We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Anthropology Multiple Questions - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Anthropology Name: Institution Question 1: Cultural universals Cultural universals are traits or attributes found in all human societies all over the world. Such traits and attributes include language, belief in the supernatural and familial structures (Kottack, 2005)…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Anthropology Multiple Questions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Anthropology Multiple Questions

Download file to see previous pages... A good example of a cultural universal is art. In music, one is more likely to listen to classical music and dance ballet if they are exposed to it. Another person may favor hip hop and rap music because they have been exposed to it. In the argument of nature versus nurture, the environment in which one grows up contributes more to how an individual turns out, as opposed to biology. This is because the environment exposes one to certain things that he or she will adopt (Nowak & Laird, 2010). Question 2: Ethnography and Ethnology An ethnographic survey is a detailed study of a group’s culture. This involves the anthropologist going out into the field, living with the subjects and recording the observations made about the group. Ethnology is the cross-comparative study of different societies to identify and explain similarities and differences. It uses data from ethnographic surveys and compares it with same data from different societies (Nowak & Laird, 2010). When conducting a study of a different culture, the method I would use would be participant observation. Becoming immersed in the culture to be studied would reduce ethnocentric tendencies from my own enculturation. It would also aid in faster integration and acceptance by the subjects, and they would be more open to sharing information. Methods of gathering data include; open-ended questionnaires, interviews, tape and video recordings and field notes. Problems that may arise include; refusal to participate, observer bias and language barriers. These problems can be countered by immersing oneself fully to gain the participants trust and get them used to outsider presence, making use of an interpreter and eventually learning some of the language. Question 3: Role of women in Foraging and Horticultural based societies Women in foraging societies were responsible for collecting wild plants while the men hunted (Nowak & Laird, 2010). Women produced up to eighty percent of the group’s nutritional needs. Foragers were fairly egalitarian as both sexes participated equally in food procurement. Women took part in decision making alongside men. Horticulturalists practiced small-scale farming on plots of land. Women did most of the cultivation and they held positions and statuses in horticultural societies, being the main food producers. As the role of women in food production diminishes, so does their power and status. The egalitarian nature of foraging and horticultural societies was because women were important in food production. This was not replicated in agrarian and industrialized societies where men controlled more resources. Though American women on average earn less than men, their status is higher than in the past and they can now make decisions. The American woman can be considered at par with the woman in foraging and horticultural societies. Question 4: Reciprocity in Foraging and Horticultural societies Reciprocity is a type of economic exchange where goods or services are given in expectation that the receiver will return the favor. Reciprocation may be generalized, where the giver trusts that the receiver will reciprocate in kind. The amount and date of reciprocation is not specified; it is an arrangement based on trust and cooperation. Foraging societies, for example, practice generalized reciprocation where a hunter shares his catch with the whole village (Mauss, 2000). The gatherers also divide out the catch amongst themselves so that every family gets something. Balanced reciprocity is practiced with the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Multiple Essay questions
Post modern theories of anthropology strongly influence socio-cultural anthropology, resulting in increased concentration on modern societies. This paper will examine various areas under anthropology, describing distinct aspects of human experiences under anthropology with the help of examples.
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Multiple Questions on History
A phenomenon of revolutionary war can be described as a peculiar national war with a specific nature and which is being developed under certain national circumstances. Focoism, which is a kind of revolutionary war suggested by Che Guevara, is a process, when a small group of revolutionaries could evoke a spirit of disobedience among oppressed masses and to make those revolutionary concerns focal ones.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Anthropology Questions essay
Once achieved, it allows medical practitioners, via its abstract body knowledge to describe its own professional truth. In this context, medical anthropologists decide on what is wrong or right and the public agrees with the laid down rules. The uniqueness of cultural authority is that it can have authority without necessarily exercising it.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Anthropology
Anthropologists in general look at cross-cultural differences in social institutions, cultural beliefs, and communication styles. In fact in recent years with the growing globalization, this subject has gained much more importance. Knowledge about human diversity is helpful especially in the case of global organizations.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Multiple questions to answer
breach and the claimant's loss. In addition, the claimant must show that the loss was foreseeable or not too remote. Further, the claimant is required to show with reasonable certainty the amount of the damage. Many civil law countries also require, as a prerequisite to an award of damages for breach of contract, that the respondent be at fault in breaching the agreement.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
MIS FINAL EXAM MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
Which scrambling technique provides you with two keys: a public key that everyone in an organization can have to scramble the
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Advocacy Role in Anthropology
Participation by anthropologists may be in form of helping in various ways with local problems. Other anthropologists have been involved in community in other ways such as providing resources to the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
5 Anthropology Questions At a Page each
In theological perspective, the church becomes a major healing place where the women are encouraged to believe in God, who is the giver. Essentially, the women get the spiritual
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Final essay questions for Introduction to Anthropology
opologists and socialists have tried to come up with ways that could show that we are all the same in the eyes of the Lord, stating the creation theory and related norms that tries to explain that mankind came from a single parent. Gays and lesbianism: this issue also is on the
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Anthropology Multiple Questions for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us