Nobody downloaded yet

Biological Theories of Crime - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Biological Theories Date Biological Theories Biological theories assert that there is a relationship between the physiology of an individual and criminality. The assumptions of these theories are that the physical attributes of an individual can lead to an individual committing a crime (Brewer, 2000)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
Biological Theories of Crime
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Biological Theories of Crime"

Download file to see previous pages According to Johan Caspar, the facial features, as well as the shape of the skull, have an impact on the human conduct. Cesare Lombroso echoed this opinion. He theorized that other aspects of body organs, such as the size of hair and ears, were related to the conduct of individuals. This was so in that those individuals who had longer hair had higher chances of being criminals as they behaved to match the primitive nature of other primitive animals (Velden, 2010). The earlier theories of criminality tried to relate the physical features of an individual’s body, such as deformity, disability and ugliness with crime (Brewer, 2000). Fundamentally, the biological theories of crime put the biological traits of an individual as the main factor that affects their behavior and the way they act. However, the modern biological theories of crime have related their observations and arguments to the works of Charles Darwin (Wilson, 1980). These theories postulate that crime is a factor of the process of man trying to adapt to the environment. There are various theories that have been put across to establish the relationship between the biological make up of an individual and their behaviors and actions. Such theories include the constitutional theories and the psychological theories. Psychoanalytic Theory is one of the psychological theories postulating that all human beings have some aspects of natural urges that are suppressed in their subconscious (Velden, 2010). According to this theory, all individuals have criminal urges and tendencies. However, through the process of behavioral development, socialization and the build of self-control such urges and tendencies are restrained (Brewer, 2000). If there is that lack of control learnt by individuals during their childhood, and if there happens to be a faulty identification by a child with his parents, a criminal behavior develops. The aspect of lack of proper development in a child may develop personality disturbance, which is a responsible for developing antisocial tendency either inwardly or outwardly. According to this theory, a child who directs the antisocial impulses inwardly becomes restless, while the one who directs them outwardly becomes a criminal (Wilson, 1980). Cognitive development theory is another psychological theory that postulates that criminal behavior emanates from the way individuals organize their thoughts on morality and law (Brewer, 2000). According to this theory, individuals undergo three levels of morality development, where each stage can shape the tendencies for individuals to become criminals, based on their moral character development at each stage. At the first level of moral development, which is the preconventional level, individual’s moral reasoning is based on obedience and the fear of punishment (Velden, 2010). This is mostly found at the early stages of childhood. When individuals get to the middle stages of childhood, they enter the conventional level of moral development. At this level, individuals develop moral reasoning and behaviors based on what their families and others expect of them. After this stage, an individual proceeds to early adulthood stage. This is the post-conventional level of moral behavior development. At this stage, individuals do value the social conventions and laws, but are at a freedom to adapt changes that will eventually change such social convention ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Biological Theories of Crime Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Biological Theories of Crime Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Biological Theories of Crime Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Biological Theories of Crime

Theories of Juvenile Crime

...?Running Head: Theories of Juvenile Crime Theories of Juvenile Crime [Institute’s Theories of Juvenile Crime Juvenile crimes take place when individuals mainly under the age of eighteen commit a crime. Researchers have investigated for generations to clarify why juveniles engage in felonious acts. One of the theories, which best explains youth crimes is that of rational theorists. Rational behavior theorists argue that perpetrators are personally responsible for unlawful acts and so they must get a penalty accordingly. In 1968, Becker (Books, 2010) claimed that juveniles...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Theories of Crime

...? Theories of Crime Introduction The United s has the highest rate of sexual assault of any industrialized country in the world. The National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAWS) reported that approximately 17% woman have experienced rape at some point in her life (cited in Fisher 1). Estimates are higher when attempted rapes are also taken into account. These statistics of a woman being raped in the course of her lifetime are quite substantial. The chances of being raped are magnified if the woman lives in a large city or is of an ethnic minority (Nicole 1). In spite of the fact that rape is the most frequently committed violent crime in the United States, it is the least reported of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Psychological theories of crime

...?Psychological theories of crime Introduction Crime is a relative term referring to a variety of actions that cause harm to both individuals to the society. This implies that societies have different definitions of crime often categorizing the criminal activities by their extent and implications in the society. Legally, governments label specific actions as criminal activities thus crime deepening on the harm they cause to the society. Such acts as murder, theft and rape are considered crimes all over the world (Marshall, 1998). The acts cause harm to the society and derail the appraisal of the morality in the society. Most governments in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Biological Theories of Aging

...Biological Theories of Aging Introduction Aging is a biological phenomenon all the living things are undergoing. We are not sure about anything in the world except the aging. We are approaching getting nearer to the death from the time of the birth onwards. No living thing in the world has the ability to defeat death as it occurs sometimes naturally and sometimes accidently. Ageing has different dimensions like physical, psychological, and social. There are many biological theories with respect to aging. Simple Deterioration, Non-programmed Aging and Programmed Aging, Autoimmunity theory, Free radial theory, Telomerase...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Crime Theories

...Crime Theories No: Roll No: Crime Theories The theory that I have selected and that can result in digital crime is Strain Theory. Strain theory can be defined as a theory that is associated with inequality between classes. The criminals committing crime under strain theory are usually socially deprived individuals or they lack chances to move forward economically and socially in different fields of life (Polk, 1969). It is not always the condition that only the socially and economically deprived people commit crimes for monetary success...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Theories of Crime

...Theories of Crime In the recent past, there has been an increase in the use of drugs among high school children in the Marijuana has become very popular compared to other drugs with more than 50% of youths over 12 years reporting to have used it at least once. The cause of this developing trend can be explained through the social disorganization theory. According to this theory, the youth engage in crime and drug abuse because of disintegration of the society (Milkman & Wanberg 2005). In today world where parents spend little time with their children because they have to take more than one job to cope with the ever increasing economic pressures (Vito & Maahs 2012). Traditionally, mothers were given the obligation of socializing... . In...
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper

Crime Theories

...Crime Theories Crime Theories Introduction According to Holtfreter, Reisig, & Pratt (2008), there is an advancing field of evidence on what enables people to be exposed to issues of crime. On the other hand, a large number of intervention programs on criminal activities are founded on, at times or completely, one or two of theories suggested as the cause crime. Owing to this fact, still with putting focus on practical reactions, there is a need to understand the variety of theoretical accounts of crime and the scope they provide. This paper, intends to analyse self-control theory as a...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Factor, Biological, and Behavioral Theories

...Factor, Biological, and Behavioral Theories From an in-depth analysis of the bibliographies, Sonia Sotomayor, Hillary Rodham Clinton and Tiger Woods are different people with different personalities a feature that validate the differences in the personality theories taught in class. Hilary Clinton is an aggressive individual who grabs her place in the society (Bernstein, 2012). She is obedient and submissive enough to be a respectful wife yet still is a strong personality who articulates her thoughts without any fear of contradiction a feature that influences her success in politics. Sonia Sotomayor on the other hand is a docile woman who maintains ethics and follows the normative...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Biological and Humanistic Theories

...Biological and Humanistic Theories: The Big Five Personality Factors Biological and Humanistic Theories: The Big Five Personality Factors I. Introduction The Big Five personality factors are the five domains of an individual’s dimension that is helpful in determining the personality of a person. The Big Five personality factors or dimensions consist of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness to experience. Extraversion is the extent of a person’s sociability on how he or she relates to others. Agreeableness on the other hand is about an individual’s altruism and kindness. Conscientiousness is about how focused an individual is...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Crime and Crime Prevention Strategy: Biological and Sociological Theories

...Crime and Crime Prevention: Critically evaluate the biological and sociological theories and discuss how these contribute to the explanation for the occurrence of crime. 1. Introduction Criminological debate has propounded polarised theorem as to the most efficacious method to punish offenders within the criminal justice system. Whilst academics agree on the concept of “punishment” as a necessary means; they disagree on the “underlying reason that makes punishment appropriate and a justified response to social norm violations” (Carlsmith & Daley, 2002:284). However, from a moral perspective, the underlying question regarding punishment is clearly...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Biological Theories of Crime for FREE!

Contact Us