Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The Recognition of the Faces - Article Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This essay analyzes that skin color is the primary racial maker in the 1700’s and till date categorizing faces into different races is mainly based on the color of the skin. Studies have shown that people tend to differentiate those from their own racial group and faces…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
The Recognition of the Faces
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "The Recognition of the Faces"

The Recognition of the Faces
Carolus Linnaeus had suggested that skin color is the primary racial maker in the 1700’s and till date categorizing faces into different races is mainly based on the color of the skin. Studies have shown that people tend to differentiate those from their own racial group and faces from other racial groups recognize faces based on their skin color. This is attributed to an initial categorization of faces based on racial markers by which people identify those from their own more easily compared to those from other racial groups which is generally referred to as the other-race effect (ORE). However, whether skin color is the major contributing for the ORE has not yet been experimentally determined. In this article, the skin color of African and Caucasian faces was manipulated without changing the facial features and face-recognition task was employed to determine whether own-race and other-race recognition depended on skin color or facial features.
The research design involved the identification of a set of faces in the initial task and these faces where then manipulated and in the test phase the participants were presented with both the old and new faces and were required to press a key to identify an old and the new face. Recognition of the faces presented constitutes the dependent variable of the study while skin color and facial features are the independent variables. 48 Caucasian students participated in the task and in the initial task they were shown 16 faces in random order. This was followed by the test phase in which the 16 old faces and the 16 new faces were shown again in random order. The total faces presented were 64 chromatic pictures with 16 original African and 16 original Caucasian faces and 16 whitened African and 16 blackened Caucasian faces. All of the faces were obtained from the Tel Aviv face database with females constituting about half of the faces in each category. All the external features of the faces were cropped and the skin color conversion was carried out by extracting the red-green-blue values (RGB) taken from 16 coordinates on each face that was to be converted and they were matched at the same coordinates of the other-race face. This was followed by filtering and color-curve adjustment to complete the color conversion and all the procedures were carried out through Adobe Photoshop CS2 software.
The four versions created were presented to each participant only once in the initial study and test phase of the task and each face was shown as either old or new and were assigned to the phases based on an average distinctiveness rating obtained from a previous study. The statistical methods employed included proportion-correct response for each of the four face categories and ANOVA using the factors skin color and facial features. The results revealed that the Caucasian participants could remember Caucasian faces with while skin color to a better extent than Caucasian faces with black skin color. Such a result was not obtained with regard to African faces. Better recognition results were obtained for facial features as the participants were able to recognize faces with Caucasian features and black skin color than those with African features.
In conclusion, the study revealed that in the case of ORE facial features play a more prominent role in face recognition compared to skin color. Though own-race feature recognition was reduced by skin color to some extent it did not increase the other-race face recognition. Hence despite the general notion that skin color alone play a major role in differentiating faces as belonging to own-race and other-race, face recognition primarily depends on facial features and skin color is only a secondary component.
Bar-Haim, Y., Saidel, T., & G. Yovel. (2009). The role of skin color in face recognition. Perception, 38: 145-148. doi:10.1068/p6307.
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Recognition of the Faces Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Recognition of the Faces Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“The Recognition of the Faces Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Recognition of the Faces

Face Recognition

...? Face Recognition: Factors in Cognitive Psychology Human social interaction is strongly based on their ability to recognize others, and identify known individuals from unknown ones, and recognize those who are friendly from those who are not. Witnesses to crimes are often asked to recognize individuals from a line – up who may be associated with the crime scene; a condition that relies heavily on the ability of the witness to recognize the right individual without error. Given the value of being able to recognize faces, both at the individual level, and at the social level; research in cognitive sciences has helped in understanding the principles that affect this process and the problems and errors that are likely to be committed. Face...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Faces of Power

... College: Faces of Power The nature of power is a social structure where the power itself is the ability to acquire what aperson wants; basically, different forms of power have dissimilar objects and pathologies. Moreover, power can be broken down into different forms i.e. the destructive power – a structure involving threats and this is clearly depicted by how the defensive forces of any country act, Productive power – structure that entails making and creating e.g. exchange and trade, and the integrative power that involves creating of new relationships that encourage togetherness (Dahl, 1961, 7). Significantly, any face or form of power has its advantages and disadvantages and it is up to the people in power to identify them and weigh...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Speech Recognition

...Speech Recognition Speech Recognition Goes Here al Affiliation Goes Here Speech Recognition Introduction Computer technology has grown from a curiosity in the 1960's to an indispensable tool today. This technological innovation is used in just about every sector of the business, education, and the military world. Usage of this technology has become a required basic skill in the working world. Interacting with computer technology was designed after the typewriter which used a keyboard to operate hammer like devices with alphabetical, numerical, or punctuation types. At the time usage of a keyboard interface seemed a logical choice. But, normal human interaction does not use this type of interface. Normal human interaction is verbal...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Face Recognition

...FACE RECOGNITION Face recognition is chiefly used in forensic science. The technicalities in recognition process are the ongoing research modalities. The use of face recognition in judiciary involves both the identification part of the process and the confidence part of the eye witness. The relation between the accuracy and confidence are being subjected to many research. Researchers have commonly accepted the fact that accuracy and confidence are loosely tied with one another. The purpose of this paper is to identify any more factors to be included in the optimality hypothesis so that the hypothesis can be put in to further tests. Thirty two students viewed face stimuli consisting 36 photographs during study phase and 76 photographs...
9 Pages (2250 words) Essay

Revenue Recognition

...Memo After a careful analysis and review of our accounting methods, and comparing them with the upcoming requirements and implications of the emerging issues task force EITF 00-21: Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables I have decided that we should modify our accounting and revenue recognition practices to better conform to the pronouncements and procedures established by EITF 00-21. As you already know the early adoption of the recommended practices under the new proposal, will boaster the company’s image and reputation in the industry by demonstrating an enhanced level of seriousness and professionalism not necessarily established by our competition. Although it may initially seem counterintuitive to adopt the practices...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Product recognition

...Product Recognition Background: Colgate is a product for oral care specially designed by Colgate-Palmolive Company. It is an American company which has focused on catering the needs of the consumers through the production of its multiple products in the line of personal, household and healthcare spheres (Colgate, 2012). Colgate toothpaste is segmented into different products; each product is uniquely formulated to cater the need of the consumers. Colgate toothpastes can be classified as: Colgate Dental Cream Colgate Total 12 Colgate Sensitive Colgate Max Fresh Colgate Kids Toothpaste Colgate Fresh Energy Gel Colgate Herbal Colgate Cibaca Family Colgate Active Salt Our Product: Colgate Max Fresh is one of the most uniquely formulated...
2 Pages (500 words) Research Paper

Revenue Recognition

... Revenue Recognition Revenue is an important aspect to individuals who use financial ments. Revenue is used in assessing the performance of the company. In the United States of America, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and International Financial Reporting Standards are different (Bonham 2008). Current proposed standards are in line with the goals of standardizing revenue recognition. In the United States, GAAP consists of wide revenue concepts and various requirements for numerous industries or transactions. The transactions can be the same economically but results to different accounting. International Financial Reporting Standards don’t have many requirements on revenue recognition. IAS 18 and IAS 11 are international accounting...
1 Pages (250 words) Assignment

Revenue Recognition

...Revenue recognition of Table of Contents Historical development of financial accounting theory 3 Current Generally Accepted Accounting Principles 5 Compare and contrast U.S. GAAP and IFRS in respect to revenue recognition 7 Identification of problem areas and requisite changes 8 Conceptual framework for financial reporting and qualitative characteristics of useful information 10 1.Relevance 10 2.Faithful representation 11 3.Comparability and consistency 11 4.Understandability 11 Recommended course of action 11 References 13 Bibliography 14 Historical development of financial accounting theory Prior achieving a clear understanding and meaningful insight in the historical development of financial accounting theory, it is important...
13 Pages (3250 words) Research Paper

Three Faces of Eve

... In the movie “The faces of Eve” the main heroine Eve White is suffering from dissociative identity disorder. It becomes evident when her personality splits into two which are symbolically called Eve White and Eve Black. The protagonist, Eve White, is a humble, traditional and a very reserved housewife. Her role of a mother and a wife and her conservative education serve as limits for her self-expression. However, unexpectedly for herself she starts suffering from terrible headaches and loss of memory during some episodes. The psychiatrist to whom she addresses with her complaints notices her timid character and understands that Eve White suppresses most of her instincts and emotions. Trying to fit in the image of perfect woman Eve White...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Current Models of Object Recognition to Explain Object Constancy

...Current Models of Object Recognition to Explain Object Constancy Object recognition is a complex phenomenon, involving constant object representationwhile dealing with inconsistent visual stimuli. Our perception of an object’s identity can endure no matter what forces act on the object in the environment. The object may be compelled to reorient itself, alter in perspective and even fleetingly disappear. A number of models exist that account for object recognition but a good model should also explain the chance of change in stimulus that can hinder object constancy. In reacting or responding to an object, we are only able to do so when we have identified what it is, recognized its main features and bring to mind its meaning...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

The Two Faces of Leadership

In addition, it must be said that now scientific concepts of leadership have focused on the impact of a leader's behavior on the company’s performance.
Some people can argue that the main priority has been given to the leadership, and the study of entrepreneurship has grown in recent years, the study of entrepreneurs as leaders is a gap in both bodies of knowledge. As it is sited in Miller and Friesen`s work. “the call for expanding the study of leadership within the context of newer, smaller, organizations has existed for a number of years’, to date little research has emerged. The purpose of this study is to begin to fill this gap by examining the impact that the emerging process of authentic leadership (...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

The Relationship Between Measurement and Recognition

The paper also aims to discuss the accounting issues raised by the amendment to the agreement between Frantek and Conte Technologies involving the supply of microcomputer accessory boards by the former to the latter. Discussions are expected to include a recommendation as to how Frantek should resolve issues relating to revenue recognition, inventory valuation, and liability recognition and classification.  On the basis of the case facts about Frantek, Inc., as the manufacturer-supplier, will be the one to resolve the issues; this paper is therefore primarily focused on the issues affecting that Frantek.

The relation of measurement and recognition is that measurability is a requirement of recognition of revenue, as...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

Intangibles Seek Due Recognition

...Intangibles Seek Due Recognition Introduction In common parlance assets of a corporation are understood only as physical assets like plant and equipments, properties, cash and cash equivalents, receivables and like that. These assets appear on the balance sheet of the firm and have book values. In modern world market value of a successful company is much higher than the value of these tangible or physical assets. In certain cases physical assets constitute even less than half of the market capitalization of the company. So where is the other half or remaining assets that contribute to the market value of the company? This remaining value is the value of non physical assets called by accountants as intangible assets. Intangibles are mostly...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Arguments for Accounting Recognition of Intangible Assets

...RECOGNITION AND DISCLOSURE OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS Introduction Financial reporting within the current business context is imbued with the expectations of meeting the challenges of the new economy. Many studies have been conducted as to how various stakeholders – investors, managers, creditors, analysts, regulators and, above all, clientele – may relevantly assess the value and performance of their firm. It has long been acknowledged that the traditional financial statements, the principles of which were developed in the mid-20th century, no longer capture the value drivers that dominate the new economy (Upton, 2001). In response thereto, proposals have been considered to establish a new reporting paradigm that would capture, measure...
9 Pages (2250 words) Research Paper

China Faces Pressure over Currency

Making its products cheaper in the US and thus encouraging imbalanced trade. It has been universally agreed that the free-floating Yuan would be significantly worth 15 cents.
Chinese economists feel that the impact has been over-exaggerated and particularly to America from Yuan revaluation. In particular, a stronger Yuan will not reduce the US’s trade deficit as there is a very smart segment of overlap between China and America Production and hence the US will not be able to replace Chinese imports. The consumer will end up paying more for imports from china or Vietnam and this would be like imposing a tax on US consumers.
The World Bank chief also disagrees with the US’s suggestion on China's currency rise a...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Official Recognition of Video Games

...Video Games: An Art Video Games: An Art There has always been a debate on the question: “Do video games qualify as an art?” among video game admirers. And just recently the United States government’s National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) announced its official recognition of video games, along with other forms of media content made for internet and mobile technologies, as art; putting an end to the long prevailing debate. It changed its guidelines that described the characteristics that come under the art category. (Couts, 2012). What Are Video Games? Jack Kroll, in his article published in Newsweek, wrote about video gaming that it was a form of entertainment and fun and was also rewarding; however, it did not give rise to an emotional...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

Cheryl Strayeds Wild according to Joseph Campbell's Theory about The Hero With a Thousand Faces

...Cheryl Strayed’s Wild according to Joseph Campbells Theory about The Hero With a Thousand Faces Cheryl Strayed corresponds to Joseph Campbell’s theory about the hero. Strayed writes in her book Wild (2012) how she decided to hike over a thousand miles on the Pacific Crest Trait that stretches from Mojave Desert through Oregon and California to Washington State. Campbell’s theory of heroism states how the hero experiences the power and then comes back to help others. Strayed writes the nonfiction inspirational book after completing her impulsive journey, she is a hero. 1. Departure. The Call to Adventure. “A blunder—apparently the merest chance—reveals an unsuspected world” (Campbell 46) There is tremendous correlation between...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

The Various Problems and Issues that the US Immigration Faces

... to welfare as common and equal citizens, the immigrants give their best of efforts here. The initial immigrants call in on their families to join them, ultimately settling down and becoming a permanent and official part of US as an American citizen. The aim of this paper is to highlight the various problems and issues that the US immigration faces today with an overview of the possible solutions that can help rectify the problem at hand. Post 9-11, the immigration policies have been criticized for being biased and reformed to facilitate a selected few (Gilna). It is important that immigration policies are made easier and more just, so that the US is able to attract the best of human resources from all over the world. A hostile immigration...
9 Pages (2250 words) Term Paper

Recognition and Implementation of Human Rights

... Recognition and Implementation of Human Rights “Imagine all of people, living life in peace.” These are the resounding words in the song, “Imagine” by John Lennon. Living in peace has a lot of meaning. It could mean living without worries, getting rid of pain, or respecting life. No matter how one interprets the song, the thought of living in peace cannot be disassociated with exercising human rights. The liberty to live in the absence of persecution, fear or illness is all part of a person’s human rights. Therefore, living in peace also equates the ability to exercise human rights. The topic of human rights has a long list of arguments. Among these is the recognition and implementation of universal human rights. The adoption... Recognition...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Article on topic The Recognition of the Faces for FREE!

Contact Us