The paper "Abstract Expressionism and Realism" aims to compare and show the contrast of Abstract Expressionism and Realism. Realism implies the depiction of everyday life scenes as close to reality as possible. Realism movement in arts gained popularity in the mid-nineteenth century and opposed Romanticism. Gustave Courbet is regarded as the forebear of realistic art. In abstract expressionism, the artist uses aggressive lines and broad movements. The bold mixing of colors is also a prominent element in this art form. The Stenographic Figure (1942) by Jackson Pollock is an important example of this art form. In its complete contrast, realistic art depicts life and objects on the basis of their outward appearance. Every stroke, color combination, and expression depend on the direct observation of an artist. The Stone Breakers (1849) by Gustave Courbet is the best example of realistic art. Imaginative idealization constitutes the basic theme of abstract expressionism. There are three approaches to interpret it. The action painting or gesture abstraction approach involves spontaneous dripping and splashing of colors. Abstract Impressionism involves small strokes and a focused approach. Third approach is a symbol-based expression through indefinite images and involves well-defined lines and selective colors. On the contrary, realism rejects this approach in favor of a purely natural depiction of events or objects. It depends upon how an artist feels about a particular situation.