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Initially Galton presented the eugenics concept but later many of the scientists worked on it just because of its importance.
Like many other unique concepts, eugenics also faced criticism for many other expert scientists and public. At the top of the list, the critics claim the concept and practices of eugenics as unethical and immoral practice for the society. According to their opinion, the practices of eugenics are misused and misunderstood by different people. In addition to these opinions, many other expert scientists are of the opinion that the eugenics practices may give rise to many of the genetically diseases. These diseases are severe and thus cause problems in the entire future generation of the mating people. Due to the increase in the likelihood of these diseases caused by eugenics practices, there is a possibility that the gene variation may get disturbed.
The concept of natural selection and genetic engineering is same i.e. the acquiring of the most desired set of traits and characteristics. The only difference is that natural selection is a nature’s ultimate process while the genetic engineering is an optional and artificial process, which anyone can choose on his own opinion (Bradshaw, 2006). For this reason, it is said that selective breeding is different from the natural breeding, though the basic aim or purpose is same behind both these tools or we can say practices. Genetic engineering is very vast field as it includes many of the gene mutations e.g. a human gene inserted in the goat or sheep, a monkey or frog gene inserted in the shrubs and herbs, a spider gene inserted in the goat and a tree gene inserted in the banana fruit. All of these gene mutations come under the head of genetic engineering, which is different from natural selection in this regard. In addition to this genetic engineering can benefit many other areas of life e.g. the growth of such crops, which do not need fertilizers and can bear the heat of
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Other individual disciplines have come into existence, which were only desired about in the past; the concept of nanotechnology and other small features is an example of the extent to which science has made progress. Compared to the past centuries, the field of science and experimentation has provided us with a large number of elements and items.
Beginning with the sampling of the DNA structure by Watson and Crick, scientists have reached the point where they are able to manipulate and replicate DNA. The effect in the research of genetics has had far reaching applications in the medical field. One of the most important types of gene sequencing and replication which is done on a daily basis is the creation of insulin.
However what was remarkable about Dolly was that she was a clone of her six year old mother sheep. Dolly was the first successful experiment of a mammal being cloned. There had been various attempts made at cloning animals, however without success. The success of cloning Dolly therefore was a significant achievement for scientists as it showed the world that cloning of animals was no longer a dream but a reality (Spangenburg, Moser and Moser 7).
Typically, the process involves a gene incorporation of a foreign gene to the target organism genome. The steps involved for creating genetically modified organism, using maize as an example are. 1. Isolation of the desired gene The very first step is identification of an existing organism exhibiting favourable traits; these traits are traced to the chromosomal characteristics of the known organism.
According to the essay eugenic policies include compulsion through state legislation or persuasion through counseling, particularly for citizens with genetic defects. Laws are passed that limit the number of children a family can have, although in countries like China, it has something to do with controlling its population explosion.
c engineering within the larger context of biology, examine the function and the significance of genetic engineering, and discuss the potential applied benefits in terms of agriculture, medicine, economics, and society. It will conclude with the author’s personal view of
Normal physical diseases can be treated or at least the symptoms controlled, with the help of pharmaceutical products but in case of a genetic diseases or disorder, medicines will do no good because medicines cannot
ng is a science in which this genetic code is subject to various modifications and combinations or is transferred from one organism to another through artificial means that results in unique physical traits for the organism. Such modifications cannot occur by natural means and
The author of the essay describes positive and negative sides of the genetic engineering technology. He describes such controversial themes as ethics in genetic engineering, human rights in regard of genetics, genetic engineering in the field of medicine, genetic modification of plants and bacteria etc.
The author of this paper states that expansive and continued research and experimentation in the field of genetic engineering and the cloning of organisms will produce major breakthroughs in the science and engineering field about the knowledge of organism and especially human anatomy in the genetics topic.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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