Research Methodology: An Analysis of Mixed Method Research A Research Paper Name of of University Introduction The value of mixed method research is manifested on the reason researchers use them in their studies. With the abundance of research methodologies related to the quantitative and qualitative practices, why would some researchers try to merge them, or create new methods, to carry out mixed method research?…
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5). This statement implies that a combination of methodologies is superior to a single method. This research paper tries to determine the validity of this argument by reviewing the literature on research methodology. The three major approaches, quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method are analyzed and compared. Two mixed method research studies are selected and reviewed in order to justify the usefulness of mixed methods to educational, social, and behavioral research. Reviewing the Literature on Research Methodology For many years, the supporters of quantitative and qualitative research approaches have fervently debated about the superiority of one paradigm over the other. From these disputes, traditionalists have surfaced on both approaches. Quantitative traditionalists adopt theories and concepts that are compatible with positivism. Specifically, quantitative traditionalists argue that social phenomena should be studied like a physical occurrence (Hesse-Biber & Leavy, 2010). Moreover, they argue that the researcher is independent from the object of the study and believe that social science and educational research should be value-free and objective. The quantitative paradigm gives much importance to value-free or neutral assumptions claiming that sources of scientific findings can be identified in a valid and reliable manner. Qualitative traditionalists, on the other hand, disregard positivism. They believe in the supremacy of hermeneutics, humanism, relativism, and constructivism (Punch, 2009). They argue that the observer and the observed cannot be independent from each other, that objective or value-free assumptions are neither advantageous nor achievable, that research is subjective and value-laden, and that it is not possible to separate completely cause and effect. In addition, qualitative traditionalists are distinguished by an aversion to the passive, indifferent, and detached form of research, favoring instead a comprehensive, in-depth, and thick description. Tashakkori and Teddlie (2010) identified 1960s as the precise date of the development of mixed methods research. They also discovered a later combination of other quantitative and qualitative paradigms during the 1990s, which they referred to as ‘mixed models’ research. Afterward, Maxwell and Loomis introduced another perspective of mixed methods paradigm—combination of multiple methodologies. They explained that mixed methods are made up of not only quantitative and qualitative methodologies but also research questions, conceptual framework, objective or purpose of the research and validity techniques. They describe their model as an ‘interactive design’ composed of two fundamental aspects: the elements themselves and how these are interconnected (Tashakkori & Teddlie, 2010, 11). The framework of Maxwell and Loomis embodies a more qualitative view of mixed method research, highlighting specifically, holistic interpretation or analysis, context, and the way by which a specific mixture of qualitative and quantitative components work in actual practice, contrary to a more quantitative framework rooted in comparison and classification. Aliaga
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In this regard, it can be recommended that a mixed approach comprising qualitative and quantitative research methods can be appropriate for this proposed study. Moreover, in order to collect appropriate and adequate data both primary and secondary data collection methods can be adopted for this proposed study to reveal accurate and detailed findings.
The mixed method technique of research embodies single approach designs which is basically a research technique based on analyzing qualitative and quantitative data thus it assures the researcher of quality. Secondly, there is the mixed approach design which separates research
In practice, there are primarily three types of research methods used in collection of data and gathering of information pertaining to a study question under analysis. These three methods are qualitative, quantitative and mixed research methods. In essence, quantitative research is suitable in the collection and interpretation of variables.
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The author states that quantitative research methods are used when the research aims at expressing an opinion. This research method deals with numbers and provable results. It uses surveys and experiments when one seeks to establish the recurrence of objects or events. Quantitative research seeks to establish communication as a behavioral science.
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