Public leadership is when a leader takes actions that influence a large group of people. The leaders can hold meetings for such behaviors or address a group of people towards a single goal. …
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The motive of public leadership is to set a vision and motivate people to follow it with the purpose of ensuring unity. These leaders create a positive environment and promote shared standards and high performances filled with team spirit and trust. They also aim to drive successful actions and results collectively. The United States of America has a total of 435 constituencies and each have their own public leader. The federal government in the USA is not supposed to intervene in the policies of the constituencies set by the public leaders. These leaders may take help from the Congress who provides them with members to help them with their problems. The major role of the Congress is to provide service to the constituents by assisting them in providing members to win elections. These constituencies have their own voting and elections in which only the people of that constituency will be able to vote. Public leaders of constituencies can be elected by their constituents and their laws can be limited to their constituencies only (Rehfield, 2005). Constituencies in the United States of America are also known as electoral districts. These electoral districts were seen important in the American politics as they influenced the presidential elections. This was mainly because of certain groups that were not allowed to vote before the civil rights act such as the minorities. Electoral districts allowed the blacks to choose their own public leaders through constituency elections. The systems of these constituencies could be decided and created by the public leaders as far as they followed the American constitution. In 1963, the election system of Georgia was called unconstitutional and invalid as it violated the constitutional amendments. In America, the constituencies can have their own leaders and policies thus they can set rules according to their constituencies’ features and needs. This is because of the power which is assigned to them by the constitution and position. The source of their power is their position, their personal powers and through their people. Before the civil rights act, the blacks were discriminated from voting and participating in elections. The electoral districts have given the blacks representation from constituencies where they are in majority (Rehfield, 2005). In the same way, the rural areas have gained representation and participation in presidential elections. However, there are still constituencies where indirect discrimination exists against blacks such as the policy to allow voting to those who have driving licenses knowing that blacks couldn’t afford them. The public leaders elected in the electoral constituencies have constitutional powers. These elected members become the members of the House of Representatives. They are given the powers to create laws and policies for their constituencies. They also participate in the House of Representatives and present their views for their constituency. The public leaders are assigned those powers that are not in the hands of the federal or state government. Some of the aspects are left for the constituency leaders who set laws according to their region’s needs and demands. They play an important role in bringing their constituents together and motivating them towards a single goal. The positional power is not based on the person’s conduct or behavior, but only on the number of votes that he achieved to gain that position. The US Supreme Court has concluded that the federal government cannot intervene in the lawmaking of the constituencies’ leaders unless they are unconstitutional. The public leaders also have personal power which is derived from their own expertise and knowledge. They are given the powers because of their skills and abilities to deal with them such as
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Still, many managers feel that they have no power in making decisions. It is important for them to understand what kind of power they possess to enable themselves to influence people. Alexandrou (2011) quotes researchers French and Raven who have listed five sources of power in organizations forty years ago.
Thus, person has a power over others when his or her existence causes them to behave differently, and existing power is one way of impacting the ethical decision making in an organization. Power in the organization is as a result of structural traits in that organizations are large and complex system that comprises a lot of people.
During Christmas in 1979, Russian paratroopers attacked Kabul, Afghanistan’s capital (Dallin 1980). This country was already within the hold of a civil war. The country’s Prime Minister attempted to draw aside the Muslim tradition in the country. He wanted a westernized perspective of Afghanistan.
Petroleum production has grown exponentially over the last two centuries as human beings invented machines that are dependent on petroleum energy. Energy has become a vital component of everyday life (Lyons & Zaba 82). To secure the global energy future, it is vital that a balance gets struck between ensuring affordable supply and the impact on environment.
It shall seek to evaluate the content and the substance of the text in terms of writing and techniques and the depth of his research into the different discussion topics included in this text. The subject of this critical analysis is a book, more particularly the first three chapters of a book by Gary Klein.
The context of the document is the colonization of the New World, or the Americas. During this time, Europeans travelled to the Americas to establish new colonies. The white settlers believed that they
The author of the text stresses that democratic government in many countries does not portray the real democracy expected by the citizens of their countries due to various reasons among them corruption, scramble for power and political instability in the country. As for monarchical government, it is a form of government where leadership in the country is hereditary.
The author of the book delves into the grand tales of exploitation, power and resistance to colonialism. It was researched and written on four continents. The title edge of empire portrays a world lived by people who loved each other, mingled and