quora
Nobody downloaded yet

A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Course Instructor Date Bioremediation, Algal biofuel and Microcosm Bioremediation Plan Bioremediation is a viable option for a weapons and explosives (TNT, ammunition) burial ground. Nitroaromatic compounds such as 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) are xenobiotics that can undergo microbial degradation in the environment but the process is relatively slow…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.7% of users find it useful
A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior"

Download file to see previous pages This would also prevent the unrestricted removal of the explosives and weapons. In addition, this would also prevent accidental release of TNT to water sources. A perimeter fence should be erected on the burial ground, and before the process of bioremediation commences, a mines expert should conduct a risk assessment of the area. This is to ensure that personnel are protected from the random detonation of explosives especially cluster bombs. Protection material should be issued to personnel as TNT is toxic and carcinogenic. The nitroaromatic compounds will be degraded at field scale by employing in situ bioremediation strategies. The microbial cultures for aerobic respiration will comprise of Pseudomonas spp. The rate of the bioremediation process will be increased via biostimulation and this entails the incorporation of nutrient media to boost process efficiency and activity of monooxygenase enzyme. These bacteria will utilize TNT as a nitrogen source by removing it in nitrite form from TNT under aerobic conditions. Further aerobic respiration will result in the reduction of nitrite to ammonium. However other by-products such as nitroso and hydroxylamine intermediates will be formed. After aerobic degradation, anaerobic degradation will follow using Clostridium spp . The Clostridium spp will fully degrade the toxic intermediates. The fermentable sugar that will be supplemented will be molasses and it will provide energy for the Clostridium spp to degrade the nitrate contaminants. After the bioremediation process, follow up tests should be conducted on the soil to check for the presence of nitroaromatic compounds. Routine monitoring should entail collection of soil samples to test nitroaromatic contaminants using high power liquid chromatography (HPLC). Question 2 The process of generating biofuels using algae is viable. Genetic modification can be incorporated to produce recombinant high oil yielding Spirulina alga strains. The alga strains will be cultivated in a pond using starter culture of superior genetically modified alga strains. The special ponds are open paddle wheel mixed ponds. These ponds are low cost and have a low parasitic energy demand (Lundquist, et al 3). The biomass will be harvested via bioflocculation followed by the process of sedimentation. The formed algae slurry will be thickened via gravity sedimentation. Drying of the biomass will be done using solar heat. A hexane extraction plant will be set up to extract oils from the dry algae biomass. The plant must have a large capacity that is approximately 4000 metric tons per day for favorable economies of scale. After extraction of oil from the alga biomass, the residual biomass is recycled back in the pond. It is re-wetted before the process of anaerobic digestion in order to yield biogas and flue gas. Biogas is used to generate electricity that is used in the pond. Flue gas is a source of carbon dioxide in the pond. Other digester residues comprise of carbon and nutrients and they are also recycled in the pond for alga propagation. The nutrients comprise of the much needed phosphorus and nitrogen that is essential for algal growth. Recycling of these crucial nutrients provides a major cost cutting measure. Question 3 The chapter, E.coli genesis from the book Microcosm: E. coli and the New Science of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1470738-a-weapons-and-explosives-ammunition-tnt-burial
(A Weapons and Explosives (ammunition, TNT) Burial Ground Was Recently Essay)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1470738-a-weapons-and-explosives-ammunition-tnt-burial.
“A Weapons and Explosives (ammunition, TNT) Burial Ground Was Recently Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1470738-a-weapons-and-explosives-ammunition-tnt-burial.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Burial at Thebes
After being influenced by 5th century BC Greek tragedy Antigone written by Sophocles, Heaney came up with his own interpretation titled, The Burial at Thebes, subtly reflecting the Iraq war and the authoritarian decisions of former US President, George W Bush.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
TNT Scenario

Technology can also be termed as an opportunity for the company. In this regard, it is important to highlight that the requirements and needs for business to business and business to customer have not changed much and still correspondence and communication is vital part of their business strategy. However, they have changed their communication method from postal to the digital aspect.

5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
TNT Case
The aim of a company is created with an intention of supporting the mission statement. For example TNT company‘s aim focuses on providing
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
Nuclear Weapons
Today, five nations – the U.S., United Kingdom, Russia, China and France – are officially recognised as possessing nuclear weapons. Pakistan and India have tested nuclear weapons and it is not known if Israel possesses nuclear weapon capability. Recently,
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Ground Engineering
Below this layer is sandy silt and clay mixed with coarse particles of rounded or angular shape which continues up to 10 m where the hard bed rock is observed. The strength parameters of the soil at the site is as shown in table 1. Based on the soil type observed and the nature of structure to be constructed the most feasible type of foundation for the Ratho station structure would be pile foundation.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Chinese Burial Practices
To a certain extent, various circumstances determine Chinese burial practices and funeral rites such as the reason the person died, how old they were, if they were married or not and what their social
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Common ground
The emerging new products and services became hugely popular with the consumers who started making a beeline for them. Of all the new goods and services, process food industry and paint industry were the major
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
EXPERT PRACTICE
nts (with masters or doctoral status) have exposed them to all sorts of patients and diseases and hence they perform this role well (Hamric, Spross and Hanson, 2008). A CNS has several indirect roles all which are related to care of the patient but not directly as mentioned
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Expert Systems
every walk of life. It has offered wonderful techniques which allow organizations to carry out their daily tasks smoothly. In this scenario, this paper presents an overview of expert systems. An expert system is believed to be an information system or decision support system but actually it is different from these systems.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Expert systems
A typical DSS may “collect, store, process, and provide access to information to support managerial decision making. Decision support facilitate unstructured and one-off decision making, as the standard reporting capabilities of MIS s were perceived to be more suitable for routine day-to-day decisions.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us