Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

AIDS in the United States - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
AIDS is the most infectious disease the world has known in more than a 100 years.The human impact has been the most evident in Sub-Sahara Africa, AIDS region of origination, where at least 25 million persons are known to be infected…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
AIDS in the United States
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "AIDS in the United States"

Download file to see previous pages 20 percent of adults have AIDS in seven countries of this area of Africa. The initial slow reaction and lack of concern during the early 1980’s and beyond by the U.S. is clear today. Forty thousand new instances of the disease is reported each year but exactly how many persons are infected is not known because the method intended used to track AIDS is flawed and not likely to be fixed anytime soon. However, the social effect of AIDS has been widely acknowledged. This has served to inform the public and slow the progression of the epidemic but not in the African American community. The continuing proliferation of AIDS is allowed by the lack of appropriate vaccines and the virus’ ability to evolve as it invades, weakens and finally destroys the immune system. HIV, the disease which develops into AIDS, evolves so quickly that its exterior molecules are in a continuous state of transformation; consequently, the human immune system and the vaccines used to battle the virus, cannot catch up. “As it replicates within a single infected individual, HIV accumulates mutations that change the shape of its surface proteins, evolving right out from under the antibodies produced by the victim’s immune system” (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2007). Due to AID’s capability of evolving at such a considerable pace, it rapidly counters medical treatments. The HIV cells which live beyond the primary drug concoction reproduce and their decedents transmit the drug resistant strain. This is the rationale for a patient’s drug therapy including what is generally called a ‘drug cocktail’ (various types of HIV drugs used together) which, in concert, act to hinder the further development of the resistant (strong) HIV viral strains. If a smaller amount of the resistant cells continue to exist, the less likelihood the disease will continue to spread. This is just one of the primary evolutionary models used by biomedical scientists to battle AIDS. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, 2007). AIDS made the evolutionary leap from chimpanzees to people. In all likelihood, the transfer happened by people using chimpanzees as a source for meat. The virus began in two varieties of monkeys which were eaten by chimpanzees which may cannibalize when food sources run short. A hybrid virus found in these monkeys (SIV) dispersed via infected chimpanzees and a mutated type (HIV-1) was ultimately transmitted to humans. Just like chimpanzees, people carry two variations of the disease. HIV-2 is the other and the less virulent. “Because of the similarity between chimpanzees and humans, any virus that successfully adapts to spreading among chimps would be a candidate for a further jump to humans, a potential HIV-3,” according to Paul Sharp, Institute of Genetics at University in England. (cited in Lovgren, 2003). One percent of the Earth’s inhabitants have contracted AIDS. The disease is to blame for killing of nearly three million people every year. AIDS is spread through use of use needles and unprotected sex. There is overwhelming evidence that needle exchange programs (NEPs) are very effective in preventing the transmission of the AIDS viruses yet do not promote drug use as critics of these programs contend. When first presented with this idea, Congress thought that NEPs would encourage drug abuse and they would send the message that the federal government sanctioned drug use by encouraging clean needle dispersal. “Restricting access to sterile syringes only acts to exacerbate the IDUs already desperate situation and is not in the best interest of the community regarding health, criminal or financial concerns. Free, legal and easily ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“AIDS in the United States Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(AIDS in the United States Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“AIDS in the United States Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
elisha64 added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "AIDS in the United States" was hard to find. I spent too much time to find it. Here at StudentShare, I got the finest example. Many thanks!


Hispanics in United States

.... In the period 1990 to 2000, the Hispano-American population grew by almost 10000000 people, accounting for 38 % of the country’s total growth of population as the decade was running. Hispano-Americans are anticipated to be the 51 % of the people between the 2000 and 2050 which will lead the Hispano-Americans being the 98 000000 by the mid century, so showing about 25 % of the net United States population and significantly more than their current population. Around 2000, Hispano-Americans were the biggest minority community already among the kids and, by 2005, Hispano-Americans outdone Blacks as the country’s largest minority community among all. (U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany, 1) Hispano-Americans...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Description of United States

...? of United s Psychology Question In reference to Reimer, Simon and Romance , a citizen is an individual who, by birth or naturalization, owes loyalty to and receives protection from a nation’s government (p. 234). In essence, being a citizen connotes rights and obligations. Different societies and states have different rights and obligations for its citizens. United States citizenship is an official standing within the country that comes with responsibilities and rights available only to its citizens. United States office of Citizenship and Immigration controls citizenship. In comparing different countries across the world in terms of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

United States Court System

..., in reality a complex system of collaboration between judges, prosecutors, and defense lawyers is usually present. In the U.S. court system, members of the courtroom work team create guidelines about how specific kinds of cases must be dealt with and what type of petitions is legitimate for particular kinds of offenses (May et al., 2007, 159). At present, the United States implements a dual system of state and federal courts that often work autonomously, even though state cases are often petitioned to the federal courts. The dual court system developed from the belief of the founding fathers that every state has to have substantial judicial sovereignty...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

United States v. Wade

...was violated as the line up was done without any legal counsel present to advise the accused of his rights. The courts denied the motion, resulting in the conviction of Wade in the end (n.d., “United States v. Wade). This led the defense to file a motion before the Supreme Court in order to request that they resolve the issue of allowing courtroom identifications of an accused to be excluded from evidence since the events surrounding the identification process was done without the presence of counsel. The events before the trial at the post indictment line up was therefore illegally conducted and was violation of his client's Fifth Amendment Rights (n.d., “United States...
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study

Abramski vs. United States

...?Abramski v. United s Abramski v. United s Introduction A former police officer, Mr. Abramski bought and legally transferred a firearm to his elderly uncle for self defense. Abramski purchased the gun at a local gun dealer at a discount since was a former police officer. During the purchase process, Mr. Abramski passed all the federal requirements laid down at the store; therefore, he bought the gun successfully from another store in Pennsylvania. It should be noted that it is at this gun store at Pennsylvania that the gun was transferred to the uncle after he (the uncle) successfully passed the federal background check for the firearm position. Neither the two were prohibited by the law to possess a...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the United States with an Emphasis on Demographic Analysis

...Running Head: EPIDIEMOLOGY OF HIV/AIDS IN THE UNITED S Epidiemology of HIV/AIDS in the United s with an Emphasis on Demographic Analysis [Name of Writer] [Name of Institution] Introduction The first case in the United States of obtained immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was reported in 1981. After two decades there were well over half a million cumulative reported AIDS cases nationwide, with 40,000 additional people likely to contract HIV or AIDS in 1996 alone. Researchers and policy-makers have illustrated the overwhelming potential of this epidemic across multiple magnitudes....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

United States National Security

...Introduction In the wake of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Centre on September 9, 2001, the United s is threatened less by conquering states than by these failed or failing ones. This was the upshot of the 2002 National Security Strategy Paper of the US Department of Defense. While the Cold War posed the primary threat to international order in the latter half of the last century, failed states have emerged as perhaps the greatest threat to international stability. There are currently some forty-six states that are effectively failed or are failing. Michael Ignatieff (2002) characterizes weak and collapsing states as the chief source of human...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

AIDS in United States

...with approximately 40,000 new infections identified every year. “The current trend of about 20,000 deaths each year implies that prevalence is increasing by about 20,000 per year if the incidence is 40,000 per year” (Osmond 2003). However, these numbers are less than reliable. The difficulty in obtaining accurate numbers for AIDS prevalence exists in the deficiencies in the system itself. The United States does not have a single surveillance system established to track the infections, so researchers are forced to rely on the numbers that are available through state surveillance systems. Because not all of these systems track along the same criteria, to the same...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

HIV/AIDS in United States

...9 Awareness programs 9 Government Initiatives 10 Role of Black Churches 11 SECTION – 4 – CONCLUSION 12 References 13 SECTION – 1- INTRODUCTION AIDS, acronym for acquired immune deficiency syndrome, is one of the most dangerous sexually transmitted diseases. Since AIDS was first introduced in United States in 1981, this epidemic has been considered to be a great social, health and economic challenge the world had ever seen. It is caused by Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV), known to be retro virus which is transmitted through body fluids, mainly blood and genital secretions. While HIV affects a body, it provokes almost all...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

United Nations AIDS Conference Simulation

...UNAIDS Simulation Activities and Outcomes Identity Number: Question This simulation activity involved the United Nations GeneralAssemblies. According to Starkey, Boyer, Wilkenfeld, & Starkey (2010), the General Assembly is the deliberative faction of the United Nations and is made up of the United Nations member states each with a vote. The United Nations AIDS Committee is responsible for proposing and negotiating global resolutions in the fight against the HIV and AIDS epidemic (Starkey, Boyer, Wilkenfeld, & Starkey, 2010). Starkey, Boyer, Wilkenfeld, & Starkey further explain that these resolutions are then forwarded to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic AIDS in the United States for FREE!

Contact Us