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Good critical thinking skills have been mentioned as one of the most important techniques needed to make informed moral reasoning. For any given society or culture therefore, it is important that a person will be able to apply critical thinking skills to make moral judgments that gives the persom a good belonging in the society.
Taking the Maori Culture as an example, it would be noted that there are key cultural concepts of the larger culture such as Mana, Tapu and Ahi kaa (Calloway, 2012). As far as the Maori society is concerned, people must be able to make informed decisions based on moral reasoning to cover these cultural concepts tat deal with issues of power, religious protection, occupancy, among other. However, medical disabilities inhibit some people from making these choices right. In light of this, it is suggested that training for people like these should start with critical thinking skills where that are trained to adapt techniques such as clarity, relevance, consistency, depth, logic, and preciseness in their thinking (Ursery, 2005). As these people master some of these basic skills, which could also involve solving moral dilemmas, they are certain to come to a stage where they will develop the needed techniques of moral reasoning that will make them best occupants of
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Risk factors are the cultural conditions that are associated with an increase in the likelihood of diseases, while protective factors are the cultural conditions or behavior that reduces the risk of diseases. Thus, the two of them are different in all ramifications.
Objectively, “disease is a measurable pathological condition of the body. In contrast, illness is a feeling of not being normal and health (O’niel 2010)”. Illness pertains more to the psychological feelings of imbalance and not being in a state of optimum health.
There are three different levels including pre-conventional morality, conventional morality and post-conventional morality. Within each of these is a series of stages, three each per level to complete this theory (McDevitt & Ormrod). While fellow psychologist, Jean Piaget developed a two stage process of moral development, Kohlberg elaborated on the theory to incorporate the methods of thinking used in moral development over an individual's entire life span (Cherry).
Ethics encompasses defending, systematizing and recommending concepts of wrong and right behavior (Fieser, 2009). Ethics is therefore an important practice in order to ensure fair and beneficial activities. Moreover ethical practices are also important for satisfying the basic needs of human being, uniting people and leadership, improving decision making, long term gains, securing the society and creating credibility.
It is obvious (Bloom & River Path Associates, 2000) that whichever regions of the world, health problems bring discontent to people coupled with perceived inequalities. Sen (1999) states, health depicts a complex challenges and consequences to national governments.
The difference between Kant’s moral philosophy and the empirical moral philosophy is that the later is biased towards the posterior principles or those that are garnered through the observations and experiences of human beings. Kant, using this distinction, referred to the empirical moral philosophy as moral anthropology.
Conversely, the generations of medical anthropologists will not carry the field forward without examining the teachings of previous scholars and teachers. By narrating his personal story, just as he so often narrates the problems of Haiti, Paul Farmer, a physician,
It lured the doctors to practice these off-label unethical practices by offering them with rewards and privileges such as ski trips and concert tickets (David, 2008).
Providing wrong prescription usually leads to overdose
This research will begin with the statement that morality is one of the factors that affect people’s decisions. It defines values that an individual seeks to respect when making decisions. A person may follow such principles, strictly, or may sometimes rely on the moral principles weakly. Parsimony test shows the extent to which a person sticks with moral principles.
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