StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Colonialism - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The self-reflection paper on the subarctic communities has evaluated their way of life from pre-contact, post-contact and colonialism. Due to the harsh winter climatic conditions, the subarctic communities’ revered natural and communities emphasized spirituality and admiration for the environment…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Colonialism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Colonialism"

Download file to see previous pages Knowledge of the pre-contact way of life of Subarctic Native Americans is particularly important since it would help to explain how contemporary Subarctic Indians, particularly Chipewyan nomadic hunters occupy a vast but lightly populated territory. The subarctic region covers the northern zone of boreal coniferous-forests which broadens from arctic tundra, towards the mountains and deciduous forest across the south, and then from Labrador towards the Bering Sea (Oswalt, 2002). The majority of these regions are in the Canadian Shield, the Hudson Bay area, as well as Mackenzie River plains (Oswalt, 2002). The region is basically filled with numerous lakes, rivers, and mountain ranges. Even though the winters are harsh and lasting for longer periods, forest covers together with snow offers shelter for the inhabitants and the wild animals. Thus, the Chipewyan hunters belonging to Athapaskans resided in the northern section of Lake Athabasca, before migrating to the periphery of barren fields when pursuing caribou herds.

The Subarctic population numbers before contact and colonialism were certainly bigger, and Oswalt asserts that the introduction of European diseases like smallpox, wars, and displacement lowered the population to no more than 60 000 people (2002). The Chipewyan were for the most part animist as their religious viewpoints were founded on the notion of power acquired from animal spirits and the lands through dreams and visions. They had supernatural leaders referred to as Shamans or healers, and the powers possessed by such individuals were believed to have helped in curing ailments and diseases. They also had finders of big games, who used supernatural powers to control animals and numerous other natural phenomena during hunting and setting up traps (Oswalt, 2002). For my part, I find all this bizarre based on my scientific belief in medicine, especially by the explanation that Chipewyan sorcerers managed to cure illnesses, by simply performing Shaman songs and dances in order to summon the spirits. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Research Paper, n.d.)
The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1797451-topic-4-the-subarctic-precontact-life-ways-change-during-contact-and-colonialism
(The Subarctic: Pre-Contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Research Paper)
The Subarctic: Pre-Contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1797451-topic-4-the-subarctic-precontact-life-ways-change-during-contact-and-colonialism.
“The Subarctic: Pre-Contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1797451-topic-4-the-subarctic-precontact-life-ways-change-during-contact-and-colonialism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Colonialism

The Culture and History of the Shawnee Indians

Although, by 1730s, the Shawnee had returned to their homeland, they faced relocation by American settlers whereby they moved first to Missouri and then to Kansas. Most of members of the Shawnee tribe finally settled in Oklahoma after the end of the Civil War. In 1793, some of the Shawnee tribe received a Spanish land grant at Missouri (Clark 5). Nevertheless, in 1803, the land was came under American control and the Shawnees had to settle in Southern Oklahoma, becoming the Absentee Shawnee. The Shawnee people view themselves as the descendants of the Delaware, considered to be their grandfathers. They also possess strong links with the Kickapoo, who manifest linguistic ties. Original estimates of Shawnee population in the pre Eu...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Pre-contact ways of life, changes during contact, and colonialism

...? Arctic: Pre-contact ways of life, changes during contact, and colonialism Outline I. Pre-contact ways of life A. Natives were scattered across Canada B. These indigenous locals were the most modern migrants from Asia, penetrating into North America from Siberia. 1. These scattered the continent from Greenland to Alaska and Siberia. II. Changes during contact A. Cultural changes 1. Religion 2. Languages 3. World perceptions 4. Traditions B. Social...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Southeast: Precontact life ways, changes during contact and colonialism

...to the drop in indigenous agricultural activities. However trading increased considerably as trading became more profitable and this coupled with the fact that that their land was subdivided and others displaced completely from their lands made traditional agricultural practices to diminish. In terms of religious beliefs, most southeastern groups combined their animistic perspectives with Christianity (Oswalt, 2008). Conclusion This paper has discussed the Southeastern people pre contact life ways, changes during contact and their way of life during...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Great Basin: precontact life ways, changes during contact, and colonialism

... Great Basin: Precontact life ways, changes during contact, and colonialism Introduction The Great basin region is a vast region that is predominantly a desert land. The region was first inhabited in the early 10,000BC (Pritzker, 221). The Tribes of the Great Basin region had to adapt to this environment in order to survive. The tribes that comprised of the Shoshoni, the Ute, Paiute, Bannock, and the Gosiute shared common traditions. They even intermarried as was the case among the Shoshoni and the Bannock. Most of these groups were hunters and gatherers, hunting game meat and gathering seeds, berries and greens from plants (Great Basin National Heritage Area, p3). But some took it a step further and incorporated agriculture... the Owens...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Contact zone

...College Contact Zone I once experienced interpellation from a community around a renowned tourist destination in Asia. Besides visiting beautiful holiday destinations as a tourist, am fond of mingling with local communities and learning about their culture and beliefs, which is a thrilling experience. Am an extrovert and making friends is one of my hobbies that encourages me to experience different cultures and ways of life in every destination I seek to visit. In other words, I do not spend much time in hotels but love strolling and meeting the local communities around my destination. It happened that I befriended a tour guide who promised to take me deep into the communal areas to meet...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Customer contact

...& Pritchard).Therefore, one should be trained for him to be able to properly and efficiently perform his duties for a highly satisfactory service. It is not enough that an employee knows the primary information about company and his responsibilities but one should also study the customers because “a problem is created when contact centers take action without really understanding their customers” (Prunty, et.al.). In addition, applying in-depth product, procedure and system knowledge cannot simply be done by informing an employee about them. He should be trained to perform such duties so that he will not waste his time experimenting on what must be done and perhaps during the process, jeopardize the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Analysis of Archiology, Nationhood, and Settlement A colonial portrait of Jerusalem: British Architecture in Mandate-Era Palestine Articles

1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Contact among People

...by not reasoning out some meaningful thoughts just as the design and technology consultants (Ross, 2015). Her opinions are not liked by majority, but she feels used to being on the minority side. Tay, who is an African talks about an attack of Charlie Hebdo and someone, asked her the reason Christians especially the Catholic members can be made fun of but not the Muslim’s. The funny Tay answered the man in just but a simple way that it becomes easy to make excitement of majority compared to minority (Ross, 2015). Motivation entrepreneur of Tay and Rahman called Stuart Knight saw these and felt upset regarding it as lack of knowledge. Knight talks about on how technology has led to many sharing opinions but still...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Subarctic Precontact Life Ways, Changes during Contrast, and Colonialism

... The Subarctic Precontact life ways, changes during contrast, and colonialism Thousands of years ago during the time, when the great Christopher Columbus sailed towards the Bahamas, he found a new colony of men and women, a place now known as America. They were basically nomads from Native America who were assumed to be hiking on a bridge of land from modern day Asia to Alaska many years back. It is assumed that many people were living there long before the advent of Europeans there. With the passage of time, these nomads travelled throughout the south and the east adopting whatever they liked. So as to keep record of this bunch of people they’ve been divided in areas based on culture or groups of people having similar ways of living...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Northeastern Woodlands: Precontact Life Ways, Changes during Contact, and Colonialism

..., namely the Algonquian, the Iroquoian, and the Siouan. The Algonkian concentrated themselves in the Western Great Lakes towards New England coast, and downstream towards North Carolina coast. The Iroquoian lived around Eastern Great lakes towards the Appalachian Mountains. However, the Winnebago were the only northwestern woodlands Siouan speakers, and they mostly dwelled around the Great Lakes region (Oswalt, 2009). Thus, the aim of this self-reflection paper is to describe the North-eastern Woodlands native Indians pre contact life ways, changes they underwent during contact and their lifestyle during...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Subarctic: Pre-contact Life Ways, Change During Contact, and Colonialism for FREE!

Contact Us