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Introduction to Tourism Management - Essay Example

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Tourism Management Executive summary: This report presents a basic introductory framework on tourism management by exploring the terms ‘generating’ and ‘receiving’ countries. It then focuses on the most popular receiving/generating destination countries of the world seeking reasons as why these destinations attract the most tourist trips…
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Introduction to Tourism Management
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Download file to see previous pages Tourists are people who Are staying in another place away from home (for a maximum period of one year), but will eventually return home; Are part of leisure and tourism related activities; Visit for temporary short periods; Are on day trips (they may not be outside overnight); Are on business trips, which may not be holidays (Rowe, Smith and Borein, 2002, 3-4). The basic components of trade and tourism are: Fig 1: The core components of tourism management (Source: Rowe, Smith and Borein, 2002, 6). B. ‘Generating’ countries: The countries from where people tend to visit other places as tourists, or countries from where there is more outbound tourism, are known as tourist-generating countries. The term refers to places where people travel away from their home countries to other international places, for leisure purposes or for conducting business. This is a form of outbound tourism (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2010, 109). As for example, a business group travelling from UK to US, for some important exhibition; or a family travelling from UK to France for a holiday. Here, UK is the generating country. C. Receiving countries: The countries to which people travel for leisure purposes or for conducting business related activities, are known as receiving countries. As for example, teams from various international destinations travelling to UK for taking part in the Olympics; or a group of Chinese tourists going to UK for sightseeing, or for visiting family and friends. D. Main tourism ‘receiving' countries of the world: Travel and Tourism is a popular worldwide activity, associated with leisure and holidays. In 2010, figures revealed that more 940 million tourists from all parts of the world entered various receiving countries, leading to an increase of 6.6% in tourism when compared to the 2009 figures, and the total receiving global tourism numbers rose to  euro 693 billion in 2010, equivalent to a 4.7% rise in actual terms (UNWTO, 2011, 2). Owing to the 2007-08 economic downturns, international tourism suffered a setback, which started around June 2008. Here we find that the rise the global tourism arrivals in various receiving countries falling to 2% (especially during the summer season) (UNWTO, 2008, 1). This trend continued into 2009, when some countries were more affected than others owing to the worldwide outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, and in an average almost a 6% fall in tourism for the receiving countries (fall of 4% in global arrival numbers, resulting in around 880 million international tourist ‘arrivals’ in 2009) (ibid). Travel and tourism is an important segment in the economic sector of many ‘receiving’ countries, while for some ‘receiving’ countries tourism is a vital sector where the nation’s entire economy depends on the revenues earned from travel and tourism for an overall growth and development. Receiving countries where tourism earns large revenue are USA, UK, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Egypt,   Israel, Lebanon, Thailand, Fiji, Seychelles, The Bahamas, Maldives, and Philippines. Tourism brings in revenue from the payments made by the tourists for the services and goods received; it creates various job opportunities within the hospitality and service that function within the travel and tourism. The hospitality and se ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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