We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Art is created for many reasons. The reasons, purposes of art as well as art forms and expressions are changing according to the times and socio-cultural context of the contemporary society. At times, the things designed for practical purposes become objects of art…
Download full paper
Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler

Download file to see previous pages... Primitive in the Stone Age, sculpture developed to bear full resemblance of the object of art expression. Development of crafts, materials and instruments allowed Greek artists to reach perfection in their art works. Roman art was highly influenced and followed the traditions of Etruria and Greece (Pollitt 6) Sculpture was used as a mean to preserve images of the ancestors. Therefore portrait sculpture emerged and developed. Typical material for sculpture was bronze, marble, or terracotta. Monuments and sculptures were also erected to commemorate military or political achievements. Roman Cesar Gaius Germanicus, better known by his pet name Caligula was born in 12 AD. He was confirmed by Senate as an emperor at the age on twenty-five. (Pollitt 102) The people welcomed young emperor. He shown mercy to those in exile, reinstalled his family as imperial. However, soon his relationship with the Senate was strained. The new emperor had poor health and became mentally unstable. His reign was full of violence, sadism and perversion. Simple men suffered his cruelty along with the nobility. He was assassinated by his praetorians only four into his rule. Caligula was megalomaniac. From the beginning of his reign tenaciously was destroying statues of great men. According to Suetonius, “He (Caligula) broke them in pieces to such an extent that it has not been possible to restore them with their inscription intact.”(Pollitt 136) Instead, he proclaimed himself a god. Monuments were erected and imperial portraits created to feature his human image as divine nature. The imperial portrait was usually displayed in the imperial temple. The Emperor was to be worshiped during his lifetime, and Caligula was even worshiped to the excess to the opinion of the Senate. The imperial image established by Augustus was upheld – the face shape designed hairstyle and carefully carved hair locks. The sculptures were powerful tools in political propaganda, along with the coinage. After Caligula’s death his images were destroyed the same way he was destroying those of others. Not many portraits are preserved. One of them is an imperial Portrait of the Emperor Caligula, God and Ruler which is displayed in the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston. Clearly defined and well-known features also replicated in the coins issued during his reign. It is likely that this bronze head was meant to be a focal point of a temple, however, it is difficult to say for certain. If the purpose and the meaning of Roman sculpture are clearly defined, it is not so with the art works from the ancient times, such as the Woman from Willendorf statuette. A statuette discovered by the archeologist Josef Szombathy in 1908 near Austrian town Willendorf in loess deposit during railroad construction. The excavations on the site had started well over 20 years prior to figurine discovery and many artifacts were found, first by the land owner, then by archeologists. The flint tools, human skeletons, tools made out of animal bones, shells, decorations were found at the site. Many of them are displayed in the Venusium – a museum at Willendorf devoted to the discovery of Woman of Willendorf figurine and other finds from the near-by archeological sites. The Woman of Willendorf statuette or as it more often called, Venus of Willendorf, is displayed at The Vienna Natural History Museum. When the statuette was found, it was dated approximately 15 000 to 10 000 BC. With the technology development and new methods of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Caligua Roman Empire
His parents, trying to gain popularity with the soldiers, dressed their son as the soldier himself. He was wearing the miniature version on military sandals called “caligae”, and the soldiers called him Caligula, which means “little sandal”. In AD 31, when Caligula was 19 years old, he was called by Tiberius to the island of Capri.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Roman Catholics in Alaska
There has been a long-history of religion in Alaska. The 18th century saw a large influx of Russian Orthodox versions of Christianity, particularly within the Aleut tribe. In terms of regional affiliations, Orthodox congregations are still active on the Aleutian Islands, Kodiak, southeastern Alaska, and also contiguous to the Yukon River.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
The Roman Empire/ the fall of roman
By this time, the Romans had been victorious over several enemies and won control over all of Italy. The second period was the growth of the empire from around 270 BC to around 200 AD, with the country’s continued successes in conflicts. Its power grew through the Mediterranean, Europe and Asia to become an extensive empire.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Discuss what funerary art and architecture reveal about Roman social issues
had died tells a lot about how the person lived, like, among other things, whether or not they had wealth and status, whether they were married, their age and perhaps even what they looked like when they died. Some of the art plays an important part in the rituals done in
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Roman and Egyptian Technology
The outstanding technological innovations were those of the Romans and the Egyptians, with emphasis on their architectural and construction methods (Stocks 36). In the transport sector, the most ancient form of transportation was the human foot, or the shanks pony as scholars refer to them.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Hellenic and Roman Periods
For much of the Hellenic and Hellenistic period, the infantry has dominated the battlefield. As a matter of fact, the case is the same during the Roman period. According to Schmid, it was only during the great Roman defeat at Adrianople by a horde of Gothic horsemen that cavalry became a prominent component of warfare.1 This is quite interesting because horses and horse riding are not entirely alien to both of these civilizations.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Diablo”, Cortazar’s protagonist Michel Roberto is a part-time translator and photographer who photographs a teenage boy and a young, attractive woman in Seine square. Startled, the boy runs away. Roberto develops the film, enlarges the photo, and suddenly sees or imagines
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Roman Republic
The discovery of the plot revealed the role played by Catilinia and the significant levels of support he had gathered, including a near army in Eturia. This report examines the events associated with the conspiracy,
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
Word of God
The original Old Testament was written, mainly, in Hebrew with some Aramaic, while the original New Testament was written in common Greek.  Despite of
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Compare and Contrast Greek and Roman Gods
The main factor is that the structure of the two is similar where as the difference is evident in the roles they play in the rule of the two mythologies. One of the components that are different between the two is the God of War. In Greek
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us