Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
China and Japan are two neighboring Asian countries that are separated by seas. To bring about changes in their way of living, specifically in the aspect of art, architecture, and religion there were instances in history where the Japanese has collaborated with the Chinese culture…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.7% of users find it useful
Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture"

Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture China and Japan are two neighboring Asian countries that are separated by seas. To bringabout changes in their way of living, specifically in the aspect of art, architecture, and religion there were instances in history where the Japanese has collaborated with the Chinese culture. The evolution of Japanese art and architecture is attributed to the early Chinese people, who have brought the Chinese way of doing things to Japan, which the Japanese people have also adopted. This happening began during the Asuka period (552-645), where the imperial court of the country expressed its fascination to everything that was of Chinese origin (Mason 40). The period has also marked the coming of Buddhism to the country “from the Korean Kingdom of Paekche” (Mason 40). The city of Fujiwara-kyo that has been built with an imperial palace is known to have been constructed based on how the Chinese capital Chang’an was built; the palace precinct was being surrounded by earthen walls, covered by tiled roofing, with its surrounding earthworks and Buddhist temples (Mason 42-43). Another city was built similarly to Fujiwara, and this was the city of Heijo-kyo. In Heijo, Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples from Fujiwara were restored to achieve an identical structure of the former Japanese capital. Summarily, from the Asuka to the Nara period, capital cities have been established and re-established but as new cities were built, the pattern that was being followed was still Chinese; Buddhist temples, sculptures and shrines still existed. The Chinese is said to have also influenced the manner of how the Japanese people wrote and gave meaning to their written pieces in the past. During the Nara period (710-94), the art of writing otherwise known as calligraphy has flourished. The Japanese has adopted the ideographic writing system of the Chinese and it became their basis to finding out the character or manners of an individual (Mason 46). Chinese Confucian classics and texts about early dynasties e.g. the Hanshu and Weizhi, Daoist philosophy geomancy and poetry were utilized by the liberal members of the court (Mason 46). Buddhist clergy and practitioners were using Buddhist texts written in Chinese characters in preaching Buddhism, when they could have opted to use Indian Sanskrit texts (Mason 46). In particular, during the seventh and eighth centuries, the Japanese developed the manyogana system of writing to incorporate the Chinese writing system, with Japanese grammar and usage of polysyllabic words. Japanese elites used the Manyogana in writing their literary works, such as the Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand leaves), as well as in writing the history of the country through their Kojiki and Nihon shoki (or Nihongi) (Mason 46). Buddhist sutras also became subject of calligraphy during the Nara period, and an example of this is the Daihoshakkyo (CH. Dabaojijing. Sutra Treasury of the Buddhist Law) (Mason 47). Upon the sixth to eighth centuries, the Chinese has reached the point of influencing Japanese preference in decorative arts. Evidence of this development is seen at the Shosoin building located in the precinct of the Todaiji temple. The building structure is likened to the architecture of constructed dwellings during the Yayoi period. Several paintings are kept in the Shosoin building, including the painting of a woman beneath a tree. The said painting has been identified as Chinese in style, but is credited to a Japanese artist (Mason 49). The biwa is another piece of decorative art that can be found at the Shosoin; it is a lute that is recognized as of Chinese origin due to the motif of its leather plectrum guard with musicians and dancers emplaced on an elephant in a mountainous setting (Mason 50). As a whole, the influence of the Chinese to Japanese decorative art has been traced through the presence of the ancient silk roads that became the gateway of Chinese art to Japan. Undoubtedly, the Chinese had a large contribution to the shaping of the Japanese Buddhist art and architecture. Most of the evidences are seen in the style, structure and material of the early Japanese imperial palaces, which were conceptualized based on the popular imperial palaces of China. In addition, early Japanese writings or literary works were composed with reference to popular Chinese writings, and the ideographic writing system of the Chinese, which is again a turning point in Japanese history. Thanks to the Chinese, the evolution and history of Japanese art and architecture became colorful and fascinating. The early Chinese has profoundly influenced the memoirs of the early Japanese people as they have brought to Japan the vibrancy and culture of China through art, architecture and religion. Work Cited Mason, Penelope. History of Japanese Art. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture Essay)
“Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture

Chinese Art Influence on Western Culture

...?Chinese Art Influence on Western Culture The National Museum of China, currently holding an exhibition called Passion for Porcelain: Masterpieces ofCeramics from the British Musuem and the Victoria and Albert Museum, showcases numerous pieces of Chinese art that have helped to shape largely British art, and western art as a whole, to what it is today. Much of modern western art is based around designs that the Chinese developed centuries ago. Up until the eighteenth century, Europeans regarded Chinese culture as superior to their own, so it made sense that they wanted to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Japanese art influence on Western culture

...-1842) Ando Hiroshige’s Snowy Day, Nihon-Bashi, a woodblock print done in the early 1840s, highly influenced the American culture barely two decades after its production. The art stored in The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, inspired the works of James McNeill Whistler. Skeen avers that the American-born artist, based in Britain took after the Japanese, and his art, done in 1862, greatly resembled the former’s work (138). The Japanese art contributed to the development of modern Western architectures, which were reminiscent later in the Industrial Revolution. The Japanese...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Japanese influence on Western Art

...?Japanese Influence on Western Art Undeniably, a look at a piece of art depicts creativity or the mind of the artist. Pieces of arts from the east depict observation, realism with one dominant idea presented graphically with a strong motif. Edouard Mamet formed the foundation of western art that portrayed elegance with different bold patches of colour. While the westerners are skilled in geometry and can precisely render light and shade on their arts, they fail in the painting skills. Most of westerners art too incorporate contrasting feature like smoothness and roughness, distance and proximity, depth...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Religious Influence on Japanese Art

...). Art and craft specialists also migrated to Japan from China and Korea and participated in creating the new arts. With the introduction of Buddhism in the mid 6th century, Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines began to incorporate the same architectural designs. The structure of the Shinto shrines got more elaborate under the Chinese and Korean influence (Sugimoto 230). Since shrines also reflected family dignity, the designs were commissioned by noble families and many more structures were built in Nara and Kyoto cities (Sugimoto 231). Buddhist art in Japan is categorized into periods or eras. It shaped...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Buddhist Art

..., and Buddha himself, while other forms of Buddhist art include statues, shrines, tapestry and various other forms and textures of art. It is important to note that very little is known about the major ancient Buddhist artists who have contributed to the development of this art tradition. Two of the major Buddhist artists in the 18th and 19th centuries are Utagawa Hiroshige (1797-1858) and Katsushika Hokusai (1760 - 1849), which have produced wonderful works of art in this tradition. The former, who is also known as Ando Tokytaro, was born in Tokyo and the latter was an important master and genius of the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Japanese and Chinese Buddhist Nuns

...or the taking of full ordination. Buddhism in Korea first travelled from China to the Kingdom of Koryo, and later made its way to the kingdoms of Paekshe and Silla. Evidence show that the first full ordination of Korean nuns happened soon after the full after the ordination of Hui-kuo and her nuns. Buddhism was introduced into Japan in the 6th century A.D. King Sheng Ming of the kingdom of Paekshe presented Emperor Kin-myo with several Buddhist religious figures in 538 A.D. However, Korean migrants to Japan have already introduced the religion on an earlier date and it had been practiced privately. The Chinese also contributed to the growth of Japanese Buddhism on a later date when the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Architecture in Japanese Gardens

...Architecture in Japanese Gardens The history of the Japanese garden, which is clearly intertwined with principles of Japanese architecture, is one that helps to define the Japanese culture and history. This is because gardening has been an important cultural, intellectual, and spiritual pursuit in Japan for almost 1300 years in various ways and to various people. Japanese gardens also show the influence that the Chinese culture had on the Japanese, as well as how Japan took that culture and changed it in subtle ways to make it its own. The philosophical ideas of Zen...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Japanese Tea House Architecture

..., the incense burner itself, the dipping ladle, the water heater vessel and the tea container. 4 He must have known the protocol of the ceremony – greeting and conversing with guests properly and the manners and courtesies that must be observed. In short, the tea host, or tea master, must have been cognizant of Japanese culture, as these ceremonies were a distillation of the culture of the Japanese.5 The tea ceremonies have not only been reflective of Japanese culture, but also an influence. Tea ceremonies influenced Japanese art, in particular pottery, and they also influenced the aesthetics of the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Influence of Buddhism on Japanese Architecture

...Kannon: The Ninth-Century Esoteric Buddhist Altar at Kanshinji. Art Bulletin, 30-64. Fang, D. P., Iwasaki, S., Yu, M. H., Shen, Q. P., Miyamoto, Y., & Hikosaka, H. (2001). Ancient Chinese timber architecture. II: Dynamic characteristics. Journal of structural engineering, 127(11), 1358-1364. Marja, S. (2003). Layouts and Layers: Spatial Arrangements in Japan and Korea. Sungkyun Journal of East Asian Studies, 3(2), 80-108. Saito, Y. (2007). The moral dimension of Japanese aesthetics. The Journal of aesthetics and art criticism, 65(1), 85-97. Weaver, M. E. (2003). Successes and Failures in the Conservation of Wooden Structures. Journal...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Chinese and Japanese Buddhist Calligraphy

...Chinese and Japanese Buddhist Calligraphy Geographical features, cultural traditions, and religious beliefs have influenced art in in Asian countries. Calligraphy or the art of writing characters, one of the most ubiquitous forms of art, was practiced and revered in the Chinese cultural sphere. However, it later got spread across other Asian countries like Japan, Taiwan, Korea, and Vietnam, influencing the sensibilities and styles of different calligraphies. The art of calligraphy encompasses a sense of aesthetic richness that is estimated to have spanned over four...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Chinese Influence on Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture for FREE!

Contact Us