GIS design and technology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The intention of the current study is Geographical Information System (GIS) that was developed to be a technological tool which can be used to understand the geography of the world and make decisions which are both logical and intelligent. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
GIS design and technology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "GIS design and technology"

Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that Geographical Information System (GIS) was created with the ability to assemble, analyze, manipulate, update, store and display information which has been geographically referenced according to the location of the data. For it to function it requires a vast amount of data hence making the projects which use GIS very expensive. Its data originate from images of satellites, maps, GPS data from survey an all other instruments which can attribute data. Before the development of Internet GIS large amount of data of different field like road networks, sewer lines, telecommunication lines and natural resources were useless as they were available in large unorganized states which makes them hard to retrieve and analyze. The creation of GIS solved this problem hence the organization of GIS databases which had all the information needed. Elangovan attributes GIS development is to different disciplines like databases, computer science, computer mapping, Computer Aided Design, remote sensing, geography, Cartography and many more. Different discipline had different functions in the GIS. Databases is used to store, manipulate and retrieval of the data. Computer mapping is used to create maps in the computer while the remote sensing is used to take satellite images. Through the combination of these and other disciplines the GIS emerged a super field which is very helpful. The development of GIS can be generally grouped into four stages of development according to Elangovan (2006, p.10). Between 1960 and 1975 there was introduction of the GIS concept. Due to this fact only few people used in mainframe computers. In between 1973 and early 1980s though many experiment and practice were done, there was little information as individuals were the one doing the research hence duplication of work. There was development of many GIS software between 1982 and late 1990s. This improved the growth of GIS. The last stage is between 1990 and 2000. In this stage there was standardization of the GIS due to the easy availability of software both for ensuring user friendliness and for a platform for working. After 2000 GIS had multi use like virtual reality, mobile mapping and web based GIS. Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965 was successful in the creation of processing of graphic data through computer aid. This fastened the development of GIS. Agencies in USA, Canada and the UK started using the GIS for the processing of large data amounts. The first to use GIS was the Canada government. The Canadian government used the GIS for management of land and other resources. The US government used the GIS for Geographical Retrieval and Analysis System (GIRAS) which is used to analyze data on the use of land and land cover. In 1970s the Swedish bank on land data used the GIS to make the registration of land and properties automatic. After the development of Geographical Information Mapping and Management System (GIMMS) by the University of Minnesota, in 1963, there was publishing of the Atlas of Britain through the use of information in the GIS. It was printed by the Bickmore and his team of cartography. In 1970 there was publishing of the first multicolour map in Britain. The production of commercial GIS was done by the Harvard Graphic labs in 1970. There was also creation of many cartographic packages like GIMMS, GRID, GEOMAP and MAP. Between 1970s and 1980s there was development of many GIS packages. In 1975 after the first academic meeting about GIS in the UK there was release of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“GIS design and technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/design-technology/1394429-answering-questions
(GIS Design and Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/design-technology/1394429-answering-questions.
“GIS Design and Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/design-technology/1394429-answering-questions.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF GIS design and technology

GIS

...? GIS GIS Introduction The quality of data in relation to GIS processing has in the recent past raised a lot of concerns especially among GIS specialists. This is as a result of the GIS software influx in the market and the increased use of GIS technology in varied decision making and problem solving roles resulting to a lot of scrutiny with regards to its quality and reliability. The main area of concern about GIS is its relative error in its methodologies. This has led to the coming up with several recommendations that are practical which assist in the location of sources of possible errors and define the data quality. Sources of errors in GIS can be classified into operational and inherent, with the two responsible for reducing... for...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

GIS Acquisition

.... If fundamental different approaches are included in the preliminary design models, for instance, centralized systems versus distributed systems, analyzing cost benefit analysis are essential. The activities that are involved in cost benefit analysis are: Estimating all the cost Identification of all benefits Evaluation of economic value for irrefutable profit Evaluating impact on the staff and organization Evaluating Risk Examining results The implementation cost for the GIS includes acquisition and maintenance for software, hardware, maintenance, data capture, and training. The highly qualified staff is required for management of systems, programming, support, operation of applications, and preparation...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Gis mobile

..., and Services ). To examine the performance and accuracy in a specific area of Sliema in an effective way, these devices may come up with a question along with hypothesis. Collaboratively the group has decided on a question stating that the measurement of variability for satellite station amounts concluding that each individual GPS device implementation on various sample sites along with the features of whether the sample sites impede with the reception. AS GPS is defined as, “The Global positioning system is a satellite based radio navigation system provided by the United States department of defense. It provides unequalled accuracy and flexibility in positioning for navigation, surveying and GIS data collections. GPS...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Design Information Technology Assignment

..., leaving out no cable. It effected on flip-USB connector, giving it its name. The flip had few buttons, did not require a CD for its software for it was embedded in the camcorder itself. This was among the design example of simplicity that gained the market among others that existed such as the VW Beetle and Twitter. This brings out how simplicity finds a popular audience due to reliability, as well as, being easy to use. They leave the users attracted to them. Hence, they usually get many surprising ways. This is one of the most advanced technologies that has brought up creation of powerful yet simple products. In creating complexities, when one side fails it may cost more to change everything in a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

GIS is Dead. Long live GIS

...be traced back to hundreds of year, in the disciplines of mapping and cartography (Pacione 1999). In a technological context, GIS came to life at sometime in the 60s (Davis 2007). Hence, in an academic context, it is really interesting to trace the development and origins of GIS. The eventual development of GIS happened to be the result of the interest evinced by some key companies, groups and individuals backed by the prompt emergence of key concepts (Monmonier 1998). The onset of computer technology accompanied by commensurate developments in graphics and hardware gave way to much change in the cartographic analysis (Wood & Demko 1999). This was...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

GIS is dead: long live GIS Discuss

...business promoters who lack the real sense of ethics. Substandard development of such products cost the grace of the original purpose of GIS and as a result, many of the users have come down to a stage where they compare the spatial data with computer aided designs. However, GIS data is still prominent in wide areas of developmental activities like forestry and township designing because the users are after a general tendency of running after the shortcuts rather than studying the actual facts about the locations themselves. The Scope of GIS From the angle of technology, GIS has already found its domineering position in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Design and Technology

... Design and Technology Lettering Design mostly involves drawings, but text must also be used to successfully communicate. In design and technology, lettering is an important element that contributes to the communication in the design and technology filed. The letters used in design have to follow standard, be applicable and understandable by all since design is supposed to be a universal method by which communication in the engineering field is accomplished (Little and Clive 281). Lettering in design involves basic use of common universally acceptable letters in representing various elements of design in words and universally accepted standards involving the alphabet. Lettering in the technical and design field is done by the use... of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Technology and design industry

...Throughout the past decade the industry of design has continued its assimilation of digital technologies. Reasons for using digital solutions lie clearly on the surface: they are cheap to use, easy to control, and offer unmatched quality. Design has become cheaper and essentially the market has grown significantly. "500,000 jobs were classified by the Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS) as "designers" or related titling in the year 2000. This was an increase of over 200% from the Graphic Artists Guild survey reports of the mid-1980s" (Carlson 2003). Thus, the industry is thriving with the help of technology. At the same time graphic...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Design, Technology and Literacy

...Design, Technology and Literacy The visual arts has a power to captivate peoples' senses, from developing infants fascinated with bright colours to the elderly using it to express their current mood and positive self-perception. With the many associated impact and influence of visual arts, it has evolved to fit the particular need, of a shop that needs a subdued signage, to billboards that target fast passing vehicle passengers, and of course, the various forms of advertising and marketing communication. The creative arts have spawned unparalleled universal knowledge through use of visual graphics, design and technology. In fact, today, it is also widely acknowledge that design as a pedagogical activity contributed to futuristic... of...
17 Pages(4250 words)Essay

Design and Technology

...Design and Technology Design and Technology Phase My is …………………..studying technology and design at EasternKentucky University. As my course demands, I am supposed to survey an infrastructural facility that fits to the 18 U.S. Critical Infrastructure Sectors. After analysis of the surrounding environment, I decided to use your facility for my study since it met the requirements stipulated in the course. Given the nature of your baking system, I found this environment ideal as it will help me in attaining the course requirement. I am here to request for your permission and assistance in conducting a security survey on your facility. It will...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic GIS design and technology for FREE!

Contact Us