Name * Tutor * Subject * 12 Dec 2011 Supply Chain Management Introduction Supply Chain Management is one of the main pillars on which, a business relies heavily to be successful and maintain the success over long periods of time. In today’s modern era of stern competition and volatile economy, every business has to have well planned strategies to ensure the basic concept of running a successful business, which is to lower the cost of running and generating maximum profits through optimum customer satisfaction…
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It is always necessary that the inventory does not get too out of hands and is not short of the predicted demand at the same time. Definition Supply Chain Management refers to the entire process and stages that go in the supply of goods and services. To coordinate the production and market supply. It refers to the management and integration of all operations within and outside of the organization to maintain the entire supply chain, like production of goods, entire process of inventory stocking, procurement of raw materials from various suppliers outside the organization, transportation and distribution of raw and readymade goods in a cost effective manner, so as to ensure the overall cost of production can be kept low, in turn resulting higher profit margins. In addition to the scope mentioned as above, one of the most important functions of the supply chain management is to draw business boundaries and define the scope of the business, which will allow an organization to analyze and understand the feasibility of carrying out a certain production function in-house or outsourcing the stage for better results. According to Mentzer, et al: "Supply chain Management (SCM) is defined as the systematic, strategic coordination of the traditional business functions and the tactics across these business functions within a particular company and across businesses within the supply chain, for the purpose of improving the long-term performance of the individual companies and the supply chain as a whole" (Ballou 5). Functions The main roles of supply chain management can be understood by dividing them into the following heads: Identifying the Scope and Feasibility Demand and Supply/Adequate Inventory Logistics Procuring and purchasing Production Sales The primary role of supply chain management is to observe and analyze the existing operation cycle of an organization and then define the scope of the various stages and aspects of in-house production. This is done to understand the feasibility of outsourcing some stages of operation to a third party in order to keep the cost low, get better quality products and get the finished product in a limited time, so as to ensure smooth running of the organization. Demand and Supply as discussed are at the core of any business defining its market existence and sustenance. The key is to meet the current market demand and have adequate stocks to meet any sudden changes in the demand curve, yet ensuring that the stock inventory goes too high that it starts affecting the overall cost of production. Obtaining, storing, transporting and then distributing are the core functions in the logistics function of the supply chain management. Fetching and transporting the raw material to the production site and then storing the finished product in the warehouses to finally getting the products distributed to be consumed directly by the consumer are some of the functions of the logistics that in turn have a major affect on all the other stages in the entire supply chain management cycle. Procuring and pur
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Better collaboration in turn means greater communication. When firms communicate effectively (even in diverse geographical parts with different cultural backgrounds) and given that these firms are customer –focused, then knowledge on the customer value is created.
Now the business firms are not competing individually in the markets rather they are the part and parcel of different supply chain links. The only way in order to succeed in the market is that the business managers must have the ability to link different business networks or supply chain links in an effective and efficient way.
Organizations have come up with various innovative methods in all these process, which not only provide good SCM but also add value to their businesses as well as the environment including their suppliers, society as well as economy. Supply chain strategy is critical to its sustainability.
By 1990s, it became one of the most well-liked management term (Hugos, 2006). A supply chain can be seen as the alignment of three or more firms that are directly linked by the downstream as well as upstream flows of goods, services, information and finances from a particular source to the customers.
The author states that the concept of ethics in supply chain management was activated when BBC Panorama exposed the unethical supply chains of sports and clothing companies such as Nike and Gap. These companies hired under-aged Cambodians at minimum wages in order to keep down prices for the end users.
Green Supply Chain Management.
Although the concept of green supply chain is one of the most argued topics among industrial experts and research scholars but surprisingly very few researchers have tried to explore the topic seriously. To understand the core concepts of green supply chain management, one has to define supply chain management.
To bring the main actors in the market together, for example, suppliers, manufactures, and stores are put together to simplify the production of commodities being produced, and then circulated at the right time. The captions are going to capture the
It brings integration of various processes such as production operations, buying goods and services, transportation and distribution. A successful supply chain management programs ensures these processes are integrated and coordinated into a process that is seamless
The micro-economic approach in regard to market logistics and strategic plans of an organization is extensively discussed. The effective warehouse management and transport arrangements are basic market logistic constituents (Jespersen & Skjøtt-Larsen, 2005). It is
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