Immunization and Antibody Production - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Explain antibody formation resulting from both natural and artificial exposure to antigens Immunologically, it is said that the body is naive to the antigen before they encounter them…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
Immunization and Antibody Production
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Immunization and Antibody Production"

Download file to see previous pages In encountering the antigen, the body can only do so through natural situations or artificial. In the natural situation, we consider attack by antigen of specific ailment such as small pox. The antigen will cause clinical symptoms and the body will react by producing antibodies against the small pox. In the artificial antibody production, not the virulent form of the antigen are used but those that are killed or attenuated and have no ability to caused clinical symptoms unless one is immune compromised (Goldsby 2005). Antibody Formation There is no difference whether antibodies are naturally produced or artificially produced, there will only be difference in the antigen part, this is because that antigen of the natural simulation are real and do cause clinical symptoms. Those of artificial stimulation are not able to cause clinical symptoms since they do nit have the virulent parts but structurally resembles the real antigen. Given the fact that antibodies are simply modified globulin, their formation is closely relate to that which involves globulin formation (Goldsby 2005). The first step involves the antigen being held at the site where antibodies are being produced and synthesis of the antibody will be initiated around the site where antigen molecule is found....
In the contrary, if the forces between the ends of the chain and that to the antigen are weak, it will necessitate the release of one end of the antibody from the antigen since it will dissociate (Lydyard and Whelan 2011). The dissociation of one end of the chain from the antigen will make the centre of the chain to coil forming a more stable configuration that will results in to a complete antibody. The eventual process is the dissociation of the antibody from the antigen and floats away as a free antibody. Once the antibody has been formed, it is memorized into the body and in case of second attack with the same antigen; there will be numerous production of the antibody that always leads to faster clearance of the antigen hence faster recovery from the antigenic attack. 2. Evaluate the effects of mass immunization programmers Immunization is the introduction of attenuated or killed antigens into the body of healthy persons such that the body can be triggered to produce in response, antibodies that will combat live antigens of the same nature in future. Vaccines are very specific and when one is immunized a gains a certain disease; they only become protected against that disease and not any other. Immunization can be active or passive depending on the nature of the antigen that are used to make the body respond through antibody production (Plotkin 2006). Immunization is therefore scheduled when there s an outbreak of a disease in the offing. Mass immunization is therefore an immunization program that is intended for a large number of people within one or several places in relatively short time. Mass immunization is therefore able to provide control for contagious diseases that are envisaged ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Immunization and Antibody Production Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1477614-1-explain-antibody-formation-resulting-from-both-natural-and-artificial-exposure-to-antigens-2-evaluate-the-effects-of-mass
(Immunization and Antibody Production Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1477614-1-explain-antibody-formation-resulting-from-both-natural-and-artificial-exposure-to-antigens-2-evaluate-the-effects-of-mass.
“Immunization and Antibody Production Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1477614-1-explain-antibody-formation-resulting-from-both-natural-and-artificial-exposure-to-antigens-2-evaluate-the-effects-of-mass.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Immunization and Antibody Production

Antibody targeted drugs for cancer therapy

...?Antibody targeted drugs for cancer therapy ic anticancer treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgical resection. These treatments not only have high failure rates, but are also associated with significant side effects which can be debilitating and severe because of their impact on normal tissues. Application of monoclonal antibodies for target approach of cancer therapy because of hybridoma technology which has contributed to the production of monoclonal antibodies. Strategies for this therapeutic application are destruction of cancer cells that are directed by immune reaction, interference of the therapy with the growth and...
20 Pages(5000 words)Dissertation

Childhood immunization

...? Number] Childhood Immunization A baby is born with certain level of protection against the diseasesbecause the antibiotics from the mother’s body are transferred to him through placenta (Hviid and Melbye, p1277). After the birth breastfeeding allows the babies to continue receiving the antibodies through the breast milk but this protection is temporary and a baby requires higher level of immunisation to remain protected from different diseases. The childhood immunisation is the essential process that provides required protection to the babies against the diseases and creates resistance in their bodies to fight with the viruses of different diseases. The childhood immunisation is a shield that protect...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

No Shots, no Service Policy - Immunization Woes

...antibodies that disable or destroy the invading disease causing agents such as viruses or bacteria. In essence these processes prepare the immune system to fight against particular disease causing agents. Viral immunizations use the weakened or dead form of the virus that is introduced into the body. Bacterial immunizations may be carried out through the introduction of a very small portion of the dead bacteria to activate antibody production. The effectiveness of the approach may be enhanced through occasional repeat immunizations known as ‘boosters.’ Vaccination is one among the most effective preventive measures...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

HP2C: Health Program Evaluation of Immunization Safety

...? Immunization Safety Evaluation: Phases and Stakeholders (Your School) Immunization Safety Evaluation: Phases and Stakeholders One of the most important public health interventions is immunization; hence the safety of vaccine products and the adverse events that follow immunization require careful monitoring. This is because vaccines are administered on a large scale on healthy individuals of all ages. Adverse reactions can follow post-immunization period and these concerns should be promptly identified to allow additional research and appropriate action to take place. This calls for immunization safety evaluation....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Research project: Maternal influenza immunization

...influenza infection rates amongst infants. According to Healy and Baker (2006) "Maternal immunization, with the passage of protective antibody to infants, is a potential strategy to prevent infection in infants" (275). Certain studies have shown that the influenza vaccine that was administered in the second or third trimester of gestation was safe in the study population (Munoz, 2005, p.1105). We will explore, in this aspect, the effectiveness of maternal immunization in mothers and infants. The immunization process is explored from two main aspects: the immunogenicity of pneumococcal vaccines, as pneumonia is one of the most severe complications of influenza infections...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Pneumonia incidence with immunization

...Pneumonia incidence with immunization Introduction Pneumonia is a fatal disease affecting people of all age groups with varying pathogenesis and outcomes. In children, the majority of deaths occur in the newborn period, with over two million deaths a year worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that one in three newborn infant deaths are due to pneumonia and WHO also estimates that up to 1 million of these (vaccine preventable) deaths are caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae, and 90% of these deaths take place in developing countries(World Health Organisation[WHO], 1999) Mortality from pneumonia generally decreases with age until late adulthood. Elderly individuals, however, are at particular risk...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Immunization vs incidence of Autism

...Running Head: IMMUNIZATION VS INCIDENCE Immunization vs Incidence in Autism Brian Hasse Hardin Simmons Patty Hanks Shelton School of Nursing Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program NURS ????/?? – ??? C. Northrup, Instructor December 6, 2008 Introduction The apparent increasing incidence of autism makes this topic a very important one. Autism itself has been a baffling condition for many years. Diagnosing it and identifying the causes have been equally challenging. Nevertheless, many young children, and now even adults, are struggling to fit into society and function normally with this disorder. Like any other disorder that interferes with a human’s quality of life, the medical community is concerned with finding, if not a cure... , then the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Developing Performance Measures for Immunization Registries

...to monitor the progress. In the second phase, 16 registry projects were used and pilot tested with refined performance indicators to test the efficacy of the system. The program was a huge success as it demonstrated the effectiveness of IT services in healthcare industry. It was able to monitor and measure the progress of immunization registries and evaluate the extent of program outreach through performance indicators that were developed to monitor the progress. Good health of the people is key component of a country’s development programs and policies. A healthy individual is able to contribute in the development processes by working productively and participating in the socio-economic activities of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Monoclonal antibody vs small molecules pharmacology

...guidelines, and regulatory agencies shall all be investigated. A conclusion will thus be drawn. Early human exploratory development Given the risky and fatal impact of failed drug production in humans, the need to be comprehensively certain of the efficacy, function and overall pharmacological outcomes of a clinical drug is very important. It is against this backdrop that early human exploratory development has been used over the years as the first part of any clinical development phase of a novel compound or clinical drug where the compound or drug is assessed for tolerability, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics in humans (Jefferis, 2007). Differential characteristics of monoclonal antibody and...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Immunization

...Immunization Moral and ethical debates surrounding immunization. Immunization is the process that enables a person tobe immune or resistant to infectious diseases. It is accomplished by administration of vaccines that stimulate the body immune system against later potential infection by the same disease-causing organisms. Immunization is a controversial topic and has both moral and ethical implications. The decision to vaccinate or not has an impact on the health of the child and the society. Parents have a right to decide whether to vaccinate their children or not. However, they should understand the effects of such decision on the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Immunization and Antibody Production for FREE!

Contact Us