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Origin of Agriculture: Middle East and Mesoamerica - Essay Example

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This paper Origin of Agriculture: Middle East and Mesoamerica will compare and contrast the origin of agriculture. Agriculture is the practice of rearing animals and cultivation of plants, fungi as well as other products utilized to sustain life. …
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Origin of Agriculture: Middle East and Mesoamerica
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Origin of Agriculture: Middle East and Mesoamerica

Download file to see previous pages... From the essay it is clear many scholars top day have come up with various explanation that try to unravel the past development of agriculture. According to most suggestions, there must have been an unexpected change from gatherer-hunter to agricultural communities after a time during which particular crops may have been intentionally planted to mitigate for shortages of game as well as other food crops acquired in the wild at that time. Even though localized climate change seem to be the most favored justification for the agricultural origin, the case that domesticated agriculture was 'invented, proposes that social reasons could have been much instrumental.
According to the report findings Demographic hypothesis was put forward by Carl Sauer and popularized by Kent Flannery and Lewis Binford. All this persons seem to agree on the fact that a progressively more sedentary human population, escalating beyond the local environments carrying capacity as well as demanding more food than what was available through gathering prompted the domestication of crops and animals for self sufficiency. Also, the intentionality theory which is at times called the evolutionary theory, has been advanced by several scholars as well as David Rindos, revolves around the notion that domesticated agriculture was as a result of a co-evolutionary adjustment of humans and plants. The theory also indicates that this process began with domestication by protecting wild plants, and then followed specialization and finally domestication. Middle East In Middle East domesticated agriculture is said to have first been practiced at Mesopotamia around 7000 BC as this place is believed to have been the most fertile place in the region. About this time rice but wheat was the primary crop and was majorly carried out by the Sumerians (Bellwood 2005,p.42). However as of to date, identifying the precise agricultural origin in the region remains problematic for the reason that the change from ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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At first, I thought 4 of pages is too much for such a issue. But now I see it could not be done better. As the author starts you see the depth of the issue. I’ve read all at once. Great essay
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