The assessment covers a comprehensive analysis of the text’s reliability, accuracy and validity. It then encompasses arguments about the proposals of avoiding four errors involving: the test, test administration, test scoring and the test takers. …
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Validity, Reliability and Accuracy
Our essay is, otherwise, based on: management, its five functions and its essence in various institutions. Management is an element that forms the core of many organizations or institutions. It is not restricted to large companies but also to small entrepreneurs and non- profit institutions. It possesses a large history of growth and improvement. Due to the modification and ever altering conceptualization of management, it has been perceived more largely. It, thus, is defined largely as comprising of five elements. Management can either be a science or an art of fulfilling common goals of a group through efficiency and effectiveness of utility of resources. The five elements are; planning, organizing, controlling, staffing and directing. In a case of absence of one of the pillars, management can become cumbersome and lead to eventual failure of an organization. This type of management usually involves strategic elements.Management shares vital elements of a group of people and resource utility. It is essential to note that management possesses different levels in such a way that other managers report to senior managers. Before discussing these five branches of management, it is important to look at few other elements of management or managers. This helps one conceptualize and understand the scope of management. To begin with, the roles of a manager cover three ideals. These roles provide the foundation for the five tasks of management. A manager is supposed to handle roles that concern the relationship and links of employees. In addition, a manager is supposed to carry out the roles of ensuring correct and timely information to the organization. Lastly, a manager should ensure rational and timely decision construction in the organization. Apart form those skills, management necessitates political skills in harnessing power and control. In addition, it requires conceptualization skills in understanding complicated situations. Moreover, it requires good personal relation skills and diagnostic skills in achieving the right response to difficult scenarios. The first pillar of management is planning. The art of planning, as applied to business environments, shares in its literal concept. It is the act of creating a plan and devising ways of accomplishing its components. It also shares in forecasting which the act of envisaging the future and creating a strategy to achieve certain tasks as per the prediction (Tibergien and Pommering 13). Planning involves formation of objectives and their particular strategies. A good plan should, however, be flexible to assist accompany contemporary situations. A good plan should also evaluate existing resources available to a given organization and realize whether those resources can pedal the objectives (Marquis and Houston 35). A good plan has, therefore, to be realistic. Closely related to this, a plan should focus on a realistic frame of time. The second element of management is organizing. Primarily, organizing, as applicable to organization, suggests activities of arranging various elements into a proper order. As applied to organizations, it covers minor functions of; delegation of work and specialization, goal focus, divisions and differentiation (Marquis and Houston 35). Division of work is the task of giving organization’s duty to the in an entity or to a given individual. When a given task is assigned to a single professional or an individual, then this aspect is referred to as specialization. Organization also encompasses
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(Validity, Reliability, and Accuracy Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Validity, Reliability, and Accuracy Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1441548-validity-reliability-and-accuracy.
To determine the efficacy of an intervention in preventing weight gain within the college freshman. Research design. This study was an ethnographic design. An ethnographic design is normally a qualitative method of research that is aimed towards understanding and learning certain phenomenon, which may reflect in one way, or another to the systems and knowledge that guides the life of a certain group.
Current judicial process and police investigative work does not give much weight to the use of forensic scientific methods in identifying suspects, making arrests, filing for the prosecution of the case and eventual conviction of the crime for the perpetrators. Eyewitness accounts and victims' reports were the prime sources of information.
The media loves and gives more prominence to stories that ‘bleed’, and a perfect way of achieving this is by exaggerating events and stories to attract more audience. The portrayal of abnormal psychology is one of the topics that have fallen prey to this behavior by the media.
The aspect of differences that exist in the works of Coyne and his group (2009), as well as Messina and his peers (2009), is premised on the fact that they both carry out different research studies, though these studies seek to identify, address and discuss matters that underpin the issuance of healthcare services and the operation of the healthcare sector.
This study is, therefore, comprised of two parts. The first part of the study identifies a sample population of females between the ages of 20 and 25, who experienced traumatic episodes of bullying between the ages of 9 and 12. In this part of the study, the females will participate in a survey in which they are asked to recall their most traumatic bullying experiences at this much earlier age.
In addition, writing such an assessment upfront will alleviate the potential for problems down the road. Students may, for example, become frustrated if an exam is perceived to be unfair. Much time may be spent after the exam with students questioning the very integrity of the assessment itself.
According to the report Articulated Thought Disputation (ATD) process is often used by medical professionals to mitigate the problems of dysfunctional thoughts. Individuals with dysfunctional thought are commonly identified to be unhappy and stressed due to ongoing ups and downs in their personal or professional life.
The researchers listed labored breathing, sweating and micro-facial expressions such as twitching at the corner of the eye, pursing lips, furrowing eyebrows, crying, smiling as the categories of physiological and