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To succeed, the archaeological techniques used had to meet the requirements of forensic exhumation. The Sri Lankan and the Rwandese cases are just a few of the cases in which the importance of archaeological methods in mass grave excavation and exhumation are confirmed.
It is clearly evident that forensic investigations of mass graves largely benefits from archaeology and soil studies (Aldenderfer & Maschner, 1996). Archaeological knowledge has been identified to be particularly useful in the identification and location of mass graves as well as in the collection of human remains (Lieberman, 1991). In all these processes, keenness is highly valued so that artifacts are clearly collected and recorded without damages (Barker, 1993).
Essentially, forensic archaeology refers to the use of archaeological tools, methods and techniques in identifying, gathering, synthesizing and analysing evidences for legal and investigation purposes (Connor, 2007). In most cases, archaeologists are hired to help investigators identify potential or suspected mass graves. In this identification of mass grave sites, geophysical and geological techniques are often applied in the assessing, documenting, mapping of scenes, excavation of artefacts and remains and in the reporting of findings (Gifford-Gonzalez, 1985). The key targeted areas in which forensic archaeology is applied include clandestine burial sites and buried artefacts, which help be useful in criminal investigations (Canter, 1994). These items could be victims’ personal belongings or murder weapons (Westman, 1994). There are several detection and excavation techniques that forensic archaeology applies in locating burial mass graves and other sites of interest (Hunter & Cox, 2005).
There are two main reasons mass grave excavation is normally done; to provide information for human rights work and for forensic medico-legal investigations (Pedeli
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From the word forensic, many people would conjure up images of most popular crime series CSI where Gill Grissom ponders a crime scene and searching clues hidden in skeletal remains of the victim. In contrast to such perceptions indoctrinated by entertainment, are the realties of 2004 tsunami killing around 230,000 people, Bali bombings and killings, tortures and rapes between 1998 and 2003 at Solomon Islands as a result of natural and human caused disasters.
This paper now seeks to understand the importance of evolutionary approaches to the study of archaeology. It will seek to evaluate the theories of evolution and how they impact on the understanding of archaeology and the elements which also surround it. This study is being undertaken in order to establish a detailed and critical analysis of the subject matter in the hope of establishing an academic foundation for archaeology and related theories.
Collection of artifacts is employed to determine patterns from which inferential links based on ethnology, ethnoarchaeology, experiment, etc. can be used to make statements about behavior. As the question for this assignment states, “based on this pattern of reasoning many archaeologists have recently argued that archaeology can contribute to scientific understanding of long-term ecological change and the structure of modern environments.” This is the opinion of our instructor and will be examined throughout the remainder of this discussion.
The dimension of archaeological culture is comprised of the requisites or material culture remains of the past human societies. That is to say, the study of archaeological culture of a particular society focuses on its material culture remains collected from specific time and place.
Forensic technology assists in investigating domestic crime, fraud, cyber crime, murder, war crimes, crimes against humanity, recover of mass disaster victims, and repatriation of war dead (Hunter & Cox, 2005). Forensic technology helps to discover and solve the events pertaining to a specific crime scene or disposal site.
This is the same way and approach that can be applied in the understanding of forensic anthropology. To understand forensic anthropology it imperative that one understands what forensic involves and after that move on to understand what anthropology is all about.
Forensic facial reconstruction is the process of recreating a face on the basis of skeletal remains and requires help from anthropology, anatomy and osteology. It is a highly encouraging method from view points of history, archaeology and other connected subjects; but has remained controversial for sometime now.
Geographical survey is the most relevant and commonly applied methods for evaluating clandestine graves. Based on the feature of the place of occurrence of crime, forensic archeologists adopt various geographical
Burger and Salazar (2005) report “Machu Picchu was abandoned around AD 1532, many aspects of the Inca culture and society survived” (191). If the Incas survived, why was Machu Picchu abandoned? Since the