Free

Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism Date Art reflects the true character of any civilization at a certain stage. It is natural to find that the material emblems of architecture and sculpture should give the best example of the ideals which our ancestors held.1 In chapter eight of his book, titled Whose Culture Is It, Anyway?…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism"

Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism Art reflects the true character of any civilization at a certain stage. It is natural to find that the material emblems of architecture and sculpture should give the best example of the ideals which our ancestors held.1 In chapter eight of his book, titled Whose Culture Is It, Anyway? Appiah points out to the fact that some museums in the west parts of the world have massive collections of artifacts which were stoles from poor countries during colonial eras. For instance, in 1801 Lord Elgin appropriated the classical period sculptures from the Parthenon on the acropolis. They became the property of British 15 years later, and centuries later, the Greek government formally asked their return and opened a museum in Athens to house the sculptures.2 There is a t tag of war on whether to return the sculptures to Greece or let them remain in London. Kwame Appiah has given us an approach to this dilemma and this paper analyzes the case of the Parthenon Sculptures in Britain museum using the two concepts by Kwame; the cultural patrimony and cosmopolitanism. The point is that these artifacts should be returned to Greece because Greeks have an inalienable right to their cultural heritage. The first problematic case, that faces debate on the repatriation of the Parthenon sculptures to Greece, is based on the ideology of cosmopolitanism. Cosmopolitanism is an ideology that all, human ethnic groups, live as a single community anchored on a common morality. Kwame Appiah has it that cosmopolitanism inheres in a situation where individuals from varying locations establish relationships of mutual respect despite their differences in beliefs.3 In this case, one would argue that the Parthenon sculptures can still remain in Britain. According to Appiah, cosmopolitanism has two parts; first, we have obligations to other people beyond those who are close to us such as; our kin and compatriots. Secondly, we should take an interest in the lives, beliefs and practices of others. In this respect, Greeks have the obligation to the other parts of the world by relinquishing their effort to reclaim their artistic heritage, but whatever obligation that they might have to the foreigners, that obligation should not supersede the obligations they have to those people most familiar to their land. It is from this premise that the Greek art should be housed in Greece, and not in a far land where common Greeks cannot access them. The Greek artists had an obligation for the future generation when they sculptured their artifacts, and their first obligation was to give a heritage to their immediate descendants, not the foreigners in the far land. The second point in this case lies in the controversy on who owns the Parthenon sculptures. This is where the case of cultural patronage in the Parthenon sculptures emanates. Scholars, who are for the Britain museum maintaining the Parthenon sculptures, argue that the modern nation states have unfounded connection with the ancient cultures they claim to represent. Kwame Appiah analyzes that cultural patronage does not reside at the culture and people from whom they were taken, and thus, if the artifacts have potential value to all human beings they should belong to all humanity. Further, Kwame Appiah eludes that if we assume that art belongs to cultures that give it significance it deserves, the most art does not belong to a national culture at all.4 Kwame Appiah argues that, there is the value when cultural heritage belongs to all human being, as in the Nok sculptures in Nigeria.5 However, this argument is subjective when we consider the case of Greek sculptures, which do not benefit Greeks from the London Museum. Even if these artifacts belong to the bigger world, the people of Greece should not be denied their first-priority right to experience their cultural values. In arguing this point, Kwame Appiah has it that artistic property belongs to the states with its cultural patrimony, and from where outsiders can appreciate it.6 This way, the sculptures should be returned so that, other people from the rest of the world will appreciate Greece artifacts and culture; when expressed from Greece soil and by Greek’s initiative.7 In conclusion, the fact that globalization should not be allowed to constrict homogeneity defends the point that Britain should release the sculptures and let other people view them from their cultural patrimony. The obligation that Greece has for the foreign countries must not go beyond a disservice to the Greeks. The Parthenon sculptures’ nationality has been alienated and ignored because they are considered as belonging to another nationality. Therefore, there is no need of a sculpture residing in a country where it is threatened or endangered by the idea that it is not a proper part of their cultural heritage. Notes Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1444975-cultural-patrimony-and-cosmopolitanism
(Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1444975-cultural-patrimony-and-cosmopolitanism.
“Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1444975-cultural-patrimony-and-cosmopolitanism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ab
abigalelehner added comment 5 months ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay was always my weak point. I could never complete it well. Still, after I found this particular essay, I understood how it should be done. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the essay in several hours, instead of months as it was previously.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism

Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era

...14th November 14 Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era Jews have had one of the longest and most defining histories any other cultural group has experienced. Their history dates back to the days of Jesus, in which they were described as the Chosen Lot. The fame of the Jews grew when Anti-Semitism started developing globally. Historically, the Jewish people dispersed all over the world due to the frequent political misunderstandings and clashes they had in their country. This led to the presence of the Jews all over the world. As the Jews started to prosper in there respective settlements, so did Anti-Semitism grow and developed into one huge monster that today’s history still recalls. Anti-Semitism is...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Patrimony controversy of the Treasure of Troy

...that the Schliemann collection was in Moscow. In response to the claims by the minister Rainer Klemke, the spokesman in Berlin for the German culture said that they had no doubt that they would get the treasure back. Greek cultural minister, Dora Bakoyannis, promised the president Boris Yeltsin that the treasure would be exhibited in Greece first since it was a neutral site as Greece no longer claimed ownership. Sidorov in Literaturnaya Gazeta said that, it is only fair that Russia had the first exhibition and then Greece, Turkey and other countries (Gerstenblith). The legitimacy of the treasures patrimony is said to be German since it was given to the Germans by Heinrich who was German....
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Multiculturalism versus cosmopolitanism: Impact on and of education

... it comes to the specific instance of education within a multicultural policy framework, research have shown many issues of compatibility and culture (Leeman and Reid, 2006, p.57). Studies from Australia and Netherlands provide evidence to this (Leeman and Reid, 2006, p.57). Scientific studies have also proven that a new paradigm for education that resolves these issues can be developed if approached from the angle of cosmopolitanism (Sobe, 2009, p.6). It is observed that cosmopolitanism imparts a new dimension to education through “the ways that solidarities are formed, identities are developed, and principles of inclusion and exclusion are elaborated amidst local and global assemblages” (Sobe, 2009, p.6). It has been suggested... that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice

...write an essay which looks forward to what forms a cosmopolitan society AND/OR social science might take in the future Thesis ment: Cosmopolitanism Must Be Left as an Individual Choice With the advent of cosmopolitanism during the last decades, it is quite difficult to determine placement of nationalism over liberalism and if there must be a dividing line between the two. The concept of cosmopolitanism both defy and yet at a closer perspective, strengthen these two ideals being that cosmopolitan is signified as a character that has adopted a mixture of cultures or is representative of various, and probably, all countries. Several...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Faith, Hypocrisy and Conflict As Mirrored in Young Goodman Brown

4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review

Cosmopolitanism

...individuals. The philosophical significance in cosmopolitanism lies in its challenge to generally recognize attachments to fellow-citizens, parochially shared cultures, the local state, and the like. In Ancient Greece the term Cosmopolite meant citizen of the world. The opus of the Greek term, cosmopolis, already indicates this unsolved stress: cosmos, an accepted universal order, is related to polis, society's inconsistent order. As a result, from the Greek democratic city-state to the international village, the idea of cosmopolite has been disturbed by questions such as whose world this actually is. Can the forces of homogenous external expansionist exist harmoniously with the heterogeneous...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era

...Jewish Cosmopolitanism in the Modern Era Jews have had one of the longest and most defining histories any other cultural group has experienced. Their history dates back to the days of Jesus, in which they were described as the Chosen Lot. The fame of the Jews grew when Anti-Semitism started developing globally. Historically, the Jewish people dispersed all over the world due to the frequent political misunderstandings and clashes they had in their country. This led to the presence of the Jews all over the world. As the Jews started to prosper in there respective settlements, so did Anti-Semitism grow and developed into one huge monster that today’s history still recalls. Anti-Semitism is defined as the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cosmopolitanism

...Cosmopolitanism The Shattered Mirror is a traveler’s Tale by Kwame Anthony Appiah. Sir Richard Francis Burton is a Victorian adventure whose story is stranger than fiction. Burton was born in 1821 and that is when he started traveling with his family in Europe. While in Europe he integrated with Romany people that his English contemporaries. His integration with the people enabled him to acquire Gypsy wandering culture. For instance while he was in Marseilles, France he learned Modern Greek, French, Italian, and Neapolitan dialect. Those languages came handy when the family traversed Europe especially France and Italy before settling in Britain. He learned an intermediate language between French and...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cultural

...Running Head: CULTURAL INTERPRETATION OF ART CULTURAL INTERPRETATION OF ART By State Date Cultural Interpretation of Art Artefacts or artworks manifest cultural encounters in various ways over time. The journey of the art of Benin through time since their first encounter with Europeans into the present day. The concept of cultural encounter is manifested in the journey of Benin art through the identification of the possible meaning of the content, products, subjects, themes, and objects illustrated. For instance, the Benin plaque contributed to modern researchers’ insights of characteristics of the original encounter between Europeans and Africans...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Cultural Patrimony and Cosmopolitanism for FREE!

Contact Us