Neanderthal Long ago have people been bewildered by the thought of evolution, what seems to be a natural process for some proved to be a strange and awkward process for others, and still to this day, the theory of the human evolution presents a set of questions that to this day remain unanswered, one of those questions being the question of the extinction of the Neanderthal man, another would be the degree of relationship between the Neanderthal and the modern human and if the two species are related at all…
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What follows is a brief presentation that sheds the light on this species of human like creature, exposing the different anthropological breakthroughs and discoveries that have came to remold our idea of the Neanderthal man. Modern anthropological findings suggest that the Neanderthal man may have lived around the years extending from 250 000 to 20 000 BC. Counting for more than a century since its discovery, theories and hypotheses around this creature have diversified albeit they mostly reflected the prejudgments of the moment. Long considered as a sub-human species at the heart of the “Homo Sapien” lineage it was at first called Homo sapiens neanderthalensis in consequence. Only later was it considered by authors and researchers as a distinct species and labeled as “Homo Neanderthalensis”. More recent studies have also suggested that the two species, “Homo Neanderthalensis” and “Homo Sapiens” may have crossbred amongst each other. ...
A Neanderthal man though, and as much as he may seem to resemble the modern human, has some marked characteristics, for instance the difference is clear when it comes to the volume of the brain, while an average human brain measures around 1300 ml, a Neanderthal brain have been known to measure as much as 1700 ml. Another, striking difference that sets apart the two human species is perhaps an anatomical one, as a quick analysis of the Neanderthal anatomy shows that the latter had larger bones in comparison to us modern humans, added to that the muscle mass which is also far superior to what a normal human being would have nowadays. Neanderthals as it would seem were large boned and heavily muscled, probably so to be withstand the hard natural conditions that were in the days. Height was not the Neanderthal man’s strongpoint, as fully grown male adults would average a height of 164 cm (5 feet 5 inches). This primitive man is said to have been an avid hunter, this is particularly true as suggested by sheer number of healed fractured bones found in Neanderthal bodies, and as their thick leg bones suggest, they used to do alot of walking and running, running which was essential and required if they were to hunt fast moving animals, and if they were to be entrenched in long chases for their daily meat. As scientific research has it, these primitive beings were almost exclusively carnivores and assuring their daily meat meant a lot of effort, risk and danger which is associated with the fractured bones mentioned above. Lastly, and as far as culture is concerned, our primitive friends may not have been so primitive as we might think, as numerous Neanderthal burial sites were found,sites in which bodies were buried alongside
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(“Neandertals and Homo Sapiens Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(Neandertals and Homo Sapiens Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Neandertals and Homo Sapiens Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1424540-neandertals-and-homo-sapiens.
Neanderthals are the early hominids who have existed on the planet earth about 250,000 years to 300,000 years ago, and are geographically believed to be located in Eurasia, somewhere near Western Europe and the Near East (Schmit 2003). Moreover, the sudden extinction of these species though still remains a mystery, but according to the anthropological studies it owes much to various factors which will be discussed in detail in this paper.
Archaeological studies have revealed that humans have existed in various forms in the past. Skeletons of giant humans up to ten times the size of an average modern man have been found. One of the most interesting forms of humans whose traces have been found are Neanderthals.
The fact that modern humans developed can be considered to be a great feat of resilience and adaptation on the part of human which has enabled the species to thrive and ensured that it has propagated itself all over the world.
Lactase non persistence, on the other hand, is the condition in which an adult lacks the digestive enzyme for lactose thus leading to health complications after consumption of milk. The presence and absence of the gene responsible for digestion of milk is quite divergent in the human population.
The process will also include the development and diversification of culture, physical anthropology not only examines physical forms human features like the bones, muscles and organs but also the way these features functions with the purpose of survival and reproduction (Noonan, 2010).
Hypotheses must be both well-defined and firmly supported, preferably by several different types of data." Interestingly the author goes on to explain that even the strongest hypotheses may not be true and how scientists will struggle to make prove them true or false through extensive research.
The creation versus evolution controversy, also termed the "origins debate", is the expression used to refer to the ongoing dispute between those that defend the consensus of the scientific community with regards to evolutionary biology, paleonthology, etc.
One of hypothesis suggests that Homo sapiens migrated into Neandertal lands and caused their extinction. Homo sapiens had bigger brain and more advanced in technology. Another theory suggests that populations of that time merged and mixed, which resulted in the evolution of the new human species.
The author deduces that the model envisages a person who has perfect self-interest, perfect rationality and perfect information. This concept owes its genesis to Utilitarian economists like Jeremy Bentham who propounds that society should aim for the greatest happiness of the greatest number by maximizing the total utility of individuals.
Because of the imperfect Fossil sample as well as time gaps in our knowledge, we have not constructed a hard-and-fast phylogeny but included broken lines in an attempt to define unconventional views. In one case,
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