identify them and how effective they are (or are not) Research based education has aspects of policy development that requires a research to be conducted in order to base teaching and learning procedures on results of this research (Jonasson, 2011). Therefore, the interpretation of this perception is evident through a notion that is relevant and easy to support. However, given that, the research-based education has elements of policy development; some policies may be subjected to forces in educational and social systems leading to determination based on inherent or unequivocal policy (Bridges, Smeyers & Smith, 2009). Therefore, this influences decision-making by teachers based on the extent, which their perceptions are affected by informed policy. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) mandate research-based strategies focusing on measurable IEP objectives relate to interventions that are based on evidence (Arne & Carmel, 2010). Moreover, these recommendations are made through consideration of making relevant decisions regarding students’ assessment. In fact, one of the mandates that I use is “Improving the Student Achievement.” Moreover, it is a crucial mandate for increasing students’ growth by use of effective data systems offering substantial information for driving instructional practices to assist students with learning disabilities. In this case, I ensure that I have administered all evaluations that are set by ESEA based on the parameters for students’ IEPs (Brustein & Manasevit, 2009). Therefore, mandates of ESEA research-based strategies are considered in developing objectives that can be evaluated to determine the students’ growth (NACAC, 2010). Furthermore, they assist in making a substantial contribution in improving the performance of students’ with learning disabilities, using relevant guidelines and intervention strategies. 3. Is accountability MORE than just tests? What should an effective "accountability system" look like? According to Reeves (2004), test scores offer a representation of a piece of accountability data; thus, they should be interpreted through a context of information in relation to things that are done by the school. On the other hand, accountability refers to an imperative, which is faced by administrators in schools and board members (Reeves, 2000). Therefore, accountability can be considered more frequent compared to the recitation of these test scores (Reeves, 2003). In this case, the scores gathered from a test may depict students, teachers and leaders’ achievement within the school, but they do not reflect accountability of administrators (Reeves, 2001). However, accountability may be considered a compilation of test scores, and through this perception, it is changed into constructive strategy applied in communicating to the public and other reforming schools. Nevertheless, despite this relationship, accountability cannot be equated to the test scores (Committee on Education and the Workforce, 2004). Reeves’s perception towards education is crucial due to the ideas established through his arguments in relation to accountability. In fact, these arguments are applicable in the process of improving students’ performance and achievement of academic goals (Reeves, 2001). Moreover, accountability establishes a transparent educational system in order to facilitate the process of communicating to the public about student’s performance, teachers and leaders. Therefore, in my opinion, accountability facilitates transparency in the school system since it is not possible to communicate to the public without transparency. References Arne, D. & Easton, J. (2009). Education Highlights Achievement Gaps: How Black and White Students in Public Schools Perform on the National Assessment of Educational Progress. U.S. Department of education Highlights. Retrieved on Feb 11 2013 from   Arne, D. & Carmel, M. (2010). A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. United States Department of Education. Alexandria, VA: Education Publications Center Brustein & Manasevit. (2009). ESEA Reauthorization - Overview. Retrieved on Feb 11 2013 from Bridges, D., Smeyers, P. & Smith, R. (2009). Evidence-Based Education Policy. What Evidence? What Basis? Whose Policy? New York: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Committee on Education and the Workforce. (2004). No Child Left Behind: Raising Student Achievement in America’s Big City Schools. Hearing before the Committee on Education and the Workforce U.S. House of Representatives one Hundred Eighth Congress Second Session: Serial no. 108-65.washington:  U.S. government printing office Fletcher, J. M., Stuebing, K. K., Lyon, G. R., Shaywitz, B. A., & Shaywitz, S. E. (2005). Psychometric approaches to the identification of LD: IQ and achievement scores are not sufficient. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 38, 98–108. Gersten, R., Compton, D., Connor, C.M., Dimino, J., Santoro, L., Linan-Thompson, S. & Tilly, W.D. (2008). Assisting students struggling with reading: Response to Intervention and multi-tier intervention for reading in the primary grades. A practice guide. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Heggen, K., Karseth, B. & Kyvik, S. (2010). The Relevance of Research for the Improvement of Education and Professional Practice. In S. Kyvik & B. Lepori (Eds.). The Research Mission of Higher Education Institutions outside the University Sector. Striving for Differentiation. New York: Springer Jonasson, J. (2011). Problems with the implementation of Research-Based Teacher Education Reform. Retrieved on 11 Feb 2012 from McCardle, P., Scarborough, H. S. & Catts, H. W. (2001). Predicting, explaining and preventing children’s reading difficulties. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 16(4), 230–239. Marzano, R. & Pickering, D. (2001). Classroom strategies that work. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. NACAC. (2010). Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Reauthorization: 2010 Recommendations. NACAC Policy Recommendations. Retrieved on 11 Feb 2013 from Reeves, D. B. (2000). Accountability in action: A blueprint for learning organizations. Denver, CO: Advanced Learning Press. Reeves, D. B. (2001). Holistic accountability: Serving students, schools and community. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press. Reeves, D. (2003). High Performance in High Poverty Schools: 90/90/90 and Beyond. New York: Simon & Schuster Reeves, B. (2004). Evaluating Administrators. Leading in Tough Times Pages. 61(7): 52-58 Reeves, B. (2001). If You Hate Standards Learn To Love The Bell Curve: Education Week. New York: Center for Performance Assessment Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Essay”, n.d.)
RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1467869-rti-educational-research-and-accountability
(RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Essay)
RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Essay. https://studentshare.org/education/1467869-rti-educational-research-and-accountability.
“RTI, Educational Research and Accountability Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1467869-rti-educational-research-and-accountability.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF RTI, Educational Research and Accountability

Research Methodologies and Their Application to Counseling

Data must be subjected to the thinking process in terms of ordered reasoning.

Descriptive Research describes and interprets what it is. It is concerned with conditions of relationships that exist; practices that prevail; beliefs, processes that are going on; effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing.

The process of descriptive research goes beyond mere gathering and tabulation of data. It involves the elements or interpretation of the meaning or significance of what is described. Thus description is often combined with comparison and contrast involving measurements, classifications, interpretation, and evaluation.

In other words, descriptive research may be defined as the purposive...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

School Bullying: an Educational Problem

School bullying is a serious educational problem that is receiving increased attention. While anti-bullying programs are mandatory in Australian and American schools, they are not in Singapore (Forss, 2006). In Singapore, 95% of students in primary and secondary schools have experienced bullying (Forss, 2006).

A bully is someone who repeatedly attacks another individual who does not resist (Berger, 2006) and constantly harasses somebody else either physically or psychologically (Bosworth, Espelage, Simon, 1999). Bullying is manifested in many different ways such as physical, verbal and relational bullying (Berger, 2006). As a result of bullying, victims may experience anger, sadness, and depression which can lead to lo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Literature review

Marketing Research Plan: Old Navy

Gap’s credit ratings thereby limiting access to the capital market, international trade matters which may be disruptive of the supply chain, changes to its IT systems disruptive of operations, changes in the IT services agreement with IBM that can disrupt operations and produce adverse effects on financial results, international expansion through franchising and other arrangements may impair the value of its brands if unsuccessful, products are subject to risks associated with overseas outsourcing and manufacturing, and failure of vendors to adhere to Gap’s code of vendor conduct could harm the business. From available data in the 2007 Annual Report, both the Gap and Old Navy brands have exhibited declining net sales....
11 Pages(2750 words)Business Plan

Organisational Learning in Educational Institutions

Conventional understandings will be reviewed and reinterpreted based on the actual practice and needs of such organizations.

Most literature on organizational development tends to be for the management of business organizations. But I believe that organizational learning is more crucial for non-profit motivated service organizations such as educational institutions because they are more embedded in society and have greater social as well as economic consequences. Educational institutions are dynamic institutions like many others but they are fundamentally different from businesses for whom most of the conventional organizational change and development theories are framed. A developed and tailored theory of organizationa...
14 Pages(3500 words)Report

Research Methods in Linguistics

 The writer of content tries to preserve his/her culture and also wants his/her culture to get attached to his/her recent living due to which, he/she makes use of the bilingual aspect to write a narrative.

Because of this writing, the English reader faces some problem in decoding the meaning but he/she realizes the presence of another culture by means of this writing. Many writers provide a glossary at the end so that the readers face no problem in decoding the words given in another language such as Soueif has done but many take it for granted that readers know the other language as well.

The article contains a detailed evaluation of the novel by Soueif which can be categorized as the strength of the re...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites

...Context of the Paper To begin with, the of the paper is very much apt for the content. Although the could have come up with a more direct title, the title “Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites. A randomized controlled trial” captures the essence of the paper and what the authors aim to address. They, however, could have made it more direct to the point by maybe saying that the study is about a comparison between 3 day cannula re-sites and cannula re-sites as dictated by clinical condition. Nonetheless, the chosen t title is suitable enough to briefly inform the reader of the topic of the research. Two hypotheses were tested in this paper. There are two groups that were compared in the paper...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse

Research ethics was maintained as the identity of the individuals participating was kept secret. As far as the validity of the study was concerned, the researchers attempted to use content validity in order to get an accurate response. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Those answering the phone sometimes were not always the desired individual, and not all of the desired people were surveyed. Different replacements did have to be used, and the attempt w...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and Its Capacity for Addressing the Needs of the Hospitality Industry

...Independent Research Study An investigation into the Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and its Capa for Addressing the Needs and Expectations of the Hospitality Industry in the Country Submitted by : Submitted to : Course : Date : September 29, 2009 Word Count : 3,069 words STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP “I confirm that no part of this work, except where clearly quoted and referenced, has been copied from material belonging to any person e.g. from a book, handout, another student. I am aware that it is a breach of GIHE regulations to copy the work of another without clear acknowledgement and that attempting to do so render me liable to disciplinary procedures.” ________________ Table of Contents I. Consultant’s Brief 4...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

Analysis of Educational Website

.... In other words, availability of information has now become an easy process that used to be a troublesome process in the past. For this purpose, in order to recognize the contribution of internet in the field of education, the paper will specifically identify an educational website, and will carry out its analysis to evaluate the extent of internet in terms of facilitating people from different and diverse backgrounds regardless of their cast, color, and creed. In particular, the researcher chose the Google search engine (2010) to carry out its research for locating an efficient educational website, and within few minutes and with few clicks, it was the official website of “the Smithsonian Center for Education and Museum Studies” (SE, 2010...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

A Framework for Critiquing Quantitative Research Papers

Relevant information of methods used from the Multifactorial Attitudes Questionnaire, Kruskal- Wallis test to ordinal regression have been elaborated.  The results, conclusions, and recommendations are clarified in the research work. Potential benefit is that it makes participants recognize that old need to be given care and inspire attitude change. The harm is that the participants may demand more from their employees relating to the topic. Approval of the Ethics Committee is noted. The findings are categorically explained. The themes include ageism, resources, professional esteem, and working environment. The findings have been explained under each sub-heading. The data have been presented with regard to each question an...

13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic RTI, Educational Research and Accountability for FREE!

Contact Us