4. Methodology To compare and contrasts the effect of terrorism on global events, the cities that hosted the Olympic Games in 1992 and 2000, namely Barcelona in Spain and Sidney in Australia respectively were examined. The growth of tourism industry of both cities one year before hosting the event and two years after the event was accessed…
Download file to see previous pages...
Secondary research method was more appropriate because it provided sufficient historical data for comparison purposes. The hosting of the global event in these two cities corresponds to two critical periods in the history of terrorism. During the hosting of Olympic Games in Barcelona, there had been no major terror attack on global events for two decades, since 1972 attacks in Munich Olympic Games. However, prior to the hosting of Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000, terrorists had bombed similar global event in Atlanta, United States in 1996. One year after Sidney hosted the games, September 11 terror attacks in New York occurred. 5. Discussions and research findings Global events are important components of tourism, an industry that is very vulnerable to terrorism and insecurity. Currently tourism is one of the most important economic activities in the world besides telecommunication and information technology. The importance of hosting global events is evidenced by the stiff competition the many countries wishing to host events face to secure the hosting rights. Some of the most popular global events include the Olympics and FIFA world cup among others. The large audience that the global events attract make them susceptible to various threats, including violence from the fans, terrorism and natural disasters. From the 1990s, terrorism has been the one of the major concerns for the events organizers and the sports managers. The 1972 terror attacks that targeted Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics and the pipe bomb that exploded in1996 during summer Olympics in Atlanta are just of some of the few attacks targeting global events. Since then, other global events have been targeted by terrorism including International Cricket Council (ICC) tournaments in Asia, especially in Pakistan, UEFA champions league matches in Barcelona and the recent attacks in Kampala Uganda that targeted fans watching the finals of 2010 world cup finals in South Africa (Clark and Sophia 2008). Several research studies have been undertaken to investigate terrorism on global events, and one of the common findings is the insufficiency of security personnel training at venues in relation to those guarding against terror attacks. However, Appelbaum, et al (2005), argued that the unpredictable nature of terrorism and the conduct of attending fans present formidable difficulties in ensuring a secure environment at the venues. Therefore, it is imperative to enforce appropriate preparations, response and recovery measures to mitigate the effects of terrorism to the global events. There are various definitions of terrorism and Christopher (2000, p 52) defines it as “the illegal use of force or violence against people or property to threaten or coerce a government, the civilian population or any targeted sector in advancement of political or social objectives”. Terror attacks targeting global events and other civilian installations are normally well planned and organized. According to Christopher (2000), the objectives of terror attacks targeting areas with large number of people such as global events include inflicting the greatest amount of humiliation to the target and securing maximum publicity of the terrorist cause to the largest number of people in the world as possible. Moreover, terrorists who successfully launch attacks on the targeted areas mainly intend to gain credit or respect, compel the targeted population into agreement with
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Compare and contrasts the effect of terrorism on global events Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/business/1393058-compare-and-contrast-the-effect-terrorism-has-had
(Compare and Contrasts the Effect of Terrorism on Global Events Dissertation)
“Compare and Contrasts the Effect of Terrorism on Global Events Dissertation”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/business/1393058-compare-and-contrast-the-effect-terrorism-has-had.
The research aims to study in details the Terror Act 2000 and various instances of alleged human rights violations under this act. It will study to find out whether the act, however draconian it may appear, is a necessary evil; or should the UK government make amendments keeping in mind the basic notions of human rights, and formulate a less stringent terror Act.
The paper aims to identify the general impetus of mergers and acquisitions within UK banking industry and the impact of NatWest acquisition on the M&A trends. The analysis of RBS and NatWest both in pre-acquisition period and post-acquisition period can provide valuable insight into the driving force for acquisition and whether this has increased RBS’ shareholders’ wealth.
The basis of the technique is to ‘increase the quality of awareness of one’s everyday activities’ (Farlex, 2013). The aim of this study is to research the effectiveness of the mindfulness based approach to stress and fatigue management in cancer patients.
The research focuses on the extent to which female educators’ engagement with their work and their organisation have been affected. The literature provides evidence of research being carried out on indogenous factors affecting employee engagement. Terrorism’s impact on women is largely ignored in the broader context of the schools of the region.
To this end, Wilks, Pendergast and Leggat (2006) observe that the reason for the emergence of terrorism cannot be only attributed to the factors of poverty and acute frustration related to social problems. Poverty and social frustration are not the potential contributors to the spread and development of terrorism in developed countries around the world.
The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (2011) reports with reference to the new constitutional dispensation however that Kenyans “have all embraced one another in not only endorsing the new draft constitution but also in appreciating that we are still one country and we should do everything to ensure its prosperous perpetuity.” This statement confirms the zeal with which all Kenyans love to uphold their human rights through the constitution.
19 1How and why cyber-attacks take place 23 2.2 Methods followed in information warfare/cyber terrorism 34 2.3Who are affected in information warfare /cyber terrorism? 37 2.4Ideologies and philosophies underlying acts of terrorism 43 2.5The relationship between cyber terrorism and ideological extremism 52 2.6Safeguards from Attacks 54 Military approach to cyber warfare/cyber terrorism safeguard strategy 56 Governmental and industrial approach to cyber terror defence 60 Cyber warfare technical and economic defence measures 62 Technical: 62 Economic 63 Disaster Recovery Planning in case of cyber terror attacks 64 2.7United Kingdom: Government Strategy to Counter Cyber Terrorism 65 2.8Saudi
According to the paper it is important to highlight that in the case of virtual teams management, various issues might crop up in regards to role conflict, interpersonal relations, work relationship, motivation as well as cultural and pay difference. These various issues that might arise in connection to handling of virtual team has been discussed on a case by case basis from the point of international human resource management.
From the dissertation, it is clear that however, terrorism is not a new phenomenon and governments have tried to counter it for centuries. This study analyzes terrorism legislation from a number of vantage points. The terrorist is portrayed as a kind of distillation of all that is evil in human beings.
The usage of social media has increased tremendously in recent years, with the role changing from simple interaction to business related issues. The social media has been increasingly utilized for marketing and promotion of different company products to the consumers. The social media platform enables consumers to interact with organizations.
3 Pages(750 words)Dissertation
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Compare and contrasts the effect of terrorism on global events for FREE!