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Business : Organization Theory Synthesis Paper - Essay Example

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Organizations are formed for the sole purpose of achieving a specific set of objectives. They are thus designed in a way that would enable them accomplish those objectives that they intended to achieve. The correct organizational design is very important for the achievement of organizational objectives as a design that is not supportive of the business operations will not accomplish the set out goals…
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Business Essay: Organization Theory Synthesis Paper
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Download file to see previous pages The nature of management is described in its ability to get people to work together in order to accomplish specific goals and objectives through the use of resources to achieve efficiency and effectiveness. The basic principle in management is the ability to guide people through processes within the organization in order to achieve specific goals (Adair, 2007). Scholars argue that people are what make an organization and thus it is impossible to talk about organizations without looking at people. To manage these people and resources therefore requires the ability to plan, control, organize, staff and lead in order to achieve efficiency (Anaeto, 2010). Over the years, a number of theories have been advanced on how to manage people. Classical theories emphasized that specifically designed formal structures and a consistent, rigid organizational network of employees are most important in having an organization running well and achieve its goals. Thus these theories looked at employees holding specific jobs and being guided on what to do. Independence on the part of the employee was very minimal. These theories do not worry about how people feel about the jobs but rather performance was quantifiable and paramount in operations. Such theories include scientific management theory proposed by Frederick Taylor (French, Rayner, Rees, & Rumbles, 2011). The shortcomings in these theories made scholars to come up with other theories that considered the human element of employees. These theories thus centered on people’s attitudes and motivations as the key to getting employees to work better. These theories argued that employees who are satisfied with their jobs feel indebted to their employers and will show appreciation by being more productive. Such is the basis for Theory X and Y that shows the transition from the scientific management to the human aspect of management (Crispen Chipunza, 2011). Managing people and resources thus requires the implementation of a specific organization design that will support the systems and processes in place. Top managers are those that are able to effectively design a structure for their organization that supports the effective utilization of available resources both material and human capital. Literature identifies formal and informal organizational design models that managers use in their daily management of organizations (Jack, LaFrance, & Ginter, 2003). The most appropriate model is one that leads to the achievement of organizational objectives. Loveridge & Cummings (1996) identify five models of organizational structure and these include: functional, bureaucratic, matrix, shared governance and self-directed work teams. The scholars argue that these models may not work for all organizations. However, the most important thing is to identify exactly what the organization ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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