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Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value - Dissertation Example

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The report will cover the following: principal ingredients to achieve a UK patent; value of a patent as compared to design copyright; design copyright without full patent; modular design principles and the prefabricated building solutions; un-patentable designs or unworthy of achieving a full patent…
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Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value
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Modular Design and Prefabrication Solutions: Realising Patent Value

Download file to see previous pages... From the research it can be comprehended that a patent refers to a licence, which is awarded to an individual or organisation, by a government body, to assert the person’s right to deter others from making, selling or using an invention. As more and more inventions occur each day, the government saw it fit to enact patent laws to prevent or reduce cases of conflict between persons regarding the production and utilisation of an object. Patents are internationally recognized as intellectual properties held by a person, which allows rights to be bestowed upon a single individual internationally. Ideally, patents are granted to inventors or to their assignees for a set duration of time and they require that the inventor publicises the invention. International agreements offer a bridge between different countries’ patent laws and protect inventors from global competition. For instance, the World Trade Organisation (WTO) established the agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPs) to protect inventors in its member countries. This institution mainly focuses on invention in the industrial sector. The WTO provides for international harmonization of patents among different nations. For instance, under article 33 of the WTO TRIPs agreement, the protection duration for all patents is a minimum of twenty years. This offers an international benchmark for exemplifying the term of a patent. (Bettig, 2003). Patents have been in existence for the last few centuries beginning in Sybaris, a Greek city in 500 BC, where national leaders offered encouragement to those who invented refinements in luxury. Here, patents were awarded for one year, and all revenue emanating from the invented object was bestowed upon the inventor. In England, the first patent was awarded in the mid-fifteenth century by King Henry VI in favour of John of Utynam for his invention of how to make coloured glass. This first patent was covered for a period of twenty years. However, modern patent laws heralded in 1474, in Venice where a decree was passed requiring public announcements of new and inventive objects put into practiced in order to deter others from using the object. England, under the rule of King James I, followed suit in 1624 by establishing the statute of monopolies, which asserted that only projects of new inventions could be awarded patents (Sherman & Bently, 1999). Different types of patents exist in different nations globally. Business method patents protect the ideas of new ways of conducting business, computer program patents or software patents cover inventions of computer programs and applications, industrial design patents protect inventions of visual, industrial objects, etc. Under the WTO, patents should be awarded to individuals for a period of at least twenty years, during the course of which the inventor receives full profits from the invention. In earlier days, grants referred to as letters of patent were made by monarchs pursuant to royal privileges. The word “patent” emanates from the Latin word “patere”, which means to lay open; making available to the public. Principal Ingredients to Achieve a UK Patent As earlier noted, the patent laws required differ from one nation to another. The UK has its own unique requirements for patents, but also shares some international ones provided under the WTO (WICO, 2003). Under UK law, patents are protected under the Patent Act, 1977, which was established by the then parliament and enacted by the Queen of England to institute new laws of patents that would be appropriate for future applications and give mandate to some international laws on patents. Under this law, a clear definition of patent is offered, as well as ingredients to achieve UK patents. The chief ingredients include, first, speak to the nature of patentable inventions. In order to achieve a UK patent, the invention has to fulfil certain guidelines. First, the invention must be new, meaning ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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