Compare and contrast the following qualitative research methods: case study, phenomenological, and grounded theory. Synthesize your findings and determine which of the three methods is best suited to a study on improving operational excellence in the oil & gas industries through standardization. …
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Identify and analyze the issues associated with sample selection, validity, and bias in such a study.
A case study is one of the methods used in qualitative research. The development of the case study method took place in the 1880s and it has since been used in almost all fields of study. It is also the most preferred study method because it removes the wide gap between theory and practice. According to Toloie-Eshlaghy, Chitsaz, Karimian, and Charkhchi (2011), a case study is experimental and uses the details of a real phenomenon to probe into specific social issues of interest to the researchers. A case study includes a real situation with real people and events taking place in a real environment, which gives researchers a sense of the facts as they are in real life. In addition, the information used in a case study is controlled to provide factual details about the place, people, and occurrences of a particular location. This enables researchers to carry out their activities in reference to a real situation. A case study is thus regarded as an organized piece of research on a particular event with the aim of explaining a specific phenomenon.
A case study is often used in social research to enable a researcher to actualize a theoretical idea. In addition, a case study may be used to teach research students how to undertake research in an effective manner and thus act as a study tool to integrate theory and practice. ...
The different features of a case study include its use of different methods of collecting data to gather information regarding specific occurrences, its focus on a specific subject and the depth to which the subject of focus is investigated. The main aim of using the case study research method is to describe the causative relationships between phenomena in real life, since it tends to be deep rather than extensive in its investigations (Breslin & Buchanan, 2008). Case studies are therefore also used to evaluate the effects of certain interventions introduced in given scenarios and can therefore be used as a tool to recommend solutions to issues facing organizations in real life. As a research tool, a case study is exploratory and descriptive, and provides case examples to students to enhance their practical research skills. However, the actual transformation from theory to practice requires diverse resources, some of which may be out of the students’ reach. The use of a case study in the description of phenomena in real life is limited to the knowledge of the scenario under study (Toloie-Eshlaghy, Chitsaz, Karimian, & Charkhchi, 2011). This is because a case study relies on information regarding particular phenomena to draw inferences on causal relations, but without adequate information, the case study would not be effective. A case study therefore employs different methods of collecting data to provide adequate, relevant and factual information regarding occurrences in real life and offers researchers a basis for the study. With such information, it is possible to draw a pattern indicating the relationship between one subject and the other and
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For the purposes of forensic psychology and corresponding treatment, it will be necessary to conduct a number of assessments on JR. A lifestyle assessment will be necessary first and foremost before any therapeutic interventions are prescribed (Rotgers & Maniacci, 2006, p.
The involvement of all stakeholders within an education system is also a necessary behavior for high performance (Tintavee, 2010). Many leaning institutions are faced with the problem of rigidity to change and as a result there is need to investigate the problems which stakeholders of an institution are faced with so that appropriate and effective measures can be implemented to cause positive change of culture.
The previous investigations and knowledge gathered by other researchers act as theory which establishes the abilities, expectations and equipment for a successful completion of any research. It is worthy to mention that relevant theory can support the knowledge base of the phenomenon to be researched (Sinclair, 2007).
Her eldest son reliably assisted with the history. The chief complaints were that she was “not being able to walk ably due to pain and was not capable of doing her daily functions”. Both complaints had been troubling her for the past 3 years apart from her hypertension which had been present for the past twenty years and other “general problems of aging”.
15). If not killed, disabled individuals were subject to neglect and even abuse on the basis of their difference. For example, in the Roman Empire, mentally retarded children were made to serve as court jesters and had to entertain the rich. The spread of Christianity in Europe changed the attitude to people with disabilities due to the idea of compassion for the handicapped.
For example, the 8th amendment of the United States constitution prohibits subjecting inmates to inhuman conditions as well as other forms of cruel and unusual punishment. This protection not only requires that inmates are given a minimum standard of living, but it also allows inmates and prisoners to retain some constitutional rights, such as the right to access the parole process and the right to administrative appeal (Smith, 1999).
She had been kept away from the designation of Senior Vice-President owing to her increasing age and the aspect of disability. The company believes that with all these restrictions, she will not be able to tackle the challenges that are associated with the aforesaid particular designation.
There were times when people had very less friends, they used to socialize very less, there were very less options a person could consult with or people had to go to professional consultants for advise, they had to spend a large some of money for data they required.
The following sections will firstly briefly speak about John Dewey after which detailed sections about the teacher and student role will be discussed.
John Dewey is often referred to as ‘Father of the experiential education movement’. John Dewey
In the comparison, important weaknesses are identified in the activities of JCPenney. This leads to the identification of fundamental issues and risks that the company faces. The research goes on to examine ideal systems and methods of dealing with and
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