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Ocean Biome: Ocean Plant Energy Flow - Research Paper Example

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‘Biomes’ simply refer to similar climatic conditions on earth and they often indicate ecosystems. Plant structures, leaf types, plant spacing, and climate becomes a common base for defining biomes. This paper will discuss ocean biome, ocean plant energy flow, and five different plant organisms. …
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Ocean Biome: Ocean Plant Energy Flow
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Download file to see previous pages This essay stresses that the ocean cover’s 70% of the earth’s surface and hence it holds the largest of earth’s biomes. There are diverse group of living organisms in the ocean. The smallest creatures in the ocean can be seen only with the help of a microscope. At the same time, the ocean also contains blue whales, the largest creatures, which are as much as 34 meters long. Wide ranges of ecosystems are present depending on different elements such as water temperature, amount of sunlight available, and amount of nutrients. Energy flow in the ocean’s ecosystems constitutes ocean biome energy flow which is a very complex process. Diatoms are plants that find their food from sunlight and are microscopic in nature. In contrast, zooplankton is the group of small tin animals like krill, medusa jellyfish, and crab larvae. Mackerel, herring, and mollusks include in the group of small fishes while swordfish, tuna, and shark come under the category of large fishes. Killer whales eat fish, seals, and other whales. The ocean ecosystem shows rather the features of a food web than a chain since majority sea creatures eat more than one kind of creature and some creatures prey their own group members.
This paper makes a conclusion that ecosystems constitute a biome. There are wide ranges of organisms living in an ocean biome. The food webs in the ocean biome is highly varied and complex. Many of the marine plant organisms like seaweed, kelp, riella, utricularia, and water lettuce adapt to form a bond with the biome. ...
to Trites (2001), more than 100 food webs have been discovered in marine ecosystems which indicate the transfer of food energy from plants to carnivores and higher order predators through herbivores. Different studies show that length of the food web chains is typically short (around 3-4 links) and some of the species find prey from more than one trophic level. It has been observed that food webs in ocean ecosystems with long food chains are less stable as compared to those with shorter food chains. As we discussed earlier, ocean energy flow is highly varied and complex. In the ocean, major part of energy begins with a photosynthetic organism like algae and the remaining part begins with chemical energy. It is estimated that nearly ten percent of the energy is passed on next phase in most of the energy transformations. Hence, organisms at the end of the trophic level may get a few amount of energy. This is the reason why they consume different prey groups or even members from their own group. The energy is lost during the transformations mainly because these organisms utilize the acquired energy to maintain normal body conditions. During this process, the energy is dissipated as heat. Plant organisms Ocean biome contains a huge collection of plant organisms. Seaweed, kelp, riella, utricularia, and water lettuce are some of the examples of plant organisms in ocean biome. 1. Seaweed According to Teo and Wee (1983, p. 4), Seaweed is a macroscopic marine algae and this term includes some members from red, brown, and green algae. Seaweed has wide ranges of industrial and other uses. It includes in the kingdom Protista and polyphyletic group. The seaweeds have close similarity with non-arboreal terrestrial plants in its appearance. Bladderwrack is a type of seaweed that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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