StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Para Professionals' Role in Special Education - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Paraprofessionals’ Role in Special Education Name: University: Introduction The MN National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals defines a paraprofessional as an employee: Who works under the supervision of a professional staff/a teacher who holds the ultimate duty for education programs as well as related services’ design, implementation and evaluation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.8% of users find it useful
Para Professionals Role in Special Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Para Professionals' Role in Special Education"

Paraprofessionals’ Role in Special Education Introduction The MN National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals defines a paraprofessional as an employee: Who works under the supervision of a professional staff/a teacher who holds the ultimate duty for education programs as well as related services’ design, implementation and evaluation. It also defines him as an employee who is in an instructional position or who provides other indirect or direct services to both students and their family members (McVay, 2000). A paraprofessional is able to know a student better compared to anyone else. This is especially so if he/she is working with a student one-to-one. They therefore are significant teaching team members (Hultgren, 2004). Other names for a paraprofessional are teacher aides, educational technicians or paraeducators. In most cases, due to concern for the success of their children, parents require that a full-time paraprofessional be present (McVay, 2000). Recently, in numerous school systems, the use of paraprofessionals to help in special education services’ provision has been on the increase. One of the factors behind this increase is the economic factor as paraprofessionals provide are a cost effective service delivery models in meeting students with disabilities’ needs. Therefore, with proper training and supervision, paraprofessionals could offer a cost effective and efficient means of assisting students with disabilities. Actually, Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)-driven accountability factors, shortage of specialized teachers for special education, the special education services’ increased demands, and regular classroom placement/inclusion emphasis have greatly contributed to the mounting role of paraprofessionals.  This is particularly apparent in rural areas where cost-effective models for service delivery as well as efficiency of scale’s dynamics as it relates to teacher-student ratios while managing low incidence disabilities are peculiarly demanding (Breton, 2010). Hultgren (2004) notes that particularly with the presence of numerous children who require one-to-one assistance, paraprofessionals’ roles have become quite broad. She further notes that generally, paraprofessionals help with building classroom partnerships informal assessment, classroom organization, implementing objectives, carrying out lesson plans, and behaviour management. They do this by working with whole classes, small groups and individual children. They are quite often requested to gather information on skill acquisition and may be expected to present it at a PPT. Since the job of paraprofessionals is particularly so hard to define, supervisors sometimes expand their role, even while it is inappropriate, particularly if one is competent. At times, even if it is definitely not part of paraprofessionals’ job description, they are made to carry out the role of liaising between regular and special education systems. Regrettably, since they often know the children best, they may come to the realization that the regular education teacher, for example, does not know how to modify the child’s work. In that case, they may feel the necessity of going for advice from the special education teacher. At times, disagreements pertaining the special child’s abilities or needs may arise and paraprofessionals can in that case play the role of an advocate for the child. Only recently, paraprofessionals have taken the role of helping children to take part in included settings. As IDEA points out, they are deemed a supplemental aid (Hultgren, 2004). On being assigned to a teacher or a classroom to help students with disabilities, it is important that paraprofessionals are viewed as an aide for all students – thus, the teacher is allowed and encouraged to take ownership of each student in his/her class. It also offers a chance for additional support and instruction to all students as well as the teacher. Paraprofessionals usually help with such tasks as providing support for personal care as well as other physical needs, gathering materials, assisting interactions between students, adapting lessons under the guidance of the teacher, leading teacher-designed small group instruction, assisting students to complete the teacher’s directions, in addition to carrying out other, often concealed, but very vital tasks for the classroom community. The paraprofessional’s role changes as classrooms’ complexity changes (McVay, 2000). Paraprofessionals also play the vital role of linking schools and communities. The relationship between the community and the school greatly determines the functioning of the school. If a school employs paraprofessionals who are more similar to the families and students in the communities, this crosses the gap between primarily families of color, white students and teachers. Most paraprofessionals live in the geographical boundaries that the school serves, and they live amongst the students. This is often not the case with teachers. Additionally, they act as the key contact persons for families with children with the most striking disabilities. Since paraprofessionals spend considerable amounts of time with students with disabilities, they must communicate with their parents. They therefore provide valuable links with the communities where they work (French, 2004). Another role that paraprofessionals play is that of acting as a communication ‘link’ for a student to others in his/her environments. They may assist him/her communicate with adults as well as his/her peers in different ways. This mostly applies for students who use augmented communication in an education setting. For such students, paraprofessionals are often in charge of programming the terminology used with the augmentative communication device in different settings such as school-related social settings and specific classes. They have the role of ensuring that a student uses this device frequently and efficiently (McVay, 2000). It is important to note that although paraprofessionals play a vital role as part of the educational team, the law restraints them on their responsibilities. For instance, it does not permit them to assume absolute responsibility for students, to write programs without a certified personnel’s supervision, or to make new, alternative training without a certified personnel’s direction. At times when their role paraprofessional is not clear, paraprofessionals may actually act as a hindrance to the learning of students. It is therefore important to examine paraprofessionals’ role severally. Their role changes once a student can excel in the classroom following the development of peer supports. For some students however, a paraprofessional’s role will go on being a requisite. Nevertheless, with the development of accommodations and natural supports in addition to the student learning the new classroom practices in due course, their one-to-one interaction should decrease (McVay, 2000). Conclusion Apparently, paraprofessionals are an increasingly significant part in special education. This is especially so as special education services’ costs keep on increasing. However, as Breton (2010) indicates, contrary to the requirements of IDEA, most paraprofessionals regrettably generally receive minimal supervision and do not have adequate formal training to enable them instruct students with disabilities. It is therefore the role of local education school districts as well as states to ensure that paraprofessionals in special education receive suitable and quality supervision levels to enable them perform their duties (Breton, 2010). References Breton, W. (2010). Special Education Paraprofessionals: Perceptions of Preservice Preparation, Supervision, and Ongoing Developmental Training. International Journal of Special Education 25 (1), 34-45. French, N. K. (2004). Introduction to the Special Series. Remedial and special educ ation. 25(4), 203-204. Hultgren, S. (2004). The Paraprofessional Role. Retrieved from http://www.ct-asrc.org/docs/paraprof.pdf McVay, P. (2000). Paraprofessionals in the Classroom: What Role do they Play? Spring. 8(3), 1-4. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Para Professionals' Role in Special Education Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1425623-para-professionals-role-in-special-education
(Para Professionals' Role in Special Education Essay)
https://studentshare.org/education/1425623-para-professionals-role-in-special-education.
“Para Professionals' Role in Special Education Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1425623-para-professionals-role-in-special-education.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Para Professionals' Role in Special Education

An Overcorrection of Mary Magdalenes Biblical Role

A purely theological approach to DVC would be impossible since the claims the book makes takes issue with what has been supposedly left out of the bible. This essay will in no way attempt to question whether any non-canonical gospels should be considered; that sort of investigation should be left to historians.

As Brandon Gilvin states in Solving the Da Vinci Code Mystery, “It’s difficult to start a discussion on the creation of the bible from the Bible itself” (7). As the word of God is being questioned, it does us no good to turn to the Gnostic Gospels, the main sources of the claims of Mary Magdalene’s and Jesus’ marriage. In these texts, Mary Magdalene is the most mentioned person after...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Diversity in Education

There is a form of cultural imperialism that exists within countries and that is, arguably, destructive of personality and helps create school failure where success is possible. Moroccan children in Belgium, Turkish children in Germany, Pakistani and West Indian children in Britain, Algerian children in France, African-American, Hmong, and Latino children in the United States are alienated from their own cultures in their schools and learn to feel marginal to the mainstreams of thought and behavior in many of the communities in which they live. This type of cultural imperialism exists throughout the world, not merely in highly industrialized countries. It affects how Basarwa children are taught in Botswana's Kalahari Desert, how m...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Children and Young People's Reflections on an Education

The reforms have to be brought from the top side of a nation, whereby the government needs to take bold steps to promote it no matter how hard it is on their budgets. Similarly, child development is a very significant aspect in the times of today. There is immense importance which is given to this subject. (Nespor, 1997) The basis is backed up with sufficient data and research which goes a long in establishing the fact that child development indeed owes a lot of attributes on the part of the people who are related to the child – the parents and/or its guardians. The aspects of love and training at the same time holds true for their balance bringing up the regime and this without a shadow of a doubt is a significant thing to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Chilled Vehicles and Special Care of Products

Hiring another company or the third party to man the operations of the fleet of vehicles can put the company down. That would be like dealing with new employees who are not really working for the company, and who do not know our products. It will also be tantamount to revealing the secrets of our products and company that we have treasured all through the years. The best option is to work on the fleet of vehicles and get the right people to handle the operations. 
There are doubts as to the exact number of vehicles we have to purchase since these are all plans and some hypotheses. But we tried to scale down our output, made some estimates and inside surveys, and come out to some numbers, which were reached by calculating...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

School Social Worker in Special Education

Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).

Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

An Evaluation of the Role That the Principles of Behaviour Therapy Have to Play in Clinical Hypnosis

Hamburg (2006) first used this combined effort to treat two patients who were scared of dying. He uses his paper to encourage clinicians to refrain from not using their knowledge at the introductory classes of hypnosis but to go into it deeper. Many therapists at that time were taking the bold step of combining behavior therapy with hypnosis (Chaves, 2006). One group used hypnosis for desensitization therapy (Kirsch et al, 1995). However, there was general disagreement about the manner of hypnosis being employed and the methods of mentalist constructs. Chaves who strongly believed in the treatment combination used it as a base for many of his therapeutic interventions (Chaves, 1997a as cited in Chaves, 2006). The hypnotic therapy...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

Role of the Police and Private Security

...Report to the Legislator - Committee on Crime and Criminal Justice Congratulations on being appointed to the Committee on Crime and Criminal Justice. As a public servant you are holding a very responsible post that covers many areas of administration including the important role of providing security to the citizens of your constituency and to those individuals who visit it. This report will provide you with a clear picture on the role of security agencies with regard to homeland security. Many of the points mentioned here may be new or already known to you, but they are provided here in any case. It is common knowledge that apart from local and organized crime within the United States, the country is now facing new forms of threats like...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Mary Wollstonecraft on Education

Understanding that women are just as able as men in many capacities and some very important ways that she excels causes one to realize that no one should be able to take her rights away. It is the mother who gives protection for the initial nine months to the divine creative force of nature – regardless of whether the offspring is male or female. But what is prescribed in various secular and spiritual texts and what is practiced in society currently are contradictory. A female child is victimized during every step of her life, from the moment of birth, notwithstanding the fact that it is she who sacrifices at those stages. Women need to be the social, spiritual and legal equals of men. These were the arguments that Mary Woll...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Juvenile Delinquency and Education: A Comparison of Public and Private Education

...Juvenile Delinquency and Education Introduction and ment of the Problem The question of juvenile misbehaviour and crime was not taken seriously until modern times. It was till the eighteenth century that children were regarded as non persons. They were neither recognized nor received any special treatment from either the state or society. The concept of discipline was at most a violent treatment of reinforcing specific norms acceptable in society. Perhaps a reason for that was that child mortality rates were high. It was not considered feasible to form attachments with children. They were left up to nature and the survival of the fittest approach. However, at the end of the eighteenth century, the age of “The Enlightenment” brought about...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

...Management Theory and Practice in the early childhood education industry This Report applies management theory into practice in the early childhood industry, especially in the context of women leaders. Management issues play a significant role in the academic sector, because early childhood professionals need higher levels of motivation in order to avoid burnout . As pointed out in a study by Osgood and Halsall (2007) where they carried out research to examine the position of women in leadership or management positions, a “glass ceiling” exists for women in the academic setting, which could significantly impair motivation. Since many of the individuals employed in the early education sector are women, addressing this issue is even more...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Para Professionals' Role in Special Education for FREE!

Contact Us