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Based on Zen Buddhism (Purves), the genre of haiku as a means of poetic expression emerged as far back as in the 14th century, originally being a subgenre of traditional Japanese Waka poetry inspired by Chinese models of versification. At that time, this poetic form was referred to as hokku, yet later, in the 16th century, it acquired the shape of a separate genre and got its modern name from the poet Masaoka Shiki in the 19th century. One of the earliest remarkable haiku poets is Sogi, who lived between 1421 and 1502 and was a Zen monk from Kioto (Fig. 1).
The poet writing haiku is commonly referred to as haijin, and Matsuo Basho is considered the most famous haijin in Japanese poetic history. The word “hokku” initially meant the first stanza of another poetic form, renga, or the first stanza of tanka poetry. However, feudal Edo period lasting from 1615 to 1868 brought huge popularity to it and made it a self-sufficient genre (Sher), which was later renamed by Masaoka Shiki.
Gilbert and Yoneoka provide a quotation of R. H. Blyth describing the peculiar qualities of Haiku that – according to his statement – made this poetic form unique and so popular: “It is not merely the brevity by which [the haiku] isolates a particular group of phenomena from all the rest; nor its suggestiveness, through which it reveals a whole world of experience. It is not only in its remarkable use of the season word, by which it gives us a feeling of a quarter of the year; nor its faint all-pervading humour. Its peculiar quality is its self-effacing, self-annihilative nature, by which it enables us, more than any other form of literature, to grasp the thing-in-itself”. Therefore, it could be stated that the main peculiarity of haiku lies in its succinct nature and intense effect produced on the reader.
Haiku as a rather free and expressive poetic form contributed to democratization of Japanese poetry and
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It was on this day in history that the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an attack on the Pearl Harbor, an American naval base in Hawaii. The aftermath was a massive arrest of over 100,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese Canadians and their subsequent detention in prisons camps.
According to the report Japanese could spy for their compatriots back in Japan thereby cause more trouble for the American people. on February 19th 1942, a directive was issued by President Roosevelt which required all Japanese in America to shift their locations from their homes to the internment camps where they were to be confined.
2. Yome means a Bride or daughter-in-law in Japanese or a more polite term would be ‘oyome-san’. As per tradition, the bride would join the groom’s family, instead of the other way around. 3. The word Yoshi generally means ‘alright’ in order to continue a particular conversation.
The Japanese make and maintenance of their vehicles were superior to American and European models. The finicky touch of the Japanese did wonders in the minds of the discerning buyers in the American market.
Mostly, people preferred the compact and large models with economy.
Japanese gardens also show the influence that the Chinese culture had on the Japanese, as well as how Japan took that culture and changed it in subtle ways to make it its own. The philosophical ideas of Zen Buddhism also
According to the report children in Japan are made to attend the Juku schools in addition to the regular public schools with a view to improving their performance in studies in the public schools. These Juku schools may consume up to several hours of the child’s day in addition to the regular time he/she spends in the public school.
Japanese Americans are a group of immigrants from Japan. The legislation from the federal government excluded additional Chinese immigration and demanded new labor from immigrants. Before starting my research on Japanese Americans, my knowledge was based on assumptions that I had made.
These camps were also known as War Relocation camps because these were set up at the time of attack of imperial Japan upon the pearl harbour. The Japanese living in United States were unequally interned in these camps because from some areas all the Japanese were taken to the internment camps whereas all the Japanese living in other areas like Hawaii etc.
The author states that a significant trend to the expansion of the economy was the welfare society in Japan instead of the welfare state. This helped Japan to direct most of its resources that would have been spent on welfare to industrial expansion. After 1950s, the Japanese government engaged in massive financing of the economy.
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