Nobody downloaded yet

Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Art is created for many reasons. The reasons, purposes of art as well as art forms and expressions are changing according to the times and socio-cultural context of the contemporary society. At times, the things designed for practical purposes become objects of art…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler"

Download file to see previous pages Primitive in the Stone Age, sculpture developed to bear full resemblance of the object of art expression. Development of crafts, materials and instruments allowed Greek artists to reach perfection in their art works. Roman art was highly influenced and followed the traditions of Etruria and Greece (Pollitt 6) Sculpture was used as a mean to preserve images of the ancestors. Therefore portrait sculpture emerged and developed. Typical material for sculpture was bronze, marble, or terracotta. Monuments and sculptures were also erected to commemorate military or political achievements. Roman Cesar Gaius Germanicus, better known by his pet name Caligula was born in 12 AD. He was confirmed by Senate as an emperor at the age on twenty-five. (Pollitt 102) The people welcomed young emperor. He shown mercy to those in exile, reinstalled his family as imperial. However, soon his relationship with the Senate was strained. The new emperor had poor health and became mentally unstable. His reign was full of violence, sadism and perversion. Simple men suffered his cruelty along with the nobility. He was assassinated by his praetorians only four into his rule. Caligula was megalomaniac. From the beginning of his reign tenaciously was destroying statues of great men. According to Suetonius, “He (Caligula) broke them in pieces to such an extent that it has not been possible to restore them with their inscription intact.”(Pollitt 136) Instead, he proclaimed himself a god. Monuments were erected and imperial portraits created to feature his human image as divine nature. The imperial portrait was usually displayed in the imperial temple. The Emperor was to be worshiped during his lifetime, and Caligula was even worshiped to the excess to the opinion of the Senate. The imperial image established by Augustus was upheld – the face shape designed hairstyle and carefully carved hair locks. The sculptures were powerful tools in political propaganda, along with the coinage. After Caligula’s death his images were destroyed the same way he was destroying those of others. Not many portraits are preserved. One of them is an imperial Portrait of the Emperor Caligula, God and Ruler which is displayed in the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston. Clearly defined and well-known features also replicated in the coins issued during his reign. It is likely that this bronze head was meant to be a focal point of a temple, however, it is difficult to say for certain. If the purpose and the meaning of Roman sculpture are clearly defined, it is not so with the art works from the ancient times, such as the Woman from Willendorf statuette. A statuette discovered by the archeologist Josef Szombathy in 1908 near Austrian town Willendorf in loess deposit during railroad construction. The excavations on the site had started well over 20 years prior to figurine discovery and many artifacts were found, first by the land owner, then by archeologists. The flint tools, human skeletons, tools made out of animal bones, shells, decorations were found at the site. Many of them are displayed in the Venusium – a museum at Willendorf devoted to the discovery of Woman of Willendorf figurine and other finds from the near-by archeological sites. The Woman of Willendorf statuette or as it more often called, Venus of Willendorf, is displayed at The Vienna Natural History Museum. When the statuette was found, it was dated approximately 15 000 to 10 000 BC. With the technology development and new methods of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1437312-research-paper-about-roman-julio-claudian-imperial
(Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1437312-research-paper-about-roman-julio-claudian-imperial.
“Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/visual-arts-film-studies/1437312-research-paper-about-roman-julio-claudian-imperial.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler

Roman Civilization

...?Roman Civilization Introduction The Roman civilization is one of the oldest and most influential civilizations in human history. Roman civilization has given great leaders to the world along with rules and principles. Most of the continental Europe was the under the Roman Empire. Roman language has been a base of many European languages like English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian. Rome has been a centre o f attraction of Olden times and dates back to Eighth century. The most famous ruler of Rome was Julius Cesar and he has conquered many regions during his reign. During the rule of Augustus, Rome experienced prosperity and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Roman State

...in all of their respects (Eder, W, pp. 71-122). Even the Jews were ready to say prayers for the Emperor's "mastermind," or protector guts, and were stopped bothering. The Christ, who said no to reverence the royal leader as an idol, were not generally permitted lack of restrictions to worship as colonial authorities went, the Roman hand fell very lightly on the East during the era of the 'Roman faithfulness' (Mattingly, D. 2004, pp. 5-25). The Roman State's faith really facilitated the Roman's means of solidarity and also helped increase the standing of the Roman Rulers. Yet its fixation on preserving peace of the gods...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Platos The Philosopher Ruler

...One of the major themes of Plato's "The Philosopher Ruler" in the work The Republic is the belief in ideal characteristics that make up the truest ruler and an idea that there are such persons who are naturally inclined to these qualities deemed indispensable to being a ruler. The idea is one that highlights the belief that leaders are born, though the natural skills can be honed. It therefore contains exclusive elements that identify some as born with superior natures to others. It then presents itself as being essentially the archetype of many of the characteristics of the democracy (and even some of a socialist state) that are discussed in "Pericles' Funeral Oration" as recorded by the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Roman History

...Dorman Shaw Western History Since the beginning of Roman history the Romans were known as settled peasants. The Romans where both patrician and plebeian. The patrician where originally the elite groups in Rome, and later the group also was included to the higher courts. The plebeian where originally from the middle and lower class who came later in the empire, in gaining wealth, higher in rank. They represented the type of a peasant who was tenacious and greedy for land. A typical early hero of ancient Rome is Cincinnatus, the dictator taken from a plough, who served as consul of Rome 460 BC and as Dictator in 458 BC and 439 BC. Despite the function he had, he remained on his farm to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Roman Art

...expect this but another influence was that the Romans rulers during this period were very attracted to Greek culture: The Antonine emperors, who ruled the Roman Empire in the second century A.D., it seems, had a fascination with Greece as a vacation retreat in much the same way modern Americans romanticize a visit to the Greek islands. One of the Antonine emperors, Hadrian, sought to turn the city into a commercial hub. (Constantine 8) The comparison statue of Hercules has less of the Greek influence. Although Heraclites, (The original Greek Hercules) had many statues made in the Archaic period, this Roman Version is a very different in both pose and relief. This...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

A good ruler

...Using documents 11 and 19 on ancient China and ancient India; who, according to Han dignitaries and the Bhagavad-Gita made a good ruler and what qualities did they need to possess? The Bhagavad Gita, which is part of the classic Indian epic the Mahabaratha, records the dialogue between Arjuna, the Pandava warrior prince and Lord Krishna who is also his chariot driver. When faced with the prospect of fighting his own cousins in the field of battle, Arjuna is despaired and aggrieved. He communicates his moral dilemma to his mentor and guide Lord Krishna, who in turn offers Arjuna a discourse on Hindu dharma. While the advice is directed to Arjuna, it is also broadly applicable to all human beings in different contexts in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

JULIO CORTAZAR

... Blow Up: Book Written by Julio Cortazar Published in 1959, ‘Las Babas Del Diablo Droolings of the Devil’) by Argentinian writer, Julio Cortázar, was published. It was later renamed ‘Blow Up’ to ride in on the popularity of Michelangelo Antonioni’s film, ‘Blow Up’ (Huddleston). In “Las Babas Del Diablo”, Cortazar’s protagonist Michel Roberto is a part-time translator and photographer who photographs a teenage boy and a young, attractive woman in Seine square. Startled, the boy runs away. Roberto develops the film, enlarges the photo, and suddenly sees or imagines that the woman was actually seducing the boy and leading him to a suspicious man in a car (Bittini). The picture that evokes several meanings in Roberto’s mind becomes... of a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

God

...Philosophy Philosophy Which premise or premises fail and why God’s existence in the world has become a continuous argument amongst various religious groups. From the traditional point of view, despite race, cultures or denominations, all humans believe that there was a beginning of the earth. A super natural being is said to be behind the creation since the earth was formless. This super natural being is believed to be in charge of everything although the god varies according to ones belief e.g. Hindus’ god is represented by a cow, Muslims’ is Mohammed; they all converge to one God. Being a belief, it has sent different opinions thus leaving everyone to hold onto their own religions believe (Plantinga, 2009). Here, premise 2 fails... in the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Roman, Julio-Claudian ImperialPortrait of Caligula, God, and Ruler for FREE!

Contact Us