We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Arguing for Offenders being Supported towards Higher Education - Literature review Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Arguing for offenders being supported towards Higher Education. Introduction: the value of higher education in prisons. There is plenty of research from various countries which demonstrates the value of Higher Education in prisons, in terms of the rehabilitation opportunity it provides, and the positive effects that it can have in reducing reoffending rates…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Arguing for Offenders being Supported towards Higher Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Arguing for Offenders being Supported towards Higher Education

Download file to see previous pages... Quite apart from the life enhancing benefits to prisoners themselves, who were able to gain insight into their own situation and formulate new and positive strategies for their future lives, there are obvious and positive impacts for society at large in opening up access to Higher Educations to prisoners. In general it is clear that the benefits of providing such access far outweighed the financial costs. What is less clear, is how best to deliver more access to higher education for the most excluded portion of citizens, namely those who are in the care of prisons and probation officers. Major shifts in criminal justice policies and in UK Higher Education. In the UK in recent years there have been some big ideological debates surrounding prisons, sentencing and the punishment and rehabilitation of offenders. At the same time there have been major changes in the UK Higher Education sector, with increasing privatisation of delivery and substantial fee increases. Vignoles and Crawford (2009, p. 49) point out that it has been difficult in the UK, even in the general population outside prisons, to widen access to access to Higher Education. Despite well-publicised efforts in the mid to late 1990s, to introduce policies to widen access, the gap in HE participation rates between higher and lower social classes actually widened. Adult learners, who are just one of several target groups in the widening access agenda, experience significant barriers to Higher Education entry which are only partially addressed by access courses and other outreach measures initiated by further and higher education institutions. The extent of the difference caused by socio- economic factors is still very large, and apparently growing: “Recent evidence from HEFCE (2005) indicates that the 20 per cent most disadvantaged students are around six times less likely to participate in higher education compared to the 20 per cent most advantaged pupils” (Vignoles and Crawford, 2009, p. 49). The introduction of very high fees in the mainstream higher education sector in the UK has caused a marked commercialisation of the whole student experience. There is a system in place which requires universities to make “Access Agreements” which in theory guarantee that special provision is made for students who have difficulty in meeting the high cost of fees. It has been noted already that the democratisation of higher education through these new measures has been only a partial success, with new universities in particular exceeding their targets in widening participation, while at the same time there appears to be a worrying entrenchment of top fifth, redbrick and elite institutions which perform below their expected benchmark (David, 2009, p. 46). There is a danger that these measures will increase access to the lower portion of Higher Education, such as foundation degrees and some BA and BSc programmes in some institutions, while actually increasing the exclusivity of popular courses in well-regarded universities. There is, of course, a tension between these financially driven reforms, and the objective of widening participation. Hartley sums up the main direction of the reforms of the early 1990s in Ritzer’s (1993) somewhat provocative term “McDonaldization” which postulates four key dimensions “efficiency, calculability, predictability and control” in post-modern organisations (Hartley, 1995, p. 409). This ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
TQM in Higher Education
Acccording to the paper quality management refers to the structures in the education system that help in resolving the management issues while quality improvement refers to specific improvement processes and best practices which can be chosen by educational institutes to fit into their systems. The quality management plan needs to be supported by facts.
11 Pages(2750 words)Literature review
The use of flexible and distributed learning in higher education (particularly post qualifying nurse education)
Introduction 11 2.2. Literature Review as a Search Method 12 2.3. Key Features of the Literature Review 14 2.4. Validity and Reliability 15 2.5. Rationale for the Use of the Literature Review for this Study 16 Chapter 3 – Method 19 3.1. Introduction 19 3.2.
43 Pages(10750 words)Literature review
IS TAX-SUPPORTED HIGHER EDUCATION JUSTIFIED
There are educational institutions funded by the government, and others are privately-owned. Taxes strictly speaking, come from the people and kept by the government, for the welfare of the people. Tax-supported higher education means that educational institutions specifically on higher education are mainly financed through taxes collected from the people; the higher the tax, the more students would be benefited.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Juvenile Offenders and Re-offending Rates
Moreover, the definition of juvenile offender differs from country to country.3 In the UK, juvenile incarceration rates are among the highest in the world, though some communities have witnessed a slight decrease, largely due to local communities’ programs and attitudes towards juveniles.
5 Pages(1250 words)Literature review
Literature Review of Balanced Scorecard in Higher Education
Balanced Scorecard (BSC) - Definition Balanced score card is strategic performance management system which is extensively used in businesses and industries, non profit organizations and government organizations across the world for aligning business activities to the strategic vision and mission of the organizations.
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review
Computer supported collaborative learning
Currently, education is taking a more constructivist approach, where learning is not just to perceive knowledge, but also makes sense of the knowledge acquired. Social constructivists
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review
Does the current system of funding higher education support student academic learning
derinvestment in the UK universities may eventually reduce the standing level of the UK universities that already have an international reputation (Russell Group 2010, pp. 37-47). However, the study stand up to scrutiny especially the idea that the claim of severe pressures on
1 Pages(250 words)Literature review
STRATEGIC DECISION MAKING IN SAUDI ARABIA HIGHER EDUCATION SECTOR IN GLOBAL CONTEXT
in a global context and this therefore explains the necessity to have a nation take strategic decisions regarding the sensitive sector (Prince, 2006, p. 414-416). In this understanding, this section reviews literature on the factors that influence strategic decision making
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
Major Issues of Higher Education in Pakistan
According to the paper the policies made for higher education completely neglect the importance of colleges. Majority students from public institutions join colleges after schooling. The college education is worse than the schools and universities in Pakistan. Students hardly attend regular classes in college while on the other side they are compelled to join local learning centers where instructors prepare them for final exams.
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review
Art and Craft higher education in pakistan
However, learning in arts and crafts does not necessarily take place within formal settings such as schools but also informally (Cox, 2007). In fact, informal learning is arguably the largest
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review
Let us find you another Literature review on topic Arguing for Offenders being Supported towards Higher Education for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us