Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Link Between Biology and Criminology - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Link between Biology and Criminology Criminology involves studies on criminal behavior and it can broadly be classified into old and new school of thought. Unlike the new school of thought, the early school of thought relied on inheritance as the key factor required in explaining criminal behavior…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Link Between Biology and Criminology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Link Between Biology and Criminology"

Download file to see previous pages This does not imply that criminologist should not rely on biology as a tool for explaining criminal behavior. Biology is a science that explains human physiology and therefore, it has a chance in human behavior, which incorporates criminology. Nature vs. Nature Most biological theories of criminology rely on hereditary factors as the main source of criminal behavior. Such theories associate social changes and human behavior on genes, which define the relationship between parents and their children. According to Earnest, there is a clear difference between evolution and genetics (2007). Genetics deals with hereditary traits that characterize an individual while evolution focus on the wider scope of changes taking place in the society due to interaction with the societal environment. On the other hand, criminologists focus on criminal behavior or factors that make people to have criminal minds. Evolution and genetic theories are critical elements that link biology and criminology. According to evolution theories, criminal behavior can be viewed as a form of adaptation. On the other hand, genetic theories associate the presence of an extra Y chromosome among male with crime and criminal activities. Biologists also rely on the formation of the skull to explain criminal behavior among people. The mental state of an individual is also another factor that biologist use to explain criminal behavior. ...
Most serial killers have been found to be quiet and introverted types of individuals. Mental abnormality or insanity that is responsible for criminal behavior cannot be detected through ordinary sanity tests such as the Durham and Brawner rules. There is concrete evidence that genes, which are encoded or defined by the DNA, determine certain traits such as skin color. Biologists have extended hereditary factors to include other abstract human traits such as aggression, sexual orientation, and personality. Nature vs. nature debate considers the existence of behavior genes, which influences people’s behaviors including criminality. Nature vs. nature debate is been ruled out as a source of criminal behavior for fear that people will use the theories to justify their criminality. The other controversial phenomenon related to the nature vs. nature debate is the dilemma of fraternal twins. According to the nature vs. nature debate, fraternal twins would have similar characteristics if environment does not play a role in shaping their behavior (Walsh, 2002). Thus, any pair of fraternal twins should have striking similarities in their behavior including their level of criminality. The hypothesis also suggests that twins would have similar behaviors despite having been brought up in different environmental and social conditions. However, this does not necessarily hold true since twins develop individual or personal behavior despite having closely related genetic factors. The fraternal twin phenomenon disqualifies the overall assumption of genes as the main factor that influences criminal behavior. This phenomenon forms the fundamental aspect of the nature vs. nature theory, which considers the environment as the main aspect that influences criminal behavior. According to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Link Between Biology and Criminology Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Link Between Biology and Criminology Research Paper)
“Link Between Biology and Criminology Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Link Between Biology and Criminology

Link Between Physical Inactivity and Obesity Queried

...? Link Between Physical Inactivity and Obesity Queried (Word Count 2240) goes here> Number> Submitted> ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to review current literature, United Kingdom government health policies, and World Health Organization viewpoints on physical activity and the issue of obesity. The study covers UK-based literature, studies and government health policies on physical activity and obesity. The standpoint and recommendations of the WHO on obesity and physical activity is also compared with current UK health policy. The evaluation revealed that the UK government is keeping in line with the WHO focus on lifestyle modification as a means of preventing obesity. However, several other...
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review

Link between ADHD and Criminal Behavior

...? Link between ADHD and Criminal Behavior Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects many children and especially teenagers. The major consequences of this disorder include learning disabilities, increased anxiety and anti-social behavior. However, recent studies have indicated that there is a correlation between this disorder and criminal behavior. It is evident that ADHD leads to the onset and development of criminal activities. This paper discusses how ADHD causes criminal behavior. It analyzes the various aspects of ADHD that indicates and causes criminal behavior. It provides the premise that several ADHD related behaviors like drug abuse, bullying, poor self-control, personality disorders as well as depression... areas,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Biological Roots of Criminal Behavior terrorism to criminality” (Rafter, 2009, p. 199). The renewed interest in biocriminology has resulted in a number of theoretical assumptions. For instance, Robinson et al (2008) identified the progress made in scientific understandings of the connection between genes, the human brain and corresponding social conduct. According to Robinson et al (2008), the link is explained by reference to “two key vectors of influence” (p. 896). The two key vectors of influences occur as follows: Social information alters gene expression in the brain to influence behavior, and genetic variation influences brain function and social behavior (Robinson et al, 2008, p. 896). McInerney (1999) argued however, that genes...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Link Between Language Acquisition and Learning Disabilities

...common in males as compared to females, with ratios between 3.7:1 and 5.7:1. The more conventional approximation probably applies to the common population. The point at which a pediatrician become worried regarding a kid’s language development and feels the necessity to as for additional assessment is not an insignificant issue when considering the occurrence of the trouble as well as the “developmental sequelae” (Grassi & Barker, 2009) of language disorders. More or less, one third to half of kids having acute language acquisition problems at the age of 2 years carry on to have delays at the age of 3 years. In addition, 65 percent to 95 percent of preschoolers who have language setback and regular nonverbal aptitude...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Refuting the Link between Autism and Vaccines

...? Refuting the Autism-Vaccine Link Amber Calixto Nevada College Refuting the Autism-Vaccine Link Vaccines containing mercury were found to have harmful effects on the human nervous system; as a result there has been constant effort to avoid using it as a preservative in vaccines for children. With this being said, there was no evidence of vaccines with mercury causing Autism or having a link with Autism until Dr. Andrew Wakefield, a British Gastroenterologist, published an article in The Lancet, pointing a link between the MMR vaccine and Autism (Kemp and Hart, 2010). Ever since Dr. Wakefield brought into light the link...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Link Between Stess and Illness

...? THE LINK BETWEEN STRESS AND ILLNESS: REVIEW OF LITERATURE Introduction The role of stress in exacerbating and precipitating illness is a well-established concept. Research through the decades has continued to demonstrate various ways in which psychological and physical stress can damage the physiologic functioning of various body organs and tissues, as well as affect the working of the mind. This paper shall provide a review of contemporary scientific knowledge on the relationship between stress and illness. It will also critically analyze a few sample studies on this topic. Discussion A general definition of stress can be given as a ‘negative emotional experience resulting from a mismatch between the individual’s appraisal... syndrome...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Link between Stress and Illness

...?Link between Stress and Illness Introduction There are moments in life that tend to exert pressure to an organism’s mental and cause him/her to be in a state of sorrow which in chronic state turns to depression and this makes the individual to be at a high risk of developing an illness. When an individual is introduced to drastic change of events, it may bring alterations on behaviour or biological processes of individuals to cause onset of disease. Chronic or long term stress has the capacity to expose an individual to develop illness because it causes permanent or prolonged psychological, biological, and behavioral reactions that facilitate development of illness (Despaus, 1999). Definition of terms...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Link Between PTSD and Traumatic Events

... The Link between PTSD and Traumatic Events Introduction Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, commonly known as PTSD, is a serious anxiety normally derived directly from the exposure to an event that causes psychological trauma. As the explanation suggests, PTSD occurs when the person meets a new kind of phenomenon that they are not used to in their natural environment (Card, 1987). For instance, take the sudden loud explosion of a bomb in the middle of the night. For many people, this can be very disturbing. Later on, it might lead to hallucinations that are serious and require emergency medical intervention. The explanation to PTSD offered in the first sentence also suggests that PTSD is a direct result of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Role of Biology in Contemporary Criminological Thinking

...An Evaluation of the Importance of Biology in Contemporary Criminological Thinking Considering the biological factor in any crime is ever becoming more relevant in today's study of crime. As more and more studies have concluded that a person's biochemistry would eventually affect how he might behave. Recent explosive development in the field genetic engineering further shed light on role of genes and heredity in determining one's probability to commit crimes. Advances in the field of neurology also established lots of connections between a person's brain structure or defects and the probability to commit crime. Biological theories on crime The notion that...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Link between Law, Democracy, and Governement

...Law, Democracy and Criminal Justice policy LINK BETWEEN LAW, DEMOCRACY AND GOVERNMENT AND THE EMPLOYEE BEHAVIOUR. Law, Democracy and Criminal Justice Policy 2 The Government of United States has its own inclination. Being considered as a supreme power among the other nations, it works under the hold of men who are able and excelled in power. As mentioned above ablest men take charge of the head of affairs. When analyzing the United States Government functions beneath the following demands such as, nation’s defense, economic privation, politicians and repugnant population. The word Democracy will come to the point when the subject of government is reviewed. Initially the word democracy...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Link Between Biology and Criminology for FREE!

Contact Us