StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

The evolution and behavior of a primate species - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The earliest primates had developed by 60 million years ago and were small,arboreal insect eaters.Their initial adaptation to life in trees set the stage for the subsequent appearance of other primate models.Primates are thought to have developed several of their traits and habits initially while residing in trees. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
The evolution and behavior of a primate species
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The evolution and behavior of a primate species"

Download file to see previous pages A key factor to this argument is that primates relied on sight over smell. They were able to develop a keen sense of depth perception, perhaps because of the constant leaping that was necessary to move about the trees. Their initial adaptation to life in trees set the stage for the subsequent appearance of other primate models ("Paleoanthropology/Primates/Humans"). By "arboreal", we refer to the arboreal theory proposed by Le Gros Clark, claiming that primates evolved from their ancestors by adapting to arboreal life. Primates are thought to have developed several of their traits and habits initially while residing in trees. A key factor to this argument is that primates relied on sight over smell. They were able to develop a keen sense of depth perception, perhaps because of the constant leaping that was necessary to move about the trees. The development of the hands and feet in Primates, which made them capable of grasping, was also believed to be a result of arboreal life, which required a great deal of crawling along branches, and reaching out for food, usually fruits ("Arboreal theory").Considered as generalist mammals (species that are able to adapt well in a wide variety of environmental conditions and can make the most of a variety of different resources), primates show a wide range of characteristics. Some primates, including humans and baboons, do not live primarily in trees, but all species possess adaptations for climbing trees and the like.
The evolution of primates started with the Plesiadapis going back to at least 65 mya. From that time until today, there is a vast difference in the species. In all aspects - behavioral, physical, and cognitive - the primate species have definitely transformed to adapt to its environment. Just as the gist of Charles Darwin's theory on evolution states, it is the survival of the fittest (Darwin). The species, then, transformed because of its need to survive.
In the cognitive aspect, the primate's intelligence developed due to reasons that would ensure its survival. Just as apes realized the importance of arboreal locomotion, soon after, some of them have developed the skill in tool-making, and would use them to acquire food and for social displays, especially observed with chimpanzees (Byrne 559). Chimpanzees are also observed to use objects as tools to solve new and novel problems ("Paleoanthropology/Primates/Humans"). By the development of their cognitive element, the physical aspect is too, affected. Primates are particularly large-brained compared to other species, and with the growing cognition, the brain too grows in size. The physical evolution of the primate species, wherein evidences are most apparent in skulls unearthed from the different periods, is very much connected to their behavioral evolution. Also, the bones in the primate's body changed through the different eras. With the increasing intelligence of the primate species, it is then the behavior that changes and transforms. This is then the evolvement of the primates' social behavior.
Behavior of primates, in relation to social systems, Richard Wrangham stated that non-human primates' social systems are best classified by the amount of movement by females occurring between groups. He proposed four categories: (1) Female transfer system. It is in this category that the females move away from a group in which they were born. The females in a group are not closely related, whereas the males usually remain with their natal ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The evolution and behavior of a primate species Essay”, n.d.)
The evolution and behavior of a primate species Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1508750-the-evolution-and-behavior-of-a-primate-species
(The Evolution and Behavior of a Primate Species Essay)
The Evolution and Behavior of a Primate Species Essay. https://studentshare.org/biology/1508750-the-evolution-and-behavior-of-a-primate-species.
“The Evolution and Behavior of a Primate Species Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1508750-the-evolution-and-behavior-of-a-primate-species.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The evolution and behavior of a primate species

Staff Management

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Primate Behavior and Conservation

...?Primate Behaviour and Conservation Infanticide by males in several special species of animals is a well studied phenomenon and researches have been trying for years to identify reasons for this. It has been observed in several non-human primates and has even been hypothesised to be the driving force behind male-female associations through evolution. In this paper, some of the reasons for infanticide in primates will be presented and I will argue that the ‘sexual selection hypothesis’ presents the most logical argument for this happening. Before introducing infanticide and the possible reasons for it, it is worth taking a look at the social structure of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Primate Observation

...to that of the humans. To this end, its physical attributes show an intricate familiarity to that of humans. Consequently, archaeological scientists have strongly correlated the ancient evolution of man to that of the ape lineage. Furthermore, the chimpanzee is credited with having the most social and intelligent characteristics similar to that of human beings. To this end, its ability to correctly utilize tools in extracting food points towards the evolution of the human mind in terms of technical applications. Furthermore, there social construct of both chimpanzees and gorillas exhibit cooperation, family set ups and bonding and protective mechanisms that are inherently similar to human actions and...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Anthropology. Evolution

...and pigeons that have common ancestors as the wild animals however they bear various distinct physical and behavioral characteristics. Question 3 There are various evidences that indicate humans being a typical primate. A primate is expected to have distinct characters that distinguish it from other species. One of these traits is thermoregulation. For maintaining body temperature, they have hair for insulation and sweat glands. Furthermore, they are warm blooded due to which they are able to respond to external temperature changes. Second important trait of a primate is nutritional efficiency (Orzech, 2005). They consume sufficient quantity of food that...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Primate Observations

...the theories of common ancestry and evolution both of which explain the origin of humans and other animals. According to the two theories, animals of a similar family may reproduce of result in different species. The same is evident in the three primates all of who share a common ancestor. Nevertheless, due to survival requirements the three adapted thereby evolving to be completely different animals. Works cited Kinzey, Warren G. New World Primates: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1997. Print. Rose, Elizabeth. Animal Adaptations for Survival. New York: PowerKids Press, 2005. Print. Ruse, Michael, and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Primate Social Behavior Tell Us About Human Evolution

...Primate Social Behavior Tell Us about Human Evolution Faculty Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Primate III. Social Behavior IV. Human Evolution V. Conclusion VI. Reference I. Introduction Understanding primate social behavior to understand human evolution is very important. The social behavior culture and different aspects of human society have changed from million of years and is still changing. The culture, social relationships and roles within a society has developed and evolved now. There are various factors which impact this process of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Astronomy - Research the constellation, Ophiuchus

1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Critique of Article About Primate Behavior

... number] Critique of Article About Primate Behavior Much of the researches about chimpanzees have been utilized to provide clues to human behavior. This is not a surprise as chimpanzees are the closest living relatives of humans; hence, share a number of traits such as the sense of self and community, the capacity use tools in building their nests and in hunting. Chimpanzees have high intellectual capacity, one that is “familiar to human beings…a type of behavior which counts as specifically human” (Goodall). In the particular research which is the subject of this critique, Claudie Tennie, Robert O’ Malley and Ian Gilby provides an insight to an intuitive intellect exhibited by chimpanzees, and how they use this intelligence... beings...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Primate Infanticide

... to note that not only primates practice infanticide, but it is a behavior that is rampant across some groups of birds and lions as well. Whereas some anthropology scholars attribute primate infanticide to pathological behavior, it is important to remember that comprehensive research point out to the practice being a male reproductive strategy. References Borries, C., Launhardt, K., Epplen, C., Epplen, J. T., & Winkler, P. (1999). DNA analyses support the hypothesis that infanticide is adaptive in langur monkeys. The Royal Society, 266, pg. 901-904. Palombit, R. A. (n.d). Infanticide and the Evolution of Pair Bonds in Nonhuman Primates. Evolutionary Anthropology.... Primate Infanticide Primate...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Primate evolution

...Anatomical Features that Occurred During Primate Evolution Bipedal movement is an anatomical feature that came about as aresult of extensive skeletal changes in the body structure of early primates. The changes surfaced during the evolution of Australopithecus and Homo erectus. The change marked a transition from locomotion by use of four limbs to movement using the two hind limbs. The changes in the skeletal structure include alterations of the femur and the pelvic region for adequate support of the upper body weight. The big toe of the feet also becomes aligned with the other toes to enable the primates to move forward. The shortening of arms also...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The evolution and behavior of a primate species for FREE!

Contact Us