Down Syndrome Facts - Literature review Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
  This review discusses how it is very important for the teachers that they are motivating and use creative methods for their students with Down Syndrome. Family of children with Down syndrome should be counseled and educated about the genetic etiology of the disease…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.2% of users find it useful
Down Syndrome Facts
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Down Syndrome Facts"

Download file to see previous pages The intellectual disability causes an individual to lag behind in his development of communication skills, social abilities and even his ability to take care of his own self in a proper manner. Teaching and support services for individuals with intellectual disabilities is designed in a completely different manner and is targeted to meet their learning and problem-solving requirements. Creative and interactive teaching ideas should be implemented in order to obtain maximum results. Visual, audio and interactive lesson methods should be applied and the difficult ideas and problems should be made comprehensive for the learners. American Association of Intellectual and Development Disabilities are directed towards support services and development support for such individuals (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints 2012). Down syndrome is defined as a condition caused by a genetic defect which results in both physical and intellectual limitations in the affected individual. The normal number of chromosomes in an individual is 46 but in a Down syndrome individual, the chromosome number is 47 instead (National Association for Down Syndrome 2012). It is considered as one of the most common syndromes present at birth called congenital syndromes. One in every 700 births is estimated to be a child with Down syndrome. It has been observed that the possibility of developing Down syndrome increases as the maternal age increases at the time of conception. After the age of 35, the risk of Down syndrome in the child increase by many folds (Selikowitz 2008). The prevalence of Down syndrome in the United States was estimated to be one in every 733 births by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the year 2010. Around 60,000 cases are diagnosed with Down syndrome annually (National Down Syndrome Society 2012). According to a study in the year 2007 carried out among 63000 babies in UAE, an approximate incidence of one Down syndrome case for every 449 newborn babies was estimated. The study also highlighted the maternal age risk factor and showed that around 41 % of the UAE mothers had crossed the age of 35. This also showed that maternal age is a major etiological factor (Shaheen 2012).  Down syndrome presents in individuals with a large range of variations in its characteristics and features. As discussed earlier, it is a chromosomal defect; hence every cell of the body’s each system is defective. Hence almost every system manifests with problems and pathologies. Around 120 different features for this syndrome have been described up till now but some children might manifest with only six or seven characteristic features. The characteristic features describing Down syndrome are visible in eyes, head, and face. A Down syndrome individual has a round face with a flat side profile, with brachycephaly (Flattened back of the head). The eyes are slanted, small epicanthic folds which might give a false manifestation of squint or strabismus and the iris might show whitish spots called Brushfield spots. The neck of the young child has greater fat content at the back which is diminished with age and an adult individual will have a broader and smaller neck.  Hands are shorter with usually one joint in the little finger and only one or sometimes two creases in the palm of the hand. Hypotonia is another characteristic feature which presents with floppy upper and lower limbs.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Essay on Down Syndrome Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1442668-down-syndrome
(Essay on Down Syndrome Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/education/1442668-down-syndrome.
“Essay on Down Syndrome Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1442668-down-syndrome.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
pr
priscillasimoni added comment 4 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I never thought 2250 words essay could be written in such a free manner. I loved the research of this essay. Will definitely use it for my own work!

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Down Syndrome Facts

Down Syndrome

...: Children that Grow Up. Cambridge University Press. 1995. Lennard, Davis. The disability studies reader. London: Routledge. 2010. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Facts About Down Syndrome. 2008. Web Reddy, U.M., et al. Prenatal Imaging: Ultrasonographies and the Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Obstet Gynecoll July 2008; vol 113(1): pp 144-158. Singer, Peter.Taking Life: Human. Practical ethics. Cambridge University Press. 1993. Wiseman, F., et al. Human Molecular Genetics. April 2009; vol 19: pp R76-R83.... Down syndrome. The world has had a series of challenges as far as medical health is the concern. Arguably, it cannot be dispensed that health related disorders remain one of the...
21 Pages(5250 words)Essay

Down Syndrome

...? Down syndrome Down syndrome Introduction Chromosomes are the basic unit of cells which contain the organized form of DNA in a coiled form. These chromosomes undergo different type of abnormalities during the genesis of human beings. Chromosomes are units which are transferred from parent to offspring through different processes. In certain cases this transfer is not successful and this leads to chromosomal abnormalities. These abnormalities occur due to different reasons such as radiations or chemicals. Primary abnormalities in the chromosomal structure are related to four classes which are deletions, inversions, translocations and ring chromosome. In this assignment...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Down syndrome

...with children affected by Down syndrome, including: National Down Syndrome Society  666 Broadway New York, NY 10012 (800) 221-4602 National Down Syndrome Congress 1370 Center Drive, Suite 102 Atlanta, GA 30338 (800) 232-NDSC (6372) References 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Down Syndrome. Created 3/11/09. 2. National Down Syndrome Society. Information Topics. Accessed 4/20/09. 3. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Genetics. Health Supervision for Children with Down Syndrome. Pediatrics, volume 107, number 2,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Issues on Down Syndrome

...? Relationships amongst age, language and related skills and in adults with Down syndrome. Predictors of academic attainments of young people with Down’s syndrome. NAME: INSTITUTION: Abstract Down syndrome, also called mongolism is a hereditary condition occurring due to non-disjunction of chromosome 21 producing trisomy 21 (William, 2005). The condition occurs in 1 per 733 estimates with the chances seen in older parent. Down syndrome has been associated with mental progress, growth impairment and some facial characteristics. Individuals suffering from this condition have low intellect ability. It is...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Down Syndrome

...? 12 April Down Syndrome Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder that hampers the mental andphysical development of those afflicted. It results when an individual has an extra 21st chromosome, i.e. a total of 47 chromosomes, rather than the usual 46 chromosomes. This condition is also known as trisomy 21. In those born with DS, the extra chromosome interrupts the normal growth and functioning of cells. Babies born with the syndrome are smaller and have fewer brain cells (Bowman-Kruhm 12). Those suffering from the syndrome are easy to recognize as the disorder manifests itself in a number of physical ways, altering the outward appearance...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Down Syndrome

...for parents and children. Additionally, there should be support and education groups that are providing help and information for families, friends, and parents who have members with Down syndrome. Availability of such community resources will go a long way in helping those with Down syndrome to develop into fulfilled and healthy individuals who are able to achieve a level of independence (Underwood, 2004). References Dykens EM (2007). "Psychiatric and behavioral disorders in persons with Down syndrome". Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 13 (3): 272–78 Selikowitz, M (1997). Down Syndrome: The...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Down syndrome

...question posed to child clinicians is whether behavioral disturbance is due to deficits in attention or the presence of anxiety. It is often assumed by nonclinicians that these conditions are mutually exclusive, whereas in fact, they may co-occur with considerable frequency. In fact, comorbidity in general is more common than not in psychopathological conditions in childhood. There is some indication that children with anxiety disorder and Down's syndrome may be less impulsive and more overactive than children with only the Down's syndrome diagnosis and less likely to develop a conduct disorder (. Indeed, it has been suggested that...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Down syndrome Research Paper

...in the United States alone. An estimated 3-4 million people are living with Down syndrome worldwide. As global healthcare improves, the population of people with Down syndrome may double over the next 30 years (Down Syndrome Education International, 2009). Down syndrome was first described by John Langdon Down, an English physician, when he recognized the cluster of traits common in people and published his findings in 1866. In 1959 Dr. Jeremy Lejeune discovered the fact that all people with this syndrome had an extra 21st chromosome....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Down Syndrome in Children

...-174. Chen, H (2013). Down Syndrome Treatment & Management. Medscape. Retrieved on 13 March 2014 from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/943216-treatment#aw2aab6b6b6 Down Syndrome Association of West Michigan (2010). Supporting the Student with DownSyndrome in Your Classroom. Educator Manual, pp. 1-50 John Langdon Down Foundation (2013). How does Down syndrome affect human development? Retrieved on 13 March 2014 from http://www.fjldown.org.mx/sindrome_de_down/como_afecta_al_desarrollo/como_afecta/ ?___store=english&___from_store=spanish National Down...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Down Syndrome Condition

...Down Syndrome Condition Summary A gene is described as the smallest physical and functional unit of genetic inheritance. Genes contain a protein composition. Every living human being has two copies of each gene from the male parent and the female parent. Normally, most genes are similar to every person. However, they are slightly different from others. These differences in each persons genetic composition largely contribute to the differences in our physical appearances. There are various defects caused by a disorder in the genetic composition. They are chromosomal abnormalities, single gene defects, multi-factorial problems and teratogenic problems. In this summary, I will discuss defects as a result...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Literature review on topic Down Syndrome Facts for FREE!

Contact Us