What are the psychological and developmental differences between learning a first and second language - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Learning a second language is a similar method to learning a first language in that one undergoes developmental phases and depend on native speakers to give good comprehensible models of the language. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
What are the psychological and developmental differences between learning a first and second language
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"What are the psychological and developmental differences between learning a first and second language"

Download file to see previous pages Learning a second language is a similar method to learning a first language in that one undergoes developmental phases and depend on native speakers to give good comprehensible models of the language. This extraordinarily fast progress appears to ‘fly in the face’ of several acknowledged facts regarding the nature of language - so much so that it has turn out to be commonly recognized within the scientific society to consider language as well as learning as one of various totally unexplainable ambiguities that overwhelmed people in their lives on a daily basis. Even the cleverest of scientists in the present day do not know where to start with attempting to unravel the variety of intricacies that all of language carries. Nevertheless, the child moves forward, apparently with little regard to this alleged anonymity and continues with little effort to break the ‘revered system’. To begin with, parents give very little in the way of language training to the child; opposite to what some might accept as true, parents do not instruct their children to talk. The majority of parents would not even have the means in which to explain language clearly to a child even if they would like to do so. Actually, parents use the majority of time correcting falsehoods instead of correcting incorrect grammars. If someone is a casual observer, he would believe children grow-up being little lawyers trying to find out facts instead of little linguists trying to find out proper assumptions to their language. ...
By the time a child is 5 years old he has developed an intricate verbal language structure and can communicate his requirements, wants, feelings and emotions. However, there is still a long way to go. From the ages of 6 to 12 years, children carry on to make their verbal language more refined and become skilled at reading and writing for a range of contexts. Even as grown-ups, people carry on to develop the first language - including fresh expressions, developing more intricate reading, and writing expertise. Learning a second language is as well a continuing procedure. One can never actually declare that he is completely familiar with a language. Learning a second language is a similar method to learning a first language in that one undergoes developmental phases and depend on native speakers to give good comprehensible models of the language. However, several other factors have an effect on it, including what the first language is, how educated the individual is in his first language and the child’s approach to the new language and culture (O’Malley & Chamot, p. 129, 1990). Proficiency in the first language is very critical in developing proficiency in a second language. If the child can shift abilities from the first to the second language learning, the new language will be a lot simpler. These not just incorporate literacy abilities but also educational proficiencies, thinking skills, subject understanding and learning approach (Bhatia & Ritchie, p. 236, 2009). A lot of individuals believe that young children are the most excellent language learners. One of the huge benefits of younger language learners is that they develop outstanding accent skills; however, younger language learners run the threat of learning a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“What are the psychological and developmental differences between Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1416034-what-are-the-psychological-and-developmental
(What Are the Psychological and Developmental Differences Between Essay)
“What Are the Psychological and Developmental Differences Between Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1416034-what-are-the-psychological-and-developmental.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
My Account of Second Language Learning
...of second language among the students. There are various learning strategies from which second language teachers and learners could choose from in enhancing proficiency and Chamot (1987) talks of cognitive, metacognitive and social-affective strategies as the basic ones. The strategy to be chosen would be critical in the second language proficiency as Radwan (2011) established a linear relationship between the two. Cognitive strategy propagated my English proficiency. As a learner, I preferred being in a class during English lessons as I understood more with the teacher explaining as I listen and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Second Language Learning
...of interactional feedback and L2 development. In P. Robinson (Ed.), Individual differences and instructed language learning (pp. 181- 210). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Nabei, T. (2002). Recasts in classroom interaction: A teacher's intention, learner's attention, and second language learning .Unpublished doctoral dissertation ,University of Toronto, Canada. Niegorodcew A (2007), Input for instructed L2 Learners, Multilingual Matters Limited. Oliver, R. (2005). Negative feedback in child NS-NNS conversation. Child-to-Child Interaction and Corrective Feedback in a Computer Mediated L2 Class. Philp, J. (2003). Constraints...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Second Language
...Running head: inserts here. Q1) Talk about the importance of noticing in second language acquisition. How does the learner notice thelanguage they acquire. There are three main areas of consciousness which are associated with language learning. These include awareness, intention and knowledge. The first belief, awareness, encapsulates noticing. It has been noted that what is noticed is eventually the input for learning. To acquire considerable gains in language acquisition and learning, noticing has to be powerful and a pre requisite for effective learning. It has been noted by a lot of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
Current issues in second language learning
...differences between traditional methods of learning and teaching as opposed to constructivist systems is the lack of multiplicity of viewpoints, which is however prevalent and acceptable within the constructivist mode of learning. Therefore, adopting a constructivist style of learning and teaching may prove to be very beneficial in the realm of second language teaching where differences in culture and practices, grammatical tools and conversational techniques may be different and where such differences may have to be taken into account in the teaching process. Therefore,...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
Impact on second language learning
...Impact on second language learning 2007 Second language (2L) study is the biggest issue of schooling especially on the initial levels of study or forimmigrants coming and struggling with the language problems in a new country. Success in learning language depends on a number of factors, the most significant of which are age and sex, motivation and intelligence, learning strategies, and language learning styles. In this paper we are going to research personality factor which matters most in the successful language learning. As the researches show the L2 development involve the following factors: an innate capacity for acquiring language or Language Acquisition Device, containing the "universal" features found in all languages... and the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Principles of second language learning
...Principles of second language learning Introduction Learning a second language is an essential task to survive in today’s world. Learning the second language should start from the childhood because at a small age the learning abilities of a person are very good. Learning a second language not only enhances a person’s understanding ability but also helps him in a successful future. The advantages of being a bilingual are linguistic and metalinguistic abilities and cognitive elasticity such as idea formation, different thinking and general reasoning and verbal abilities. Today there are many jobs and different opportunities which either require or will benefit from a second language. A second language will always help you when you... are...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Second language acquisition: Differences between children and adults
.... According to Bley-Vroman’s Fundamental Difference Hypothesis (FDH) differentiates between first language acquisition and second language acquisitions since ‘post-critical-period adults’ cannot rely on the same ‘innate’ mechanism which guides infants in the first language (L1) development. Instead they rely on L1 knowledge and ‘domain-general problem-solving procedures in L2 learning’ along with individual differences in abilities. (Robinson, 2001) So according to the FDH theory there are child–adult differences in language...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Learning English as a Second language
...setting. My aim of studying English, as a second language was to enable me to communicate effectively with people beyond the boundaries of my first language. By learning English, I was assured a wider scope in my academics since I could use resources that use English as their instruction language. As a second language, English can be learnt in two basic methods. Firstly, the language can be learnt through acquisition. This method of learning English takes place through interaction with native speakers. The method also involves practicing and imitations whereby the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Explaining Second Language Learning
... experiences as it has proven to be effective in helping me reach my student ability. Cognitive theory has formed my experience as I have realized that there is interaction between languages and cognition. Language and cognition form interrelation through the way concepts are stored in long-term memory. Therefore, from this, I formed the experience that learners of second languages have a conscious mind with advanced fluency and competency of the first language, and this will orient their thinking, and speaking toward second language acquisition. Reference Lightbown, P. M. & Spada, N. (2012). How Languages are Learned. (4th. Ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. Chapter 4 Explaining Second Language Learning (pp. 103-122)... , & Spada,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Individual differences and second language acquisition
...Topic: Individual Differences and Second Language Acquisition s Lecturer’s Table of Contents Tableof Contents 2 Introduction 3 Factors affecting Individual Differences 3 Age 3 Learning Styles 4 Individual Motivation 5 Learning Strategies 6 Sex 7 Aptitude 8 Personality 8 Conclusion 9 References 10 Introduction The degree of second language acquisition relies on numerous factors that are shaped through nurture. Individual variations comprise of factors such as motivation levels, age, sex, personality, learning styles and learning strategies. These are the factors that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic What are the psychological and developmental differences between learning a first and second language for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us