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Multicultural Career Counseling - Essay Example

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The writer of this essay highlights that there are a great many elements of career counseling that can universally related to individuals, it's always necessary for the counseling professional to alter the counseling process to the client's particular needs and personal background…
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Multicultural Career Counseling
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Download file to see previous pages When one considers that in the next decade minority populations will continue to rapidly increase, the subsequent need to understand this shift in terms of the 21st-century workforce and career counseling process is abundantly clear. As a result, it's necessary for career counselors to familiarize themselves with the various cultural backgrounds of the individuals they are attempting to help. When one considers that in the next decade minority populations will continue to rapidly increase, the subsequent need to understand this shift in terms of the 21st-century workforce and career counseling process is abundantly clear. As a result, it's necessary for career counselors to familiarize themselves with the various cultural backgrounds of the individuals they are attempting to help. 

When considering various theoretical approaches to multicultural career counseling one of the predominant issues is the question of the overarching paradigmatic approach. Two of the varying approaches have been the universal and the emic approach, with the emic approach contending that clients should be considered in terms of their cultural background. In these regards, the career counselor must be cognizant of the ways that the complex interaction of race, discrimination, and culture influence and affect the helping relationship. Conversely, the universal approach functions through emphasizing universal human elements between the client and the counseling professional; in this context, the great emphasis is placed upon the counselor/client relationship and shared worldviews. The universal approach is also highly influenced by Rogerian concepts of empathic understanding. Other theorists have attempted to integrate the universal and etic approaches. For instance, Leong (1993) utilizes a tripartite personality approach that considers universal features of humanity and individual elements that consider the individual's cultural background in the counseling process In these regards, it's important for career counselors to switch between the various dimensions while working with an individual from a different cultural background. Other theorists acknowledge the differences in the counseling approaches and argue career professionals should be trained in both traditional and multicultural models (Evans, Larrabee 2002). Ultimately, while there are considerable factors that divide clients and professionals from different ethnic backgrounds, Paniagua (as cited in Bryan 2007, pg. 99) states, “the factors which appear to have the most impact upon treatment outcome are counselors sincerity and sensitivity.”  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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