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Conservation of Biodiversity in Bhutan - Essay Example

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The essay "Conservation of Biodiversity in Bhutan" provides support to the claim that biodiversity conservation is one of the most important issues faced by the modern world based on the example of Bhutan…
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Conservation of Biodiversity in Bhutan
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Download file to see previous pages The country is half the size of Indiana (USA) and has an area of 47,000 sq. km. According to the July 2006 census, the present population of Bhutan is 2,279,723. The most recent population growth rate estimated is about 2.1%, which is likely to double by 2016. In 2003, the GDP of Bhutan was estimated to be $ 2.9 billion and the per capita income was estimated to be $1400. Due to slow economic growth, population increase, and dependence on agriculture the country is rated among the poorest and least developed nations of the world. Approximately 80% of the population is associated with agriculture for employment. According to Lungten Norbu (2004), there is no disparity between the rich and poor in Bhutan. As he states that the rapid quality assessment carried out in Bhutan in 2000 showed that the average income per person per day is as low as Nu 40 which is less than $1 per person per day. According to the Planning Commission report quoted by Norbu (2004) the “household income is significantly less in the rural areas (Nu 33) than in urban areas (Nu 70).” Bhutan depends a lot on foreign aid for its development. According to a report published in The Kathmandu Post (March 30, 1999) India has financed the first two five year economic development plans of Bhutan. At the same time, it has also financed its security forces and the entire cost of Chuka Hydal power plant. India has also helped Bhutan with its imports and exports.
Bhutan is one of those countries where monarchy prevails. Due to some major reforms in the past, the absolute monarchy has now taken the shape of democracy. According to the CIA World Factbook (2006), since 1972, the chief of the state is King Jigme Singye Wangchuck. Since September 2005 the head of the state is the chairman of the Council of Ministers Sangay Ngedup. The monarch nominates the Council of Ministers or the cabinet members for a period of five years. The nomination of the ministers is also approved in the National Assembly. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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