CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS Name Name of Institution Introduction According to McGuire (2004, p. 65), there has been debates allover regarding the significant and relevance of imprisonment in expense of rehabilitation…
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213). These questions are more intense when there is issue of imprisoned female violent offenders. Some scholar argues that rehabilitation is more helpful to female violent offenders while contradict with the issues of imprisoning female offenders (Bourgon & Armstrong, 2005, p. 4). As per those who are against the imprisonment of female offenders, rehabilitation would aid in reducing cases of repeated offenders as well as saving the tax payers money. Rehabilitation in expense of imprisonment is also argued to reduce the congestion in prisons. Those who are for imprisonment argue that imprisonment helps in administering justices for the offended. Individuals who are imprisoned are offenders and they deserve the punishment (Bourgon and Armstrong, 2005, p. 4). According to the supporters of the imprisonment, prisons offer rehabilitation services for those who are enthusiastic and capable of changing (Gaes, Wallace, et al, 2002, p.359). Numerous studies have confirmed the view that there are fewer female offenders compared to male offenders (Poels, 2007, p. 227). This situation can be attributed to a number of factors including the nature of offences and frequency of offending by members of either gender. The role of imprisonment and rehabilitation in controlling crime is undoubtedly very important and is central in the criminal justice system. Since gender partly influences commission of offences and the issues of imprisonment and rehabilitation, recent studies in the field of criminology have shifted attention to the gender aspects that are specific to either gender. This has seen attention being focused on the gender aspects that are specific to female offending, as well as imprisonment, rehabilitation, and other criminogenic needs of female offenders (Benda, 2005, p. 328). The corrections component of the criminal justice system has been designed in such a way that it provides for the specific needs of the women offenders, and implementation of intervention programs that target this category of offenders. The question of imprisonment and rehabilitation of female offenders and how to address it is informed by the philosophical argument that the issue of gender is relevant in all aspects of life (Lewis and Stanley, 2000, p. 74). There are particular issues that affect one gender more than others and influence their involvement in crime, as well as their rehabilitation. Women are affected more with the issues such as sexual abuse, depression, adolescent motherhood, and domestic violence among others (Poels, 2007, p. 228). It is the women realities such as the afore-mentioned that motivates research in areas such as women imprisonment and rehabilitation. Objectives of the Research The main objective of the research is to compare and contrast the relevant of the imprisonment and rehabilitation center to the female violent offenders. As such, the paper will focus on the significant of the prison in rehabilitating the offender and also the imperativeness of rehabilitation center in advancing the behaviors of an offender. The challenges involved in rehabilitating violent female offenders in the rehabilitation centers will also be addressed in the study. The shortcomings in the prisons will also be discussed in the study. In general, the research will try to compare and contrast the importance of both rehabilitation ce
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Procedural ethics attempts to mitigate these concerns through the use of ethical codes and standards of behaviour, and focuses on the steps that should be taken in various ethical situations (Doyal 2001). These codes have been necessary to ensure against abuses by researchers and to codify exactly what constitutes unethical behaviour (Savage n.d.).
It is an observation that drug and alcohol abuse also have a significant part in crimes. The majority of individuals detained for crimes mostly indicate that they were under the influence of abovementioned addiction. An additional important factor is family background, or the environment within which a human being is raised.
Historical and political developments further serve to reinforce these traditions, with research attitudes towards discrimination being perhaps the most self-evident of this phenomenon. For example, race has always been a particularly sticky issue in a number of areas, particularly in criminology where research must take care not to highlight issues that may serve to aggravate racial discrimination.
Quantitative research is the numerical depiction and manipulation of surveillances for the purpose of explaining as well as describing the phenomena which is reflected in a particular observation (Sukamolson, 2012). This discussion would focus on comprehensive information about quantitative research techniques and how it is useful for criminalist as well as researchers regarding the subject of criminology and criminal justice.
Whereas numerous theorists assert to be able to answer these issues, hardly any, are completely proficient of methodically replying them all. This research paper will study three dissimilar theories namely, general strain, self control and life course, to conclude whether they clarify gender, age and racial dissimilarity in crime.
Qualitative research is a more subjective type of research whereby, a researcher introduces some bias to assist in forming a complete picture. This type of analysis is applicable in situations where a researcher is
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