Nobody downloaded yet

Constructing three chapters of proposal - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Chapter I: Introduction Ranked among the most disastrous man-made crises attributable to commercial operations are the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska, and more recently, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Damage from these incidents affected the lives and livelihoods of people distributed over a broad geographical area, and experts expect the repercussions to extend to subsequent generations because of their effect on the environment and wildlife…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
Constructing three chapters of proposal
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Constructing three chapters of proposal"

Download file to see previous pages In 2011, a pipeline fire killed 100 people and seriously injured 120 in Nairobi. In 2010, a Pemex (Petroleos Mexicanos) pumping station in Central Mexico exploded, killing 27 and injuring 50 (Ellingwood, 2010). In 2006, a pipeline explosion in Nigeria killed up to 500 people (BBC News, 2006), but the fatalities in this incident are only second to the Ufa train disaster in Russia in 1989, where train sparks set off a gas leak from an LPG pipeline and killed 645 people (Observer-Reporter, 1989). Oil and gas accidents can have catastrophic results, all the more underscoring the importance of assessing the crisis management systems in this industry, and ascertaining whether or not these are within acceptable standards to ensure the protection of the public. 1.1 Background of the Study One of the more comprehensive and meticulous definitions of “crisis,” as it is conceived in business crisis management, is that of Fink (1986, quoted in Reid, 2000, p. 2), who states that “A crisis is any situation that runs the risk of: 1. Escalating in intensity. 2. Falling under close media or government scrutiny. 3. Interfering with the normal operations of business. 4. Jeopardizing with the positive public image presently enjoyed by a company or its officers. 5. Damaging a company’s bottom line in any way.” Fink’s well-crafted enumeration of the attributes of a crisis situation noticeable lacks one element: that of being “unforeseen” or “unexpected.” This is a defining trait of a crisis for other authors (Hoff, 2001; Boi, 2005; Laws, Prideaux & Chon, 2007), but apparently not for Fink, whose definition focuses on the impacts rather than the causes of the crisis situation. In many instances, crises are so characterised not because they are unforeseen. Rather, they are foreseen (or at least foreseeable), but are historically and statistically deemed so unlikely to happen that precautionary and preventive measures against them are overlooked (Loveridge, 2009; Daft & Marcic, 2011). Warranting the necessity for the enhancement of crisis planning, prevention, assessment, and mitigation for the oil and gas industry are the deleterious effects of the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico (Casale, 2010). Despite the serious harm to the environment and to livelihoods in the affected area, the potential closure of large oil and gas companies or the shutdown of their pipelines is a risk which major oil producers could not be take because of their critical role in the world economy (Omolara & Olayide, 2011; Kamal, 2012). The matter of oil and gas crisis management to ensure continuity, therefore, becomes an important area of study. Unfortunately, there are few academic studies which have addressed this area. Lee Clarke of Rutgers University underscored the fact that all most oil and gas companies have to rely on currently are what he calls “symbolic planning” and “fantasy documents” upon which crisis strategies are built (Morse, 2004). 1.2 Statement of the Problem In defining the research problem, it became apparent to this researcher that the threat of impending crises (i.e., crises that are unlikely, but may eventually happen) confront all organisations in varied ways. Consequently, all organizations need some ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Constructing three chapters of proposal Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/business/1398857-chapter
(Constructing Three Chapters of Proposal Dissertation)
https://studentshare.org/business/1398857-chapter.
“Constructing Three Chapters of Proposal Dissertation”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/business/1398857-chapter.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Constructing three chapters of proposal

Constructing Report

...? Constructing Report Introduction Over the past years, the pre trial for the forensic discovery procedures and the necessary requirements carried out in the US has gradually changed. This is mainly in the area of the forensic investigation requirements, where the US has been granted the right to search for the electronically stored data of individuals. The US amendments further has been updated so as to allow the forensic investigators free access to individuals data no matter where they are kept for privacy purposes. This further includes all the data of an individual stored by the European Union. Thus, for the forensic investigator to be able to gin access to any individual’s, he must first include all the necessary details... Constructing ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Full Corse Profile

...a lot of information in this book from the Simpson case. The life of the author is discussed in depth from chapter two to chapter six. Consequently, his life right from birth, through his childhood to his becoming Los Angeles district attorney in 1981 has been discussed in these chapters. During his childhood, we are informed that he lived in the district of Richmond, where most of the people were working class (Darden & Walter 10). In chapters two and three, we get the stories involving Darden and Michael, his brother. One of the fascinating episode in these stories is the one in which the two steal from the local stores. Another interesting story is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Constructing the Written Evidence-Based Proposal

...? Juvenile Diabetes Juvenile diabetes commonly referred to as Type diabetes is normally diagnosed in children and the young adults. It is a medical condition that should be terminated during the earliest stages as it can prove fatal if diagnosed late. It is a condition where the body fails to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced so as to convert the sugars and starch that we take into energy that is required for our daily activities. The pancreas fail to produce this very crucial hormone, and if not nipped in the bud, the condition can lead to cardiovascular diseases. Implementing standardized screening tools and initiating treatment based on established protocols, can prevent disease progression and an increased... Juvenile...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Constructing Narratives

...? Constructing Narratives Constructing Narratives Settings of ELL es lend easily and naturally to discussions based on storytelling, as well as activities that integrate the construction of narratives. Storytelling, as well as stories, provides students from different cultural backgrounds an undeniable mechanism for appreciating their world and developing a narrative construction paradigm or environment. Making use of ELL settings helps ELLs appreciate themselves, develop critical thinking and foster mutual understanding. Various elements of language use are critical for effective construction of both written and verbal narratives (Bishop & Kimball,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Multimedia campaign three page proposal

...1. CONCEPT Urban jungle wear Jeans for 21st century, jeans for modern people is short of media campaign for Wrangler jeans which targets on young, urban consumers aging 16 and 30 years of age. Our products, although based on traditional jeans wear are changing with time. Daisy and Low rides are special kind of clothing which will endure all requests of speedy life and urban jungle, the same way that jeans was satisfying all the needs of early pioneers. It doesn't matter which race or sex consumer is, it doesn't matter what is his name, with Daisy and Low ride jeans he will be positioned before all others 2. Development Campaign is completely focused on urban consumers, and main actors in the ad concept are invisible people... CONCEPT Urban ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Three Rivers TESOL Conference Proposal

...Three Rivers TESOL Conference Proposal By 25 September 25 September Teachers’ training in the field of Information Technology as a TESOL tool for the ESL Classrooms Abstract Learning and teaching English as a second language is the objective of TESOL and the ESL classrooms. Having more and more qualified teachers will enhance the quality of students learning English as a second language. In today’s era of information technology the teachers should have knowledge of the different ways and means of communication through the internet in order to facilitate and improve the learning of their students. Summary: In today’s ever changing world one must excel using all possible resources to beat the competition...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Constructing the written evidence based proposal

.... Resources Required For Implementation The resources needed for the implementation of the change include the following: In order to successfully achieve the goals of the proposed change, three nurses will be involved directly in spearheading the change. The nurses will be instrumental in sensitizing other nurses, patients and medical staff in relation to the proposed change. Furthermore, they will be involved in the implementation stage in designing brochures and other educational materials, creating PowerPoint presentations, collecting and analyzing data. The nurses will also be involved in issuing questionnaires to respondents during the evaluation stage. For the implementation...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

First three chapters to edit

.... This chapter presents the issues surrounding the skills, competencies and best practices for designing online courses. In addition to these issues, this chapter will also present the purpose of the research, research questions and hypotheses, justification and significance of the research, as well as limitations and assumptions for the research. Table of Contents CHAPTER-1: INTRODUCTION 1 Introduction of the problem 1 Background of the Study 6 Research Problem 7 Purpose of the Study 7 Research Questions 8 ` Research Justification 9 Significance of the Research 10 Assumptions 11 Limitations 12 Conclusion CHAPTER-2: LITERATURE REVIEW 14 Introduction 14 Growth...
35 Pages(8750 words)Essay

Three chapters READING quiz (( Aboriginal Treaties )

...What treaties were made with Aboriginal people prior to 1900 5 points) The treaties between natives and non-natives were generally divided into three: commercial compacts, peace/friendship treaties and territorial treaties. Commercial compacts were created in order to facilitate trade between European traders and the aboriginal people. Peace/friendship treaties resulted from the robust trade between the natives and non-natives. Territorial treaties were forged to allow non-natives to operate in the aboriginal land. (Ch. 1, pg. 2) 2. What formal protocols characterized Aboriginal ceremonial practice for establishing kinship relations with their trading partners? (2 points) Formation of kinship ties was done for both...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Constructing the Written Evidence-Based Proposal: Fina

...the independence of the elderly. Based on proper assessment tools the outcome of the proposed solution can be evaluated and areas of improvement noted. In lieu of this, patient education, early identification of risk factors, adequate staffing and multidisciplinary approach are a package of a proposed solution to preventing patient falls. If implemented, a marked reduction in the incidence and prevalence of patient falls among the elderly can be achieved. Dissemination of evidence is important to key stakeholders of the change program. The dissemination strategies include publications in journals, reports, reviews; presentations at Continuous Medical Education sessions, seminars and conferences; and one...
35 Pages(8750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Constructing three chapters of proposal for FREE!

Contact Us