StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation (Name) (Institution) Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation The historical marginalization of people with disabilities limits their chances to equitably participate in basic activities. In some cases, it has resulted in the victimization of these persons within the institutions of learning as a result of psychosocial factors…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation"

Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation The historical marginalization of people with disabilities limits their chances to equitably participate in basic activities. In some cases, it has resulted in the victimization of these persons within the institutions of learning as a result of psychosocial factors. Some of these factors include stereotyping, negative attitudes, and stigmas. Prior to the 1970s, public education system within the United States did not cater for students with disabilities. They had separate learning in residential institutions or isolated schools. It was until the mid-1970s that human rights advocacy, litigation, and other forms of legislation came into play. The turning point came in 1975 following the inauguration of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act. Since then, a series of legislations have been put in place to integrate students with disabilities within the overall education system. These developments were instrumental in the realization of inclusive education across the globe. Several countries have so far adopted progressive laws that seek to protect the rights of students with disabilities within the education system (Hodge, 2010). According to Winzer & Mazurek (2000), the contemporary special education system has been designed to enable students with disabilities exploit their full potential. These design acknowledges the difference that exists between students with disabilities and the average students. It thus accomodates the special needs of every individual student and seeks to embed this understanding deep within the overall education system. The succes of the entire process largely depends on external forces such as legislation, politics and ethics. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990) stipulates that all students with disabilities should be given unrestricted access to educational programs. It also criminalizes all forms of discrimination against persons with disabilities, specifically within the education sector. Similarly, the United Nations has developed policies aimed at promoting the rights of children with disabilities. For instance, the United Nations Standard Rules for the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities (1993) was pivotal in the birth of inclusive education. The inclusion model seeks to address social justice that forms the basis of normalization within the general education system. Generally, the inclusion model seeks to make students with disabilities a part of the local community. This is achieved by accommodating such students in the local schools rather than segregating them in special schools. As such, these students interact with people from their community thus enabling them to develop problem-solving and cognitive skills. In the event that the students with disabilities are isolated in special schools, the realization of normalization remains would be a mirage. The principle of inclusion eliminates elements of discrimination and shapes the general attitude towards people with disabilities (Konza, 2008). Despite the recognition of students with disabilities within the general education system and the consequential adoption of strategies to normalize and provide education for all, a myriad of issues still threaten the successful implementation of the process. The commitment towards inclusive education is too demanding. The first challenge is the establishment of national standards of education which are very competitive. Secondly, the increasing litigation on education policies and bureaucractic demands call for increased flexibility amongst educational practitioners. Lastly, the overall student performance or assessment; based on examination results, confronts the success of the process. Most schools focus on the overall academic excellence thus students with probable academic challenges are hardly offered a chance. In essence, schools that consider high-performing students admit more students as compared to schools that have opportunities for all (Konza, 2008). Even though the achievement of a barrier-free inclusion of students with disabilities in mainstream schools is still incomplete, there are signs of hope. The growing body of knowledge and research on special education indicates that the success largely depends on the school and individual teacher capacity. Konza (2008) notes that some regions are already experiencing both social and academic inclusion of students with disabilities. Based on cumulative research, there is evidence of a positivechange in teacher attitude towards students with disabilities. Programs that focus on capacity building will also equip teachers with appropriate skills for handling the students. The success of education for students with disabilities is forthcoming owing to increased teacher training and professional development. Training is the cornerstone of competence and attitude change towards special education. This study has completely shaped my initial perception on students with disabilities. Even though I did not discriminate against them, I felt that they should have separate learning instititutions. Given the special attention their training demands, I saw the need for special schools where specially trained teachers would provide the necessary learning environment. However, the recent lessons and literature review has seen a complete twist in my perception. Owing to need for social inclusion, students with special needs should be accomodated within the mainstream schools. Inclusion will make them feel as part of the community and enhance their problem-solving and cognitive abilities. There is also the need to equip all teachers with the necessary skills and knowledge on students with disabilities so that they can be accomodated in any school. Evidence-based research on students with disabilities and increased pedagogical developent will ultimately see the success of inclusion model. References Hodge, S. R. (2010). Adapted Physical Activity for Students with Special Needs. In P. P, B. E, & M. B, International Encyclopedia of Education (pp. 518-529). Oxford, UK: Elsevier. Konza, D. (2008). Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in New Times: Responding to the Challenge. University of Wollongong. Winzer, M. A., & Mazurek, K. (2000). Special Education in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1460113-attitude-legislation-and-litigation
(Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/education/1460113-attitude-legislation-and-litigation.
“Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1460113-attitude-legislation-and-litigation.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation

Civil Litigation

...? Civil Litigation Case Personal Injury Practice and Procedure The law on the practice and procedure for personal injury claimsis usually complex and tedious. This is because personal injury cases require concrete evidence to be tabled and intense negotiations between both parties involved in the case. The law is clear on the required procedure to be followed in handling personal injury claims. The solicitors of both parties can agree on the nature and amount of compensation to be made and the case is settled out of court. The essence of this alternative dispute resolution mechanism is time and cost saving. It saves the aggrieved party of waiting for a long trial before gaining any compensation and also saves the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Attitude

...? Lansing Community College MGMT 290 – Attitude CRN-81763 May 2, GRANT JOHNSON Number: X00670527 johnsg2@mail.lcc.edu Define attitude and its effect on a manager's work performance To start with, attitude is defined as a positive way of thinking or feeling which are reflected in a person’s demeanor. It is the collection of a person’s behavior which shall be the cornerstone of his success within his working domains. It would allow him to move ahead freely with his work realms and feel good about how he completes work and what are the related implications of the same. This is in line with the changing beliefs that are shaping up the organizational climate of present times, and echoes well with the manager’s work performance tenets... which...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Litigation

...Litigation There are two sorts of legal methods that can be used resolve conflicts between individuals as well as organizations, these include: traditional methods of litigation such as conflict resolution through judicial procedure and litigation methods that are recognized as modern methods of conflict resolution and include ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution). There are several disputes that do not qualify for a judicial proceeding, so such cases are resolved through ADR. This writing will pay emphasis on both the traditional as well as modern ways of solving conflicts and the differences and similarities between them. Litigation is term used to refer to the process...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Legislation:

...?Legislation: Women Issues Viebeck s that America is one of the few countries where women have almost equal rights as men (6). Like most women around the world, American women have had to overcome many challenges to attain the level of equality they have today. The 18th and the 19th century American women faced all manners of oppression. They were expected to stay at home to nurture children and take care of homes. As such, they were not expected to be heard, but to be seen. This implied that men dominated over them in all matters in society. Most women around the world still face this form of oppression. However, American women have managed to overcome some of the challenges. This has been made possible through intense activism... solved in...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Civil Litigation

...his or her duties is a violation of the agreement of employment furthermore may perhaps consequence in penalizing action by the employer. This penalizing action will not be a matter when a tutor has worked out astutely with his/her specialized decision and has obeyed with pertinent departmental strategies, guiding principles and instructions. The Educators these days face amplification in probable accountability actions owing to the big number of civil rights litigations, a decline within legislative resistance from these kinds of actions, in addition to greater instructor responsibility. The teachers, in specific, are apprehended as being extremely liable for the security, direction, also apt...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation on Special Education

...Special Education: The Law, The People, and the Implications The educational needs with disabilities has resulted in legislation that has seen a shift in attitudes and action in the classroom in the last 30 years. These students gained public awareness and government protection by the passing of the Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 1975. Since then it has been bolstered and expanded through the re-authorizations in 1997 and 2004. In addition, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) included several provisions for mandating and measuring the success of equal treatment. This has resulted in several cases of litigation as the Department of Education enforces the guidelines of NCLB and...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Special Populations: Legislation, Litigation, and Advocacy

...Special Populations: Legislation, Litigation and Advocacy From a Special Education Aspect Q. 1 All students with moderate and significant disabilities must make a bus trip that is an hour long to commute to a school that will provide services to them…. What’s your interpretation of this practice? What are the specific issues involved in this practice that might violate the law. How would you address this specific issue? While transportation times may depend on the size and capabilities of the school district, an hour is generally too long of a commute for students with significant disabilities to travel. There may be exceptions, such as in rural areas where a limited number of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Special Education Attitude, Legislation and Litigation

...Running Head: Special Education Attitude, Legislation and Litigation Professor Course Date Abstract In the recent past there has been considerable development in the field of Special Education and education for students with disabilities. The IDEA has issued regulations that ensure growth and progression in the department of Special Education. The aim is to provide students with disabilities equal and standard education. Emphasis has been given on hiring learned and well trained teachers who would also be supportive and friendly... but in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Arbitrtion, mediation, litigation

...Conflict management has become more utilized than ever before in the business world. Conflict may occur when parties disagree over the substantive issues or when emotional antagonisms create friction between them (Schermerhorn & Osborn & Hunt, pg. 378, 2003). There are several techniques that can be used to manage and resolve conflicts. Three of those techniques are arbitration, mediation, and litigation. The organization I selected to analyze the application of these techniques was a former employer of mine. All three of these techniques were used by my employer to solve different types of conflicts and problems. Litigation is a legal procedure in front of a judge such as lawsuit to solve a conflict...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Litigation, Censures and Fines

...Litigation, Censures and Fines Introduction Litigation cases concerning national public accounting corporations comprise fines by regulatory bodies and censures by certified societies. Litigation is the expression employed to illustrate proceedings started between two conflicting parties to impose or protect a legal right. It is established by agreement between the sides; however, could also lead to impose of punishments in term of fines and censures in case corporations. In this paper, Ernst & Young incident in 2005, 2006, and 2007 forms the basis of discussion. Question 1 In 2005, 2006, and 2007 audits reports, conducted for Medicis led to Ernst & Young’s litigation of a fine of $2 million to solve charges relating to fraudulent... and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation for FREE!

Contact Us