Free

The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability to dig tunnels in dry and moist sand - Lab Report Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In order to determine these, the ants were exposed to different conditions including moist and dry sand in the presence or absence of light and…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability to dig tunnels in dry and moist sand
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability to dig tunnels in dry and moist sand"

The Effect of Light and Darkness on the Harvester Ants Introduction The effect of light and darkness on the harvester ants as well as their capacity to dig tunnels in dry and moist sand was examined. In order to determine these, the ants were exposed to different conditions including moist and dry sand in the presence or absence of light and darkness. There are various types of harvester ant species around the world (Tschinkel, 1999).pogomyrmex barbatus commonly referred to as red harvester ant is one of them (Lavigne, 1969). The established colony can be up to 10 thousand ants. It is well known that these ants typically live in dry desert conditions (Lavigne, 1969). They are also favored in exposed and open areas whereby their nests can be about 4.5 meters deep underground (MacKay, 1981).
Results and discussion
The experiment was divided into 3 groups including control group and experimental group. The two experimental groups had both moist and dry sand but one had darkness and light while the other had darkness. Basing on the results, it was observed that there was a difference on the effect of light and darkness on the ability of the ant to dig the tunnel. Also the ants were observed to have a great ability to dig tunnels in dry sand than wet sand. The light promoted the ants in the digging of the tunnels. Therefore, it can be concluded that light supports the ant in digging the tunnels while darkness does not. This is clearly evident in the group of darkness. In this case, the measurements of the tunnel are lower in this group than that of light group both for dry and wet sand. It was also observed that the ants were more capable of digging tunnels in dry sand than in wet sand. This is true because according to the literature, it is well known that these ants typically live in dry desert conditions. They are also favored in exposed and open areas whereby their nests can be about 4.5 meters deep underground (Lavigne, 1969). The results of the experiment were satisfactory because they were in line with the literature. They tend not to be confirmatory results and they may act as a basis for other further studies. This is because most of the issues were not considered to mimic the natural environment of the ants and this can affect their natural behavior, hence, leading to significant errors in the experiment. Thus, this can result to unscrupulous conclusion. Also the number of the ants needs to be considered, in the experiment the number of ants used tends not to be appropriate to give excellent results.
Conclusion
In conclusion, the results mean that light and darkness have an impact on the ants’ behavior which was tunnel digging but in this case, the results are not conclusive. In this regard, it is suggested that further studies should be done to confirm the results of this experiment.
Works Cited
Primary article
Lavigne, R.J.Bionomics and nest structure of Pogonomyrmex occidentalis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 62: 1166–1175, 1969.Print
Secondary articles
MacKay, W.P.A comparison of the nest phenologies of three species of Pogonomyrmex harvester ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Psyche 88: 25–74, 1981.Print
Tschinkel, W.R. Sociometry and sociogenesis of colonies of the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius: distribution of workers, brood and seed within the nest in relation to colony size and season. Ecol. Entomol. 24: 222–237, 1999.Print Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability Lab Report”, n.d.)
The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability Lab Report. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1641537-the-effects-of-light-and-darkness-on-harvester-ants-and-their-ability-to-dig-tunnels-in-dry-and-moist-sand
(The Effects of Light and Darkness on Harvester Ants and Their Ability Lab Report)
The Effects of Light and Darkness on Harvester Ants and Their Ability Lab Report. https://studentshare.org/biology/1641537-the-effects-of-light-and-darkness-on-harvester-ants-and-their-ability-to-dig-tunnels-in-dry-and-moist-sand.
“The Effects of Light and Darkness on Harvester Ants and Their Ability Lab Report”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1641537-the-effects-of-light-and-darkness-on-harvester-ants-and-their-ability-to-dig-tunnels-in-dry-and-moist-sand.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability to dig tunnels in dry and moist sand

Ants: genetical testing

...I The study is to determine whether or not the two groups of ants belong to the same species can be determined through genetic testing of Leads, 2007). Careful transport and proper labeling of samples coming from each of the groups of ants must be made to ensure the viability of the sample for genetic testing. It is irrelevant if the ants collected are sterile or are female. They will all carry the genetic code of the mother. Since the mother mates with flying male ants then it is better to test for the maternal gene, which is a more stable and a constant variable. If genetic testing is not an available option then mere observation of behavior will do. Upon...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Light and Darkness in Shakespeare's Othello

...of Light and Darkness in Othello It is notable that in his depiction of Othello, Shakespeare features a man of African descent as its main character in which the parallel usage of light and dark images is featured, not just to depict the shallowness of racial discrimination but also to highlight the usage of metaphor in demonstrating themes of good and evil, love and hatred, and purity and corruption. Shakespeare makes sure that the images of light and darkness are present not only impliedly but also concretely when he decides to use a man of African descent as the Othello character.6 Prejudice against blacks is overtly present and is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Dry Bones

...and number] in format: 12 May 2002] Case Study Dry Bones A major element in reconstructing a person's physical appearance after all soft tissue have deteriorated over time is the actual skeletal remains. It is far easier when an entire skeleton is intact, but, ultimately, time and nature have a way of eroding the most important distinct features that each of us hold distinctive. An attempt will be made to reconstruct the physical attributes of what remains of the following four sets of skeletal remains. Set 1: Body in Spain The subject would be at least a middle-aged adult due to the missing maxilla and mandible sockets. It would also appear that since the sutures of the skull have completely fused it would appear...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Big dig

...be ignored and the value should be understood. The reasons for choosing this item I was aware that 200 years from now, one of my relatives is going to dig the place which is my backyard now and as a token of love and blessing, I wanted to bury a gift which should be of immense value even at the time it is going to be found. I chose the book “The One Minute Guide To Prosperity And Enlightenment” by Sri Siva to bury in my backyard (“The One Minute .”, n.d.). This book has all the qualities that I was looking for in the gift that I wanted to leave for my future relatives. The reasons for which I chose this book as a gift are as follows: Tool When I was given an opportunity to bury a special gift for my future relatives, I...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Germinal: Discussion of Light versus Darkness

...3 Short Answers for 3 Different Topics The Germinal: Discussion of Light versus Darkness The book is written in an imagery of germination, giving forth new lives that are hope and prosperity. It explains on the exploitative working conditions of workers in the mines exposing them to poor living conditions. This suffering seems to come to an end eventually when the workers incited by Etienne and Souvarine, decide to riot in order to protest the poor working conditions in mines. However, this yields no fruits since the workers are repressed b y the police and army. They are forced to return to work under the same conditions they earlier detested. They blame Etienne for failure of the strike and Souvarine...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Dig Data Integration Outlines

...Dig Data Integration Outlines Number: Lecturer: Introduction Big data integration is a new technique that is being adopted by many organizations currently. There are is a need to have strategies and ways in big data integration can be achieved in an organization. This paper will assess a framework which can be used to integrate big data into an organization. The framework that is adopted in the development of big data integration is discussed below: Technology choice: Bulk data integration- entails the retrieval, translation and loading of data from various input sources or databases that are targeted. Real-time integration- mirroring and low latency data integration- The technology is basically applied when merging databases... Data...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Light Changes Darkness, Love Changes Hate

...was superficial. In relation to darkness, I once had a friend who was addicted to drugs. He was always in problems and this depicted the darkness he had to go through. At one time, I chose to advise him against using drugs and he agreed to undergo rehabilitation. This helped him overcome his addiction leading him towards the morality and righteousness. Based on my experiences, I have come to the realization that hate and darkness simply exaggerate problems and this has guided me to encourage people to love while further striving to remain in the light in all their endeavors. Overall, it is imperative that we all seek to spread love and not hate. By doing this, we will...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The communication of Ants

... Question One: The extent they are found in Animals. Use of language in communication is also found in animals. For instances, ants are able to communicate with one another by use of smells, visual images, sounds and touch. Ants communicate with one another by touching each other with their antennae, and leaving a scent, so that other ants should follow (Oller, 2008). However, their language system is generic in nature, and they are not learned, as that of the human beings. Based on this fact, the communication system of ants is not complex. Question Two: The Communication System of Ants. Ants normally communicate with one another, through the use of pheromones, touch and sound. Pheromone is a chemical signal that helps... in the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Leading in the Darkness and the Light

... Case Study: Leading in the Darkness and the Light Question One: The President took risks in the rescue even though he was told it would take four months for the entire mission. The mission could use a lot of money, but he went ahead and made sure that all materials and equipments required were used like uplift drillers and equipments. He had set no firm deadline or date for the rescue to be complete. He established the vision and others took action. The president went ahead and put the minister and the operations chief of state-owned company called Codelco in charge of the mission. No one had ever tried to extract miners trapped in such depths, but the president even knowing that there was even a 2% chance he insisted... of the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Leading in the Darkness and the Light - Answers

.... Such policies may include better pay for low-income earners and a more equitable tax system so as to distribute wealth equitably. Also, policies that would ensure access to affordable quality services to the people would be a big boost to the country. Response to Question 6 The possible lessons from the case study are that as a leader, one may apply different forms of leadership depending on the situation. However, the most important thing is providing direction and remaining committed to the cause. Delegation of duties, as evidenced in the rescue, is also necessary to enhance efficiency. Works Cited Northouse, Peter G. Leadership: Theory and Practice, 6th Edition. California: SAGE Publications, 2012. Humphrey,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Lab Report on topic The effects of light and darkness on harvester ants and their ability to dig tunnels in dry and moist sand for FREE!

Contact Us