StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Similarities and differences between japan's keiretsu and south korea's chaebol - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The economy of Japan was dominated by the zaibatsu, which were large groups of industries. Zaibatsu’s were large financial and industrial business enterprises in the cement manufacturing, shipbuilding, paper, mining, insurance, and banking sectors…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.7% of users find it useful
Similarities and differences between japans keiretsu and south koreas chaebol
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Similarities and differences between japan's keiretsu and south korea's chaebol"

Download file to see previous pages These enterprises were established by the Meiji government in the late nineteenth century, as a way to invigorate Japan’s industrialization. Therefore, the main reason for the formation of these business enterprises was to respond to failures in the market. Companies owned by these zaibatsu’s were vertically organized and owned by families and sometimes, holding companies. According to Rosati (1993), trading companies and banks were the most powerful industries among the zaibatsu. This is because they controlled the distribution of goods and operations among the zaibatsu’s. The zaibatsu were abolished at the end of the Second World War by the Allied Occupation Forces, when their shares were allocated to the Japanese public, in order to promote competition and equality. Rosati points out that “during this period, however, the private sector had little funding capacity, and corporations among themselves unable to raise the capital they needed” (1993, p. 85). It was during this time that the practice of raising funds through loans from banks was embraced. Due to the low prices of shares and accumulation of capital in the private sector, corporations were exposed to acquisitions. This was further compounded by the fact that the stock owning capacity of banks was limited by the 1947 Antimonopoly Act (Rosati, 1993). Consequently, corporations had to invest somewhat equal amounts of capital among themselves to create stability among shareholders although there was no physical exchange of the money. In the 1960s, Japan joined the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and this led to a relaxation of capital transaction policies by the government. Since the owners of the corporations feared being taken over by foreign investors, they conducted cross ownership that brought back the links that had existed among zaibatsu groups prior to the Second World War and this led to the formation of Keiretsu groups. Keiretsu groups were very significant in rejuvenating the economy of Japan after the Second World War. Small industries in Japan were able to develop, despite the fact that Japan’s economy was detached for the world markets and highly monitored. Examples of keiretsus include Mitsui and Mitsubishi. South Korea's Chaebols: Origins and Features Chaebols were established by the Japanese colonial rule in Korea during the 1920s and 1930s. In fact, Korea’s Chaebols were formed in a similar way to the Japanese keiretsus. The main reason for the establishment of Chaebols was so that Japan could benefit from Korea’s economic development. The establishment of chaebols began when Japan set up privately owned businesses in Korea, but strictly controlled business procedures, license applications, and credit. Japanese rule in Korea eventually came to an end, and this gave the Korean’s freedom to adjust the business procedures and processes of the Chaebols. Dubois (2004) points out that “the effort was coordinated by president Park Chung Hee, the president of South Korea from 1961 until his assassination in 1976” (p. 42). Under the concept of chaebols, conglomerates usually controlled by a family were formed under a sole holding company. Each company held another company’s shares and through this, they were all interlinked. The chaebols however had no financial institutions and this required financial support from the government, since South Korea’s banks are joined together and controlled by the government. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Similarities and differences between japan's keiretsu and south Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/business/1478496-what-are-the-similarities-and-differences-between
(Similarities and Differences Between japan'S Keiretsu and South Essay)
https://studentshare.org/business/1478496-what-are-the-similarities-and-differences-between.
“Similarities and Differences Between japan'S Keiretsu and South Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/business/1478496-what-are-the-similarities-and-differences-between.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Similarities and differences between japan's keiretsu and south korea's chaebol

The Distinction Between the Tort of Negligence and the Tort of Nuisance

There are many instances in which establishing a claim in private nuisance does not require proof of negligence and it, therefore, remains necessary to maintain the tort of private nuisance distinct from the tort of negligence. The discussion that follows will demonstrate the necessity by comparing and contrasting both torts.
The tort of negligence is founded on the principles enunciated in the House of Lords decision in Donoghue v Stevenson which essentially defines the duty of care and situations in which a breach of that duty will give rise to a claim in negligence. Lord Atkin explained that we are required to take all necessary precautions to prevent injury to our neighbours. He goes on to fully explain the duty of care i...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

The Difference between Prudential and Protective Regulations

Governments attempt to regulate and organize different fields of life in their respective countries. This need for regulation has been created for a number of reasons. One prominent reason may be attributed to the fact that the government may assess a certain industry having a significant impact on the economy thereby embarking on a regulation endeavor. By these regulations, the government will be able to protect its markets from failure, leading to unwanted deficiencies such as monopoly, windfall profits, anti-competitive behavior, and predatory pricing.

One of the most important types of regulations that endeavor to protect consumers and restore confidence in the financial markets as being genuine is the regulation...

9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Correlation between Motivation and Efficiency

It also has many warehouses to deliver chilled and frozen food to customers. It is highly unpleasant for the workers to work in the chilled warehouses. Just five years ago, one of the warehouses in Stroke-on-Trent introduced a new technical system that transformed the attitude of the workers and their efficiency.
Though the company spent almost £ 300,000 on installing a new system, it reckoned that by cutting down the mistakes and providing a better workplace for workers it could save that much amount in the first year itself. Prior to the installation of a new communication system, workers felt much boring with the old techniques of writing the movements of goods by a bit of paper and pencils. Apart from mistakes and e...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell

The TV serial was tagged as a popular romantic drama that had thrown some important insight into the historical aspect of the industrial revolution of the 19th century in England.

History has long since been regarded as a very important document of a country’s inheritance of its cultural values, people and its socio-political and economical evolution. The literature has been considered widely popular with the experts but other forms of media are equally important that are capable of divulging all the relevant information of the time and place. The movies and television are vital instruments that are used to disseminate information regarding the people and place, constituting the cause and consequences that helped...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

The Relationship Between Security, Risk and Health in a Large Organisation

Managers in modern organizations tend to use appropriately customized policies – in accordance with their firms’ needs and resources (employees, funds, technology) available. The current paper focuses on the examination of the various aspects of security, risk, health and safety within large organizations; Particular emphasis is paid on the fact that the demands of each one of these factors may be differentiated under the pressure of the market conditions and the organizational priorities. The case of Shell in Nigeria has been used as an example in order to show the potential co-existence and interaction of these factors within a specific organizational environment. The measures required and the role of the security ma...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Relationship between Money Supply and Inflation in Saudi Arabia

Over the recent past, the effects of money supply, debt and inflation have become contentious issues for debate. Furthermore, frequent cautions concerning the risk of very large budgetary deficits aver that this would send up the upcoming state debt and capital rate as indicated by the rates (interests). As a nation, Saudi Arabia has a bi and enduring budgetary deficit over the past two decades and the government has been forced to go into the market so as to have loan access and to make up for the deficits. Given the impact of this on inflation and other economic variables, it's imperative and of great alarm for strategy architects (strategists) to understand how microeconomics has an effect on money supply, financial plan defici...
10 Pages(2500 words)Speech or Presentation

Evaluation of Children with Visual Impairment between Ages 4-12

A visually impaired child may suffer from incomplete sight, reduced vision, total blindness as well as legal sightlessness (Kelley and Gale p 45). It is a condition that may become severe in a child, thereby affecting its growth and development. The impact is usually dependent on the kind of loss, age at which it occurs, as well as the general body functioning of the child. The normal interest that is usually evident amongst children on seeing attractive items in their surroundings lacks in a visually impaired child. This may interfere with the child’s learning capabilities unless he/she is assisted to learn. The development of social behavior in children usually depends on the ability to see parents or those in charge of ca...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Strategies of the South African Government

Maslow has argued that security and safety are required by all human beings (Boeree 2006). According to the Federation Internationale de Football Association (2009), Uruguay was the first nation to host the Fifa World Cup. In 2010, South Africa would be the first African nation to host the next World Cup. But Euromonitor (2009) considers that South Africa is a country with a significant rate of insecurity that would influence the trip to South Africa. Various security strategies will have to be reviewed by the South African Government in order to implement security and safety during this big event (Republic of South Africa, 2008). To accomplish the safety of the tourists during the World Cup 2010, many South African cities have in...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Proposal

Effects of the United States of America Troops in South Korea

Despite the few negative incidences of crime committed by the United States of America’s security troops that were deployed in the country on a peacekeeping mission.
Since the war in Korea began in the early nineteen fifties, the United States has stationed tens of thousands of soldiers, mostly the United States’ army personnel, in South Korea. Through the assistance of the South Korean troops and other neighboring governments, the American troops have been able to guard and offer maximum security to South Korean people. In line with the argument of James (2003), ‘most of the military bases in South Korea are relatively isolated’ thus the need for much attention from the troops so as to ensure maximum...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...Opinion paper The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly s that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials which have...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Similarities and differences between japan's keiretsu and south korea's chaebol for FREE!

Contact Us