But in spite of that they are rather outspoken and have ability to be aware not only of their environment but of the outside world. They live separately from men – it allows them to get a kind of independence from men and take part in economic life. So, there are clear premises for independence which can appear in the society of total suppression, even in the condition of Islam. These premises can be increased today with the education spreading among Hausa women. 4. The chapter Growing up female in Hausaland underlines the strict subordination of men and women in Hausa society. Since childhood women have been taught to obey and take inferior position compared to men. Their real status of seclusion is determined in the age of 12 – 14 when they can marry. Since this time a girl is taught to behave like a woman. Family shows clear preference for boys and learn that they are superior to girls (p. 434.). The chapter Religious reinforcement of female subordination argues that Hausa women’ subordination and seclusion is greatly influenced by Muslim religion. Islam makes man and women to take appropriate social position. All life and morality standards of women are determined by religion. In addition to Islam Hausa women profess pre-Islamic cult which provides a kind of escape from Islam norms for them. The chapter Adult life tells about social position of adult women and men in Hausa society. Marriage is the achieving of certain social status. Since a girl is married, a lot of different restrictions
are imposed to her (p. 439).