StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The essay “Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids?” looks at the recent discovery of perfluorochemicals in municipal sewage sludge near Decatur, Alabama on October 2008, which has provoked increased interest and concern among scientists and government officials…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids"

Contamination from landfill leachate may also be a contributing factor, though there is little to no data currently available to verify this possibility.
The identification of perfluorinated chemicals in wastewater is not entirely unexpected, even if an ultimate source cannot be identified. A 2008 EPA workshop presented data demonstrating the prevalence of these chemicals in wastewater treatment plants, especially in urban areas. The abundance of perfluorochemical precursors, i.e. any chemical which precedes and can be modified into a perfluorochemical, used in industrial work is likely to simultaneously contribute to the observed pollution and stymie efforts to identify individual sources.
Scientists and government officials have been largely unprepared for surveying perfluorinated chemicals in sewage sludge and have only recently begun this investigation. Currently, there is a lack of representative data on perfluorochemicals in biosolids. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids Essay, n.d.)
Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/chemistry/1525372-perfluorochemicals
(Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids Essay)
Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids Essay. https://studentshare.org/chemistry/1525372-perfluorochemicals.
“Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/chemistry/1525372-perfluorochemicals.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids

Discuss the benefits and environmental implications of applying composts and other organic amendments to agricultural land

... (PTEs) such as heavy metals. There is a requirement for long-term research on sludge use on agricultural land, the slow evolution and difficulty in prediction of the possible build-up of toxic elements in soil, state Gaskin, Brobst, Miller et al (2003). Further, sludge benefits to farmers should be assessed on a crop rotation basis, taking residual impacts on subsequent crops into consideration. These may be considerable even in the case of mobile elements such as Nitrogen, assert Binder, Dobermann, Sander et al (2002). The characteristics and performance of sludge can be markedly changed through treatments converting it into biosolids. Therefore, spreading techniques as well as their application rates have to be optimised... for the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Why was there widespread innovation in Britain in the 18th century

...? 6 January, Why was there widespread innovation in Britain in the 18th century? Introduction: Britain had a significant share in the overall industrial revolution and innovation that occurred in the 18th century. A lot of things and facilities that were discovered in the 18th century originated in Britain. Britain happened to experience too much innovation in the 18th century for two main reasons. First, there were natural reasons like richness in the natural resources. Secondly, changes in the kingdom, power and autonomy also made the environment more favorable for innovation and creativity in the Britain. The two aspects are discussed below: Natural and political reasons favoring innovation in 18th century Britain: Britain saw... 6...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Intellectual Property Issues - Software Piracy - why is it widespread, what are the ethically flawed justifications people use f

...? Intellectual Property Issues - Software Piracy: Why is it widespread, what are the ethically flawed justifications people use for this? Date Abstract This paper covers the practice of software piracy focusing on illegal downloads and their ethical implications. This paper will attempt to piece together pertinent information and formulate an ethical analysis of the practice of software piracy. The information gathered will be representative of the many sides to the argument. Table of Contents Abstract 2 Table of Contents 0 Introduction 0 Software Piracy & Intellectual Property 1 File Sharing & Digital Culture 2 Software Piracy & Global Economic Inequality 4 Conclusion 5 References 6 Introduction Software piracy involves...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Planning for sustainable water quality

...). These projects convert wastewater to safe water that can be utilized by ordinary citizens. Industries cannot discharge waste water directly into public water treatments areas without prior purification. The pretreatment aims at reducing toxic wastes discharged into these treatment works. EPA has also developed technology-based standards for industries using POTWs to discharge their wastewater. These standards apply to industries in all states that produce effluent that may reach water bodies. Treated wastewater produces biosolids that can be used in agriculture. Treated sewage sludge is used for agricultural purposes. EPA conducted a risk assessment and established limits for use of biosolids in land...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Wastewater Pollution: Comparing Three Treatment Methods

...?Wastewater Pollution: Comparing Three Treatment Methods Wastewater comes as a result of an industrial process that has added chemicals and biosolids that are harmful to human health and to the environment. Whole ecosystems have been destroyed because of the mishandling of wastewater in the past. Three methods of treating wastewater which can be tested against one another for effectiveness and costs are the activated sludge method, the reed bed method, and a new method that has just been discovered in Australia which consists of adding hydrotalcites to wastewater or encouraging hydrotalcites that already exist in the water to form. The three methods can be compared in order to establish their effectiveness and costs as they relate... is a...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Proposal

To What Extent Has Process Management Facilitated the More Widespread Implementation of Information Systems within Business

...To What Extent has Process Managemant Facilitated the more Widespread Implementation of Information Systems within Business Introduction The rapid growth of information technologies, cooperation and integration activities have caused significant changes in process management at the beginning of 1990s. The present day models and theories of process management differ from those, which were in use two decades ago. The study of process management is made all the more complex and thought provoking because of the competition of ideas between different academic and political standpoints. Added to this is the input from those who actually practice administration or management, giving us a "real world" perspective. Today, process...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

The nature and extent of environmental health concerns surrounding the use of sludge and biosolids from wastewater treatment in agriculture

...The Nature and Extent of Environmental and Health Concerns Surrounding the Use of Sewage Biosolids from Wastewater Treatment in Agriculture Name Instructor’s Name Subject / Course Date Total Number of Words: 3,308 Table of Contents I. Introduction ………………………………………… 3 a. Purpose of the Research Study ………… 4 b. Problem Statement ………………………. 4 c. Significance of the Problem …………….. 4 d. Terms to be Defined ……………………… 5 e. Research Question(s) …………………….. 6 II. Literature Review ………………………………….. 7 a. Conventional Wastewater Treatment Processes…………………………………… 7 b. Environmental Concerns of Using Sludge or Sewage Biosolids in Food Agricultural Activities ………………………. 9 c. Health Concerns...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

A central problem addressed in the 1925 Property legislation was how to cope with the fragmentation of benefit created by the widespread use of trusts in relation to land. Discuss. How has subsequent legislation sought to deal with this enduring problem

... Year of Study/Semester: Submitted: The Law of Property Act 1925 s. 205 ix) defines land as constituted by “the surface, building, or parts of buildings” and everything else that is linked to the said land and as such becomes part of that land with respect to the Latin maxim of quicquid plantatur solo, solo cedit. The Law that relates to co-ownership which primarily relates to concurrent interests in land constitutes a significant section of most syllabuses in land law. Of significant importance is the reality that co-ownership is an area of land law which has a powerful impact on the lives of ordinary individuals in the U.K. In more straightforward terms co-ownership law is always in operation when two or more people... Year of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Account for the widespread failure of democracy in Europe between the two world wars

...RE-ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENT Module HIST1004 Module Democracy and Totalitarianism in Europe Assignment no: 002 Essay Word length: 1500 Tutor: P. McNally Throughout history, democracy has struggled with other political governments. Democracy is a self going process and relies heavily on the participation of the civilians residing in that nation. Democracy cannot thrive from itself. The people must to pursue the idealistic values that democracy offers. Freedom and democracy are nothing when citizens won’t pursue it. Liberal democracy lacked thus lacked independent force in order to be enforced in Eastern Europe since World War I and World War II had left Europe in ruins of chaos, confusion, and desperately in need of funds. The inter...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Domestic Abuse as America's Most Widespread Offense

...Domestic Abuse Domestic abuse is America's most widespread offense. Domestic violence all through the preceding 20 years has been accepted as an emergent health affair in American society. Consequently, the communities all over the country are operational in developing policies to prevent the violence and offer new defensive means for battered women and children. Statistics show that American nation is encountered with the development of a chief public health crisis. Because of considerable initial analysis, domestic violence is mounting swiftly among all the classes, cultures, and age partners, monetary and sacred groups of USA. DOMESTIC ABUSE Domestic abuse and violence is an aggressive altercation between family or...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Are Perfluorochemicals Widespread in Biosolids for FREE!

Contact Us