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Sustainable Construction - Assignment Example

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With all the environmental and energy depletion issues hounding our society today, there has been growing interest in sustainable development. This paper discusses one approach to achieve sustainability in the built environment - the low energy artificial lighting design…
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Sustainable Construction
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Sustainable Construction

Download file to see previous pages... When dealing with sustainable design, one is usually concerned with minimizing negative impacts while optimizing performance and wellbeing. Sustainable development can therefore be seen as fostering competitiveness through efficient management and utilization of assets giving rise to the term 'the triple bottom line' which serves as the core principle of sustainability(Turpin, 2004):
In the business lingo, this is usually referred to as - 'people, planet, profit'. Sustainable design can have beneficial impacts upon companies by reducing energy and material use, waste and other related costs. Not only that, it can also stimulate the employees to higher levels of productivity by providing better working environments and corporate culture. Ideally too, sustainable design can give rise to better services to customers. In simple terms becoming more sustainable results to better risk management and consequently reduced liabilities. (Otto, 2006)
In the developed and developing countries, artificial lighting is mostly run by power coming from electricity. As a major portion of consumable electricity is still produced through the burning of coal which entails greenhouse gas emissions, one can easily see that lighting 'consumption' does have significant contributions to environmental degradation.
Lighting accounts for 30-40% of the energy used in a m...
This figure is almost 70% of the total emissions coming from light passenger vehicles. This implies that artificial lighting pollution is comparable to that caused by vehicles. The seemingly innocent light bulb is actually a close companion of the car exhaust.
Compounding the problem is the large volume of artificial lighting that does not derive its power from electricity generation. Lighting generated by diesel fuel (those used in lighting vehicles, transient structures and diesel fuelled generator) and those produced through paraffin amplifies consumption figures and greenhouse gas emissions related to lighting consumption. Considering that at present, 1.6 billion people are dependent on this lighting production mechanisms, one can get an idea of how large is the volume of greenhouse gases emitted. Although paraffin- and diesel-fuelled lighting comprise only 1% of the world's lighting consumption, it is actually responsible for 20% of the CO2 emissions attributed to lighting. This is because these light producing sources are much less efficient than even the most inefficient incandescent lamp. Annual diesel consumption has also been determined to surpassed the annual oil volume processed in Kuwait or about 3% of the world's oil supply.
With the advent of better health care and social conditions, human population grew exponentially. As the volume of consumers grew, so did the amount it needed to consume. Two hundred years ago, a typical English person would consumed 5 kilolumen-hours of artificial light annually as compared to the person today who consumes 60 megalumen-hours. Basic mathematics would tell us that this represented a 12, 000 fold increase within a period of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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