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Hospitality and gastronomy: social, private and commercial Introduction Punjab is a state in northwest India and located on the east side of Pakistan. Punjab has a rich cultural heritage and a long history. The people of the state are known as Punjabis with local language being Punjabi…
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Punjab is known as the land of Five Rivers. For Punjab the largest industry is Agriculture. The state is the largest producer of wheat in India. There are other major industries like manufacturing of agricultural goods, scientific instruments, financial services, electrical goods, textiles, machine tools etc. The state also has the highest number of steel rolling mill plants in entire India. This report takes a look at the culture and history of Punjab. Discussion Culture of Punjab Punjab has one of the oldest cultures in India. Many religions and races of people made up the culture of Punjab. It is a land where the spiritual aspirations arose. Punjab was invaded by different races and empires like Persians, Aryans, Egyptians, Greeks, Mongols and Afghans. Though the state suffered so many invasions, it did not lose its strength and glory. Each of these races has its cultural impression left in the state. Around 15th Century, Guru Naka Dev preached his marvellous love for the whole world. People believed that about eight centres before the birth of Christ, the state was the most prosperous and enlightened region (Grewal, Pall and Banga, 2005). The birth and growth of Sikhism during the Middle Age, gave a new dimension to their culture. Presently it is one of the most vibrant states in India. It has a unique cultural landscape encompassing both utilitarian aspects and traditional values. Punjab exhibits an aura of embellishments with artistry in every aspect of life. There is a display of opulent culture in its metal work, jewellery, embroidery, mud wall paintings, wall paintings, folk songs, architecture and dances (Mir, 2010). The culture of Punjab has a rich history attached to it and a pulsating social life. The culture of Punjab is known for its progressiveness, tolerance and logical approach to its lifestyle. The culture of Punjab has undergone significant evolutions. In the Ancient Punjab the architecture of the house were built by rich baked-brick. People were mostly fascinated by a number of things like games like dice, artefacts etc. which were found out by archaeologists. Punjabi people are nowadays distributed all over the world. Hence the traditional culture of Punjab has expanded and strengthened to the western world like United Kingdom, United States and Canada (Allender, 2006). The culture of Punjab has many traditions like its popular dances. Punjabi Dances The Punjabis have a rich tradition of dances. The popular ones include the folk ones. The vitality and exuberance of the people are displayed in the folk dances. Their dances are full of gestures, expressions, vocal remarks, unrestricted freedom and subtleties of motion. One unique aspect of the Punjabi dances is that they don’t have any common dance for women and men. Each have their separate dances which is combined together to form a typical performance. The difference types of Folk Dances are Giddha It is a popular folk dance which is performed by women of a region. It has a similarity to the bhangra dance which is performed by men only. The dancer’s dances while singing verses called bolis, which is nothing but folk poetry (Kumar, Singh, Agrwaal and Kaur, 2003). Bhangra It is the most popular folk dance. It shows the dynamism and liveliness of the people. This dance is mainly performed by men, who perform the dance to the music and beats of the drum. The dance is mainly performed on the occasion of the Baisakhi festival. It is the harvest festival of
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...?Commercial Law Sale of aquarium to Kevin Facts of the case: On Monday, Kevin agreed to purchase aquarium from Jackie and paid for it. As part of the deal, Jackie agreed to dismantle the aquarium, package it for transit and arrange for it to be sent to Kevin’s premises by the end of the week. He did as agreed and loaded onto a lorry belonging to Xpress Ltd, to be sent to Kevin. Analysis: There have been valid offer, acceptance and consideration involved in the contract with delivery completed. However, further analysis with reference to delivery is important. According to Sale of Goods Act 1979, under Section 18, if the contract is unconditional the property in the goods passes to the buyer when the contract is made immaterial of the time...
... on Tourism. International Review for Social Sciences, 45(4). Gairola, S. 2009. Culinary Innovation: Strategy for Sustainability in Hospitality Industry. North Charlestown: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Gillespie, C and Cousins, J. 2012. European Gastronomy into the 21st Century. London: Routledge. Kapiki, S. 2012. The Impact of Economic Crisis on Tourism and Hospitality: Results from a Study in Greece. Central European Review of Economics and Finance, 2(1), 19-30. Kiveala, C and Crotts, J. 2013. Tourism and Gastronomy: Gastronomy's Influence on How Tourists Experience a Destination. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research. 30(3), 354-377. Rainal, S., Radzi, H., and Chik, A. 2012. Current Issues in Hospitality and Tourism...
2.4 Bread and breakfast concept 12
2.4.1 Variations of the bed & breakfast 12
2.5 Research into the host & guest relationship 13
2.6 The home stay sector 15
2.6.1 Different models of the home-stay market 15
2.6.2 Evolution of the home-stay market 16
2.7 Internet communities in hospitality 17
2.8 Likeminded people 18
2.9 Development of interpersonal skills 19
2.10 Cultural diversity 19
2.11 Research into Cultural Diversity 20
2.12 The host's perspective 20
2.18 Conclusion 21
2.18.1 Non-commercialhospitality websites contribution to promotion of tourism 21
2.18.2 Non-commercialhospitality websites experiencing an increase in general public acceptance 22
Hospitality is a social phenomenon with roots...
...La comida Espaa es una mezcla de diferentes cosas de una variedad de regiones y lugares. Por eso existe una gastronoma muy rica y variada. Algunas comidas como naranjas, azcar, y arroz tienen el origen en el continente de frica. Cuando los moros llegaron a Espaa estos productos formaban una gran parte de su dieta. Los conquistadores espaoles tambin llegaron muchos productos que descubrieron en los pases extranjeros. Los productos como el cacao, el tomate, el pimiento, el aguacate muy pronto se incorporaran a la cocina espaola.
Espaa tiene todos los climas desde el subtropical hasta el rtico aunque el clima que predomina es el templado. La comida tpica de cada regin es una refleccin del clima y los productos agriculturas tambin... comida...
...Analysis of a Television Commercial: Mercedes [IDs Number Prof Introduction:
Mercedes is a German brand with a strong presence worldwide. The brand caters to the elite market worldwide however it has a budget range for the mid-tier market as well. This paper would study an advertisement by Mercedes which attempts to promote the car’s performance in a unique and humorous way which is explained in the due course of this report.
2. The advertisement’s message:
The advertisement features a sub-urban area where a middle-aged man (35 – 45 years) is driving through the woods. Suddenly, the grim reaper appears besides him and apologizes for he was about to take the person’s soul. Just when the camera is panned on the windscreen, there is a work...
For instance, in this paper, Australia intends to use the pop-up restaurant in promoting the countries hospitality through displaying the native products as well as skills. The theme of the trade fairs as planned by the government of Australia is to win more traders to the country through which Australia intends to have more businesses generated at the international front. Through the trade fairs, Australia intends to generate international media coverage through which the country will be positioned with the market orientation of a sophisticated cosmopolitan country, which has also a very strong economy. Hospitality industry has therefore been the choice by the government to have this objective realized within her trading partners...
..., and for the supervision of staff and have direct contact with visitors. This department is a combination of housekeeping and front desk. Room division and front office can have communication regarding the hotel’s promotional plans, cost cutting activities, and they can discuss the marketing and operational strategy, and both departments can have communication related to the hotel’s problems and their solutions (Walker, 2010).
Walker, J.R. (2010). Introduction to hospitality management (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall... how the different areas of the Food and Beverage Division contribute to the overall success of a full service hotel operation. Different areas of food and beverage division play an immense role...
...Commercial versus Non-Commercial Services
As stated by Part 2 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), a commercial service is utilized by the overall population or nongovernmental elements for non-governmental purposes. Noncommercial services, on the other hand, are defined as those services that serve no public or non-governmental function and are not available on the open market, in essence, those items that do not fall under Part 2 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (Federal Acquisition Regulation, n.d).
Describe the DOD (department of defense) contracting officer's responsibilities with regard to the use of non-commercial service
The Department of Defence is a perfect example of commercial services that have increased...
... In the current world of competition and tough economic times, many enterprises are using different tactics to appeal to potential customers and the general public. In particular, enterprises in the private sector have incorporate social responsibilities in their objectives in order to portray a good image to the public. In this case, many enterprises have portrayed that their businesses are not only concerned with making profits but also in promoting desirable social attributes such as reduction in environmental pollution, reduction of discrimination in the society and provision of employment opportunities. However, these social responsibilities are additional expenditure to the organizations and deviate from the main objective...
Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008). Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).
Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
... (Jensen and Meckling, 1976).
In the health and social care industry this becomes more complex because insurance companies come into the picture as a third party. If, as the above explanation to the principals versus agents theory shows, agents behave in a manner that reduces transparency and increases risk to the principals or shareholders what would be the alternative in caring for those who are uninsured or lack adequate funds for health care? In a health care organization this is apparently the relationship between the hospital staff including paid managers and the shareholders. Decisions taken by managers to increase efficiency and profitability would negate the desires of customers but would benefit shareholders. Apparently...
When we speak about business management, most people talk about the core business functions like strategies, products, training & development, management of various departments of the business like marketing, production, planning, etc. Social responsibilities and business ethics are the least communicated topics in the business community because of the least preference given to the non-productive sectors by organizations. Most of the greedy organizations spent millions on the research and development for improving their competitive power in the business world, but they often keep a blind eye towards their responsibility towards ensuring proper ethical standards in their business activities. Organizations that underestimate the...
It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.
In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)
As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...
The main issue that needs to be tackled first is whether there is a valid contract between Richard Brat, carrying on trade as Brighton Greens, (buyer) and Molly and Kelly trading in First Grade Granny Smith apples as Holy Farm.
Apparently, there was, when considering their verbal and written mail sent by Richard to Holy Farm on August 1 reading as follows –“Please deliver 20 boxes –Granny Smith ‘Brighton Greens’. Cheque mailed.“
It may be seen that the mail order does not specify the category or grade of apples to be supplied, but one of the implied conditions of sale could be that the goods ordered need to correspond with the goods inspected and tested.
... jobs are expected to be created and tourism is expected to present 20 % of the national GDP. The hosting capacity for tourism is expected to increase to 230,000 beds from 97,000 beds in the year 2001. 6
Developing the tourism sector in Morocco presents a challenge because the country lags behind its peers on many social indicators (Alkhatib, 2008, Pp. 2 - 3). Thus, educating the masses to support the 2010 Vision to support tourism and to take on the new jobs is a challenge and it is important to try to better understand the expectations of hospitality and tourism industry managers, increase capacity for training and education for jobs in tourism and understand if the structure of the education system in Morocco can support the needs...
... terrorism. Hence understanding the criminal justice system is extremely important so that it may be implemented effectively and impartially. Hence, this report will also cover the following areas namely, the three levels of law enforcement in United States, the interaction between those agencies, the role of the police and private security personnel in homeland security, the role of this group in intelligence gathering and federal funding.
Three levels of law enforcement:
The three levels of law enforcement in the United States cover national, state and local security. This task of homeland security is the responsibility of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the state police forces, and the local police force. Each of them has...
As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.
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... can both the public and private education sectors arrive at mutual and complimentary measures to reduce juvenile delinquency.
Review of the Literature
The various case studies and researches which have been conducted over the years have attempted to pinpoint its causes. With high ranging statistics of the causal links between adult crime and juvenile delinquency, there is no wonder that there is much effort to gauge the reasons for it. The causes for such behaviour, similar to those of crime irrelevant of age, are found to be due to a number of encompassing social, psychological, and economic factors. Clinically speaking, the underlying roots are related to emotional maladjustments with strong links to dysfunctional family situations...
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