Nobody downloaded yet

Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters - Research Proposal Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters Your name Your institution Specific Aims Oysters are an exotic, expensive luxury food item with high demand, however, the global production of oysters is limited. The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is one of the most common shellfish species used all over the world for aquaculture, with the enormous global demand for oysters giving it significant economic potential…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters"

Download file to see previous pages Due to the commercial nature of oysters, developing ways to improve their growth is very valuable. However, no association between sound waves, specifically the effect of high versus low intensity sounds, on the growth of the Pacific oyster have ever been studied. Sound exposure at high frequencies and intensities has been studied with respect to other plants, animals and fish, and the general conclusion is that sound has either no effect, or a positive effect on growth and survival upto a certain level. Specific Aim: The purpose of this research study is to determine the effect of increasing sound exposure (the intensity and frequency) on (1) the growth rate and (2) the survival of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Hypothesis: The working hypothesis is that increasing the intensity and frequency of sound exposure will cause a corresponding increase in the growth rate and survival of the oysters until a high level of sound intensity and frequency. Further, increasing the frequency and intensity of sound beyond that point will lead to either no further increase in growth, or cause a damaging effect and slow down their growth rate, or cause oysters to die. This study will be carried out by using oysters from an oyster farm. There will be 2 experiments involved, one will use oyster eggs and the other will use newly-formed larvae. This would be an experimental study using 6 groups of oyster eggs and larvae: 5 groups of eggs will be exposed to sound vibrations of increasing intensities and frequencies as follow: (1) 25 dB and 200 Hz, (2) 50 dB and 400 Hz, (3)75 dB and 600 Hz, (4)100 dB and 800 Hz, and (5)125 dB and 1000 Hz. The 6th will be exposed to no sounds (silence). Similarly, 6 groups of oyster larvae that are freshly spawned will be exposed to sound as detailed for eggs above. The total sample size of oysters would be 30 (5 in each group). 50 eggs will be used in each eggs group. Duration of the study would be 3 weeks, with the site as the local oyster farm. Sub-aim (1) To determine the effect of increasing sound intensity and frequency on survival during the first stage of oyster life: hatching from eggs to larvae to form ‘spat’. For this experiment, oyster larvae will be used, as normally only a small percentage of eggs spawn into larvae, we will determine whether more larvae are spawned in the presence of sound. Sub-aim (2) To determine the effect of increasing sound intensity and frequency on oyster growth from the larvae stage to the juvenile form over a period of 3 weeks. This experiment will use larvae newly spawned, and the mass of larvae at the end of 3 weeks will be measured, with some larvae exposed to sound, others to silence. If the mass of larvae that were exposed to sound is greater than the group that was in silence, it would prove the study hypothesis. Sub-aim (3) To determine the optimum intensity and frequency of sound at which the highest oyster growth is seen. Sound exposure will be given using sound fields into the water, sound intensity of 25 dB, 50 dB, 75 dB, 100 dB and 125 dB, and corresponding frequencies of 200, 400, 600, 800 and 100 Hz will be given to oyster eggs and larvae in different groups, and the mass of oysters will be measured for each group at the end of the experiment. As each group of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters Research Proposal”, n.d.)
Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters Research Proposal. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1434999-effect-of-sound-exposure-on-oysters
(Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters Research Proposal)
Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters Research Proposal. https://studentshare.org/biology/1434999-effect-of-sound-exposure-on-oysters.
“Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters Research Proposal”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1434999-effect-of-sound-exposure-on-oysters.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Effect of Pesticide on Lake Erie
Some samples contained a mixture of 18 pesticide compounds, which is among the highest number of pesticides detected in a sample nationally" (Water Quality in Lake Erie). "Overall, 30 different pesticides were detected within the basin.",+305+samples+were+collected+from+10+streams+in+the+basin&cd=1&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ua This poses grave dangers to the health of man and flora and fauna in the region and calls for immediate remedial actions to save the area from further contamination and disaster.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Proposal
Effect of Online Consumer Reviews/Ratings
It has been widely observed that a larger chunk of customers is going through the product- related-reviews provided on the internet to decide whether they should purchase that product. This research will examine this effect by applying both secondary as well as primary research methods in order to achieve the objectives.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Proposal
The Effect of Classroom Management on High School Academic Achievment
The purpose of this paper is to identify a situation in an academic situation and identify factors that play into a student's learning in order to develop a research proposal. The subject chosen to discuss is the effect of classroom management on high school academic achievement. The purpose of this particular issue is to identify whether or not the management of a classroom by its teachers, aids and even administrators has an effect on academic achievement in high school students.
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Proposal
Music Technology - Sound Design for the Moving Image
The academic literature defines sound design in general, as they pertain to television and film, in both technical and creative fashions, referring to sound design as primarily integrating elements of both, for the film for instance, is something of an integrative element to the whole experience of watching a movie.
10 Pages(2000 words)Research Proposal
Effect of sound on oyster
The personnel involved include the PI, a Post-doctoral research Associate attached at the center on service basis and two undergraduate students contracted on full time basis. Project Budget Budget item Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Total PI Salary $17,000 $17,000 $17,000 $51,000 Graduate Research Assistant $0 $0 $0 $0 Post-doc Research Associate $1,216 $1,282 $1,348 $3,846 Undergraduate Students (2) $21,000 $21,000 $21,000 $63,000 Total Salaries $39,216 $39,282 $39,348 $117,846 Fringe Benefits $6,282 $6,282 $6,282 $18,846 Supplies & Services $10,000 $5,000 $5,000 $20,000 Travel $2,000 $1,500 $3,500 $7,000 Permanent Equipment $0 $0 $0 $0 Subtotal Direct Costs $57,498 $52,064 $54,130 $163,692 Other co
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Effect of Media Violence On Youths
Media is not an issue, if it is viewed for a limited time; however, when an activity or a hobby becomes addictive, it results in the creation of a concern towards it. Similarly, when the youth start watching and relating with media all the time,
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Proposal
''How does the distance from the radius affect the frequency of its sound''
Dogs, for instance can detect vibrations with a frequency higher than twenty kilohertz. The matter through which sound waves travel is known as the medium, and that includes a vacuum. Sound is believed to be caused by small areas of low and high pressure vibrating outwards.
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Proposal
Radiation Risks and Paediatric Computed Tomography (CT): a cross-sectional study of medical practice and awareness of radiation related health risks and strategies to minimise radiation exposure to children among physicians
Because of this, for every problem they have started using machines for diagnosis. Some machines are harmful because they emit radiations that are very harmful for children’s health. In
3 Pages(750 words)Research Proposal
The role of Automatic Exposure Control in reduction MDCT radiation dose of chest and abdomen procedures
, one of which is AEC, which requires further research, especially with the use in children, to ensure the safety of the procedure for paediatric patients. Objective: To identify the role of Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) in reduction of Multiple Detectors Computerized
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Proposal
Long-term exposure to fine particulate and health
It has been apparently observed that the regions such as Iraq, Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf and Sudan reported the maximum incidences of dust storms. In this similar context, the problem of dust storms periodically occurs in the region of Saudi Arabia due to the results of climate change and divergence in the levels of rainfall.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Proposal on topic Effect of Sound Exposure on Oysters for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us