Benchmark Assessment Part I According to Race (2006), a learning disability impacts the way in which an individual processes information from his immediate environment and as a result is unable to learn from these experiences. While learning disabilities are generally attributed to learning difficulties especially among children, such inabilities can be found in any area of life, even among adults…
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In fact, he elaborates that such children need help in learning to do their own chores or paying closer attention to something important. Gates (2008) provides a more practical explanation to learning disability by saying that children with such difficulties cannot understand, learn, and communicate in comparison to other children. The normal procedure in which our brain processes information is extremely complex. In situations such as viewing an image or speaking, the brain has to process several tasks including retrieving information from memory, recognizing the data to transmit and processing the information to either store in memory or invoke the auditory parts for communication. Most of these activities occur at various locations in the brain, sometimes in a simultaneous fashion. The task of linking up and associating these various segments is the responsibility of our brain. In the case of people with learning disabilities, the only difference is with regards to the different manner in which their brains process information unlike the case with other individuals. Thomas (2003) says that people with learning disabilities are not handicapped or lazy. Instead, he contends that they tend to have at least an average level of intelligence. Their difficulties simply arise from the different ways in which their brains process information. A broader scientific explanation to this phenomenon is explained by the four stages of information processing (Input, Integration, Storage and Output) under which learning disabilities are categorized. While people with input disabilities have problems with visual and auditory perception, individuals with integration difficulties are unable to categorize and interpret information from the input stage based on previous learning. Some learning difficulties occur in the later stages due to issues in retaining long-term memory. Several cases of learning disability occur much later during the information-processing scenario due to factors like muscle inhibition and lack of necessary motor skills. Part II This section discusses some of the key aspects of learning disabilities in a student named Jessica. The subject is a first-year student at a community college and suffers from multiple learning disabilities. She has issues with maintaining attention over long periods of time and has a short attention span. As a result, she is easily distracted during classes at the slightest disturbances and has a hard time focusing on her lectures. Moreover, she suffers from memory loss and is known to frequently forget her assignments and books for classes. She also often forgets her class schedule and arrives late for lectures (Race, 2006). As a result, she has had to rely extensively on her calendar to ensure that she does not forget any important tasks. Further, Jessica has known issues with reasoning and perception and has faced difficulties in establishing realistic goals in her life. As a result, she feels depressed and underachieved. Specifically, Jessica is unable to solve problems in Mathematics or Science and finds it difficult to remember most of the formulas that are crucial for both subject areas. Despite her difficulties with the sciences, Jessica has demonstrated her talent at creativity and music on numerous occasions. While she has difficulties with
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“Benchmark Assessment Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1432218-benchmark-assessment.
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