The report will cover the following: principal ingredients to achieve a UK patent; value of a patent as compared to design copyright; design copyright without full patent; modular design principles and the prefabricated building solutions; un-patentable designs or unworthy of achieving a full patent…
Download file to see previous pages...
From the research it can be comprehended that a patent refers to a licence, which is awarded to an individual or organisation, by a government body, to assert the person’s right to deter others from making, selling or using an invention. As more and more inventions occur each day, the government saw it fit to enact patent laws to prevent or reduce cases of conflict between persons regarding the production and utilisation of an object. Patents are internationally recognized as intellectual properties held by a person, which allows rights to be bestowed upon a single individual internationally. Ideally, patents are granted to inventors or to their assignees for a set duration of time and they require that the inventor publicises the invention. International agreements offer a bridge between different countries’ patent laws and protect inventors from global competition. For instance, the World Trade Organisation (WTO) established the agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPs) to protect inventors in its member countries. This institution mainly focuses on invention in the industrial sector. The WTO provides for international harmonization of patents among different nations. For instance, under article 33 of the WTO TRIPs agreement, the protection duration for all patents is a minimum of twenty years. This offers an international benchmark for exemplifying the term of a patent. (Bettig, 2003). Patents have been in existence for the last few centuries beginning in Sybaris, a Greek city in 500 BC, where national leaders offered encouragement to those who invented refinements in luxury. Here, patents were awarded for one year, and all revenue emanating from the invented object was bestowed upon the inventor. In England, the first patent was awarded in the mid-fifteenth century by King Henry VI in favour of John of Utynam for his invention of how to make coloured glass. This first patent was covered for a period of twenty years. However, modern patent laws heralded in 1474, in Venice where a decree was passed requiring public announcements of new and inventive objects put into practiced in order to deter others from using the object. England, under the rule of King James I, followed suit in 1624 by establishing the statute of monopolies, which asserted that only projects of new inventions could be awarded patents (Sherman & Bently, 1999). Different types of patents exist in different nations globally. Business method patents protect the ideas of new ways of conducting business, computer program patents or software patents cover inventions of computer programs and applications, industrial design patents protect inventions of visual, industrial objects, etc. Under the WTO, patents should be awarded to individuals for a period of at least twenty years, during the course of which the inventor receives full profits from the invention. In earlier days, grants referred to as letters of patent were made by monarchs pursuant to royal privileges. The word “patent” emanates from the Latin word “patere”, which means to lay open; making available to the public. Principal Ingredients to Achieve a UK Patent As earlier noted, the patent laws required differ from one nation to another. The UK has its own unique requirements for patents, but also shares some international ones provided under the WTO (WICO, 2003). Under UK law, patents are protected under the Patent Act, 1977, which was established by the then parliament and enacted by the Queen of England to institute new laws of patents that would be appropriate for future applications and give mandate to some international laws on patents. Under this law, a clear definition of patent is offered, as well as ingredients to achieve UK patents. The chief ingredients include, first, speak to the nature of patentable inventions. In order to achieve a UK patent, the invention has to fulfil certain guidelines. First, the invention must be new, meaning
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/design-technology/1394947-modular-design-and-prefabrication-solutions-realising-patent-value
(Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value Dissertation)
“Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value Dissertation”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/design-technology/1394947-modular-design-and-prefabrication-solutions-realising-patent-value.
Up to a certain level, U.K. construction companies tended towards offsite construction; however, looking back to the supposed rise of volumetric and hybrid construction methods, limited involvement was observed onwards.
The paper elicits important themes from latest research to illustrate modular construction, sustainability, prefabrication and the impact of modular construction and prefabrication on the construction industry. Reports on sustainability of the construction industry illustrate further the impact of modular construction and prefabrication.
We will be exploring the advantages and benefits of Smart Meters and the widespread acceptance of them by various governments and power corporations/ power distribution agencies across the globe. Data will be presented from numerous studies on the Smart Meter and its effectiveness will be showcased.
According to reports SMEs contribute significantly towards the total GDP of a country and are also responsible for generating large number of employment opportunities. The definition of SME however differs from one country to the other. In simple terms the criteria for a company to fall in the category of SMEs differs from one country to the other (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation, 2004).
Analysis 9 3.1. Innovation from a Marketing Perspective 9 3.2. Nature and Importance of Design and Innovation in Insurance 10 3.3. Organisational Theory 12 4.0. Conclusion 16 References 17 Bibliography 22 1.0. Introduction In the current financial dispensation, insurance has captured centre stage of the world troubled financial economy, and has shown impressive growth worldwide.
1.2 Purpose The major intention of DoS attacks is to hinder legitimate users from accessing the resources that they should be allowed to. It has been argued that DoS attacks usually consumes software bugs to crash a service or network resource or even bandwidth limits by flooding attacks to saturate all bandwidth.
Page 4 2.2 The reasons for positioning the brand in Australia…………….Page 4 2.3 The Quantification of Market ………………………………….Page 5 2.4 The Purchasing Mechanism ……………………………………Page 5 3.1 The SWOT Analysis……………………………………………Page 6 3.2 TOWS Matrix………………………………………………… Page 8 4.
According to the report the mechanisation of some of the process have helped to expedite the operations again at an increased cost of materials. All these aspects lead to a question of exploring suitable methods to explore sustainable construction process in the country. Various innovative approaches that make the housing construction more efficient.
Housing in the UK has seen tremendous growth since the dawn of the twenty-first century (Dominic Fenn, 2005i). Alongside, the increase in the number of buildings in the commercial front has also seen tremendous growth making it clear that the construction industry is one of the critical business sectors in the UK.
Job opportunities, reduction in poverty, earnings, development of rural areas as well as exports and entrepreneurship are affected positively by SME and global leaders such as China and the US have developed bureaus and created policies with the aim of ensuring that SMEs become successful.
16 Pages(4000 words)Dissertation
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value for FREE!