Nobody downloaded yet

Early childhood studies/ explaining behaviour - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Introduction In a typical society, disposition and behaviour of an individual plays a major role in determining his or her socialization and interaction with the larger society. Every society has evident norms and values that define how a person should behave in various social contexts…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Early childhood studies/ explaining behaviour
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Early childhood studies/ explaining behaviour"

Download file to see previous pages In cultural context, any behaviour that contradicts the established norms and values is considered as challenging (Wearmouth, et al 2004). This paper is critical examination of challenging behaviour and it comprises of two sections. The first section is a literature review examining the causes and responses to challenging behaviour. The second section is a critical assessment of the current policies for challenging behaviour with focus on the underlying theories. Challenging behaviour has various definitions and Boylan and Wallace (2009, p63) argue that it refers to “the conduct or manners that are abnormal in relation to the culture in which the person in question comes from”. Emerson (2001:p6) define challenging behaviour as “any recurring pattern of behaviour that interferes with optimal learning or engagement with prosocial interactions with peers or adults.” Similarly, Emerson (2001) defines challenging behaviour from cultural deviant perspective. According to Emerson (2001, p9), challenging behaviour is “a culturally deviant conduct with powerful intensity or frequency capable of disrupting the physical safety of the affected individual and or others”. Such behaviour could be so disruptive that it inhibits or denies the affected person from using or accessing the facilities and amenities provided for use in the community. Challenging behaviour manifests itself in various forms including unwarranted destructive conduct and high tendency to inflict self-injuries. In addition, individuals demonstrating the behaviour do not comply with the established rules and they show elevated stereotyped conduct. Moreover, people afflicted with the condition demonstrate bizarre sexual conduct and manner that are contradictory to normal and socially accepted behaviour. In summary, challenging behaviour is characterised by socially unacceptable conduct that includes inclination towards violence, destruction, and withdrawal from others (Ayers, Clarke, and Murray, 2000). Various theories have been used to explain the causes of challenging behaviour including behaviourist, psychodynamic, social learning theory among others. Behaviourist theoretical perspective holds that the behaviour demonstrated by an individual is a direct response to the applied stimuli (Clements and Martin 2002). Thus the theory emphasises on the critical role that external environment plays in reinforcing particular behaviour in people. In respect to challenging behaviour, behaviourists argue that it is a learned response arising from failure to meet the needs of the child. Therefore, children with unfulfilled necessities behave in a manner that elicits a response to meet the need. A person who needs stimulation and interaction with others but lack the necessary skills to initiate a relationship may find the attention that emanates from aggression and other behaviours that characterize challenging behaviour (Cromby and David, 1999). Thus, in behaviourist view, attention seeking and lack of appropriate interactive skills are main causes of challenging behaviour. Various factors could contribute to the exaggerated attention seeking behaviour, including assigning the child a complicated task that becomes challenging to manage, which could result to frustrations or boredom. Haynes (2005) argues that attention-seeking behaviour could also be learned through the various developmental stages of the child as a mechanism of obtaining what they ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Early childhood studies/ explaining behaviour Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Early Childhood Studies/ Explaining Behaviour Essay)
“Early Childhood Studies/ Explaining Behaviour Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Early Childhood Studies
The paper will discuss the author’s idea which is supported by relevant reading. The second part of the paper is a biography which also looks at what other scholars think about the topic being discussed by Grady in this particular book. This section tries to discuss critically the ideas and myths pertaining to language acquisition that are suggested by different authors.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Early Childhood
Early Childhood “Language, we may say, grow with human thought.” (Montessori, 1995). Maria Montessori believes people naturally want to communicate because human beings are social creatures. This is the reason why children have a natural urge for language.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Childhood Disorders
Presence of these perspectives is largely due to varying views on the process of child development adopted by proponents of different psychological schools. The nature vs. nurture dispute in aetiology of childhood disorders revolves around one basic question, namely which factors are more influential in the process of mental development of an child: the biological or genetic makeup of a person (nature) or the upbringing and parenting style and other environmental factors (nurture) (Knowlton, 2005).
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Early Childhood
Hence all those parties that deal with children can be of great importance in provision of information that can assist in elevating the position of the children, when pooled in an initiative that aims to solve the problems associated with children. This means that their collaboration in initiatives that aim to upraise the level of development and educational standards of the children would yield diversified information that can prove highly effective in taking care of the needs of the children.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
d the most obvious outcome of the efforts is the fact that human behaviour is overwhelmingly complex, and there are only few areas that can be understood with an acceptable degree of accuracy. Therefore, each perspective that claimed to discover the determinants of human
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Early Childhood Studies- Social work : Practices and Issues
Some of the common problems that social workers help individuals deal with include relationship problems within and outside the family, life threatening diseases, mental and physical disabilities and general social problems like poverty, lack of employment, drug addiction,
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Explaining behaviour
It is a common observation that the success of every man as a genus is the result of brain evolution which has guided the ability to
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Early Childhood Studies
The purpose of this essay is to examine the journey through which the development of special education in the UK has thrived through. It will involve an evaluation of the background and history of special needs education and how it has changed over the years due to changes in policies and perceptions of Britain.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Foundation Early childhood studies
Thus, it is prudent that children be given utmost care in their tender age as the early foundation is important as it determines what the child will grow up to be (Barbarin & Wasik, 2009). For instance, if children are brought up in an
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Foundation Early childhood studies
Therefore, to ensure full implementation and effectiveness, a curriculum was developed to facilitate early childhood language skills and some vocabulary. International evidence indicates that there is a wide income-gap in readiness for
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Early childhood studies/ explaining behaviour for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us